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提高六级写作的方法

写作方法 时间:2018-04-10 我要投稿
【www.ruiwen.com - 写作方法】

  1994.6

  Directions:

  For this part , you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition based on the title: The Career I Pursue.

  You must write your composition in no less than 120 words on the Composition Sheet and remember to write in readable handwriting.

  1994.1

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic We Need to Broaden Our Knowledge.

  You should write no less than 120 words and you should base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:

  1. 科学技术是社会发展所不可缺少的

  2. 社会科学和自然科学相互渗透

  3. 现代大学生需要广博的知识

  1993.6

  Directions:

  For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic My View On Opportunity. You must base your composition on the following instructions (give in Chinese):

  有的人认为机会是极少的,另一些人则认为人人都会有某种机会。你的看法如何?

  写出你的理由并且适当举例。在你的文章结尾处不要忘记写出你的结论。

  Your composition should be no less than 120 words. Remember to write it neatly.

  1993.1

  Directions:

  For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition based on the title: Motorcycles And City Traffic. You should base your composition on the following outline (given in Chinese).

  1.近年来中国城市的摩托车

  2.摩托车的优点和缺点

  3.你对我国城市中摩托车发展的前景的看法

  You must write your composition in no less than 120 words on the Composition Sheet and remember to write in readable handwriting.

  1992.6

  Directions:

  For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic Looking Forward to the Twenty-First Century. Your composition should be based on your answer to the following question written in Chinese:

  1.新世纪科技发展的前景如何?

  2.新的科学技术会给社会带来什么好处?

  3.新的科学技术会带来什么问题?

  4.你怎样对待新世纪的挑战战?

  Your composition should be no less 120 words.

  1992.1

  Directions:

  For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition based on the following graph which shows the change in the number of film - goers and TV - watchers in a certain city. The title of the composition is: Film Is Giving Way to TV. You should write no less than 120 words for your composition and it must include the following ideas (given in Chinese):

  1.电影观众越来越少

  2.电视观众越来越多,因为……

  3.然而,还是有人喜欢看电影,因为…….

  Quote as few figures as possible. Remember to write your composition in readable handwriting.

  1991.6

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition based on the graph below.

  The suggested Title is: Car Accidents Declining in Walton City. Remember that your composition

  must be written according to the following outline:

  1.Rise and fall of the rate of car accidents as indicated by the graph;

  2.Possible reason(s) for the decline of car accidents in the city;

  3.Your predictions of what will happen this year.

  Your composition should be no less than 120 words and you should quote as few figures as

  possible.

  1991.1

  Directions:

  For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition about Man Is to Survive. You should base your composition on the following outline:

  1.人类面临的问题(如能源,疾病,污染,人口等)

  2.悲观的看法(如人类将无法生存)

  3.人类的智慧出路

  Your composition should be no less than 120 words. Be sure to write your composition in readable handwriting.

  1990.6

  Directions:

  For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic: How to Solve the Housing Problem in Big Cities. Four suggested solutions to this problem are listed below. You are supposed to write in favour of one suggestion (ONE only) and against another (ONE only). You should give your reasons in both cases. You should write no less than 120 words. Remember to give a short introduction and a brief conclusion. Write your composition clearly.

  四种可能解决住房问题的方案:

  1.多造高层建筑

  2.向地下发展

  3.建造卫星城市

  4.疏散城市人口

  1990.1

  Directions: For this part you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic How to Solve the Problem of Heavy Traffic according to the following OUTLINE. Your composition should be no less than 120 words. Remember that the contents of the OUTLINE should ALL be included in your composition. But you are not supposed to translate the OUTLINE word for word.

  OUTLINE

  问题:城市交通拥挤

  解决方案(solution)

  1.建造(lay down)更多道路

  优点:(1) 降低街道拥挤程度

  (2) 加速车流(flow of traffic)

  缺点:占地过多

  2.开辟(open up)更多公共汽车线路

  优点:减少自行车与小汽车

  缺点:对部分人可能造成不方便

  结论:两者结合

  2016六级写作突破笔记(七)

  题型分类 (Classification of every essay):

  一、第一种题型(对比观点选择题;Essay I):

  (一)题型特点:

  1、 大多为三点提纲,提纲模式一般为:有一些人……;还有人……;我的看法或观点;

  2、少数时候也会出现两点提纲的情况,此时可以补充成三点提纲来写作。

  (二) 历年真题:

  2000.6; 1999.6; 1998.6; 1997.6; 1996.1;1995.6;1993.6; 1993.1

  二、 第二种题型(社会热点话题;Essay II):

  (一)题型特点:

  1、 应该为三点提纲,但是通常以两点提纲出现的题目居多,所涉及主题为当时社会热点;

  2、如果是两点提纲,则补充成三点提纲写作。

  3、通常模式为:现象概述--细节(原因、危害、方式等)--自我评论

  (二)历年真题:

  2002.12; 2000.12; 2000.1; 1999.1; 1997.12; 1995.1;

  三、第三种题型(图标题;Report; Essay III):

  (一)题型特点:

  1、 以图表作为信息来源的写作模式

  2、通常模式为:描述图表--解释原因--自我评论

  (二)历年真题:

  2003.6; 2000.6; 1996.6; 1992.1; 1991.6

  四、第四种题型(书信题; Essay IV):

  (一) 题型特点:

  1、写书信

  (二)历年真题:

  2001.6; 2002.1;

  五、第五种题型(谚语格言题; Essay V):

  (一) 题型特点:

  1、文章题目为一句格言或谚语

  2、通常模式为:解释谚语--举例论证--画龙点睛

  (二) 历年真题:

  1997.1;

  1999.1

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic. Don't Hesitate to Say "No"

  You should write at least 120 words and you should base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:

  1.别人请求帮助时,在什么情况下我们说"不"。

  2.为什么有些人在该说"不"的时候不说"不"。

  3.该说"不"时不说"不"的坏处。

  1998.6

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic Do "Lucky Numbers" Really Bring Good Luck?

  You should write at least 120 words and you should base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:

  1. 有些人认为某些数字会带来好运。

  2. 我认为数字和运气无关,……

  1998.1

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic My View on Fake Commodities.

  You should write at least 120 words and you should base your composition on the outline (given on Chinese) below:

  1. 假冒伪劣商品的危害。

  2. 怎样杜绝假冒伪劣商品。

  1997.6

  Directions: For this part you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic My View on Job-Hopping

  You should write at least 120 words and you should base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:

  1. 有些人喜欢始终从事一种工作,因为…

  2. 有些人喜欢经常更换工作,因为…

  3. 我的看法。

  1997.1

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic Haste Makes Waste. You should write at least 120 words and you should base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:

  1. 为什么说"欲速则不达"。

  2. 试举例说明。

  1996.6

  Directions:

  For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition based on the grouphs below.

  Heaalth Gains in Developing Countries

  Life Expectancy Infant Mortality

  1996.1

  Directions:

  For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition based on the title: Why I Take the College English Test Band 6, You should base your composition on the following outline (given in Chinese).

  1.有人认为没有必要参加大学英语六级考试

  2.我参加CET-6考试的理由

  You must write your composition in no less than 120 words on the Composition Sheet and remember to write in readable handwriting.

  1995.6

  Directions:

  For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition based on the title: Should Firecrackers Be Banned? You should base your composition on the following outline (given in Chinese).

  1.有人认为放鞭炮是好事,为什么?

  2.有人认为放鞭炮是坏事,为什么?

  3.我的看法

  You must write your composition in no less than 120 words on the Composition Sheet and remember to write in readable handwriting.

  1995.1

  Directions:

  For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition based on the title: My View on the Negative Effects of Some Advertisements. You should base your composition on the following outline (given in Chinese).

  1.现在有些不良的商业广告

  2.这些广告的副作用和危害性

  3.我对这些广告的态度

  You must write your composition in no less than 120 words on the Composition Sheet and remember to write in readable handwriting.

  2016六级写作突破笔记(三)

  典型的对比观点选择题的文章逻辑结构:四段比较好

  (启)Paragraph I:(1)引出将要评论的事物或者是观点;可以用问句开头How should people ……

  (2)简明扼要的提出人们在这个问题上的两种不同看法。

  (承)Paragraph II:(1)提出一种观点或优点;

  (2)本段的支持性分论点;

  (3)本段总结(可以省略)。

  (转)Paragraph III:(1)承上启下的过渡句;

  (2)提出另一种观点或缺点;

  (3)本段的支持性分论点

  (4)本段总(可以省略)。

  (合)Paragraph IV:(1)平衡两种看法;

  (2)给出自己的观点。

  ④14分

  How should we read? Should we read selectively or extensively? Everyone has his own view.(启)

  注:1.第一句提出问题,第二句提出两种见解

  Some people think we should read selectively. They argue that with the development of modern science and technology, more and more books are published. It is impossible for us to read all the books. What's more, there are many bad books that are poisonous to our mind, and we shouldn't read them. Since we can't read all the books and we shouldn't read bad books, we must read selectively.(承)

  注:1.本段总分总结构

  2.they argue that = they think that

  3.with the development of...

  4.what's more 递进关系,moreover

  But others may not agree, they emphasize that today's society is not what it was. If one man has many kinds of knowledge, he will have more chances to succeed. If a man knows much in one field but knows nothing in other fields, he may be useless. Since we must have many kinds of knowledge, we must read extensively.(转)

  注:1.But 转折词

  2.they emphasize that = they think that

  3.today's society is not what it was 现代社会今昔非比

  4.许多知识 a wide range of/a large scope of/much;获取知识 acquire/get knowledge

  5.knows nothing→little;he may be useless→he may not be of great use to the society 后者比前者更委婉

  Who's right? I think both of them have something right. But I think we should read extensively first. We should read books in many fields, and read selectively in one field.(合)

  There is a lot to be said for both sides on the argument. But I hold the opinion that……

  ①11分

  When it comes to reading, some people think that reading selectively is a good way, but some other people do not agree with them, they think that reading extensively is better.

  Those people, who think that reading selectively is better, believe that good books are as many as bad books. Those good books can give us pleasure and knowledge, while those bad books can only lead us to the wrong way. So, they suggest that we should only choose the good books to read and never touch the bad books.

  注:1."people, who"应去掉逗号,改为非限制定语从句。

  2.they suggest that = they think that

  3.touch 碰,闪光点词汇,如教材P7:shoulder the responsibility of doing sth. 肩负起责任

  But, the other people, who hold that reading extensively is better, think that one kind of books can only give us one aspect of knowledge. Even the best book only contains one field of information. So, they can easily come to the conclusion that "to know more, to read more". So they believe that reading extensively is better.

  To my point, we should choose good books to read and read good books as many as possible. By this way, we can increase the quality and quantity of reading.

  实例二 99年6月真题

  Reading Selectively Or Extensively?

  Outline: 1.有人认为读书要有选择

  2.有人认为应当博览群书

  3.我的想法

  ①11分

  When it comes to reading, some people think that reading selectively is a good way, but some other people do not agree with them, they think that reading extensively is better.

  Those people, who think that reading selectively is better, believe that good books are as many as bad books. Those good books can give us pleasure and knowledge, while those bad books can only lead us to the wrong way. So, they suggest that we should only choose the good books to read and never touch the bad books.

  But, the other people, who hold that reading extensively is better, think that one kind of books can only give us one aspect of knowledge. Even the best book only contains one field of information. So, they can easily come to the conclusion that "to know more, to read more". So they believe that reading extensively is better.

  To my point, we should choose good books to read and read good books as many as possible. By this way, we can increase the quality and quantity of reading.

  ②5分

  I think reading not only selectively but also extensively. Because the two sides are not contradict. Our time is limited. So we can not read every book in the world. However, we will not be interested in every book. We should read those books may be useful to ours, read those books which we like. But those books which we choose must be extensively so it can give ours all kinds of knowledge, news and so on, it also make ours become a wise man. On the one hand reading selectively let ours not waste our time which it is limited. Moreover it can emphasis among all books that we can read. On the other hand reading extensively can deal with all kinds of need in our life. They are all useful to ours.

  失分原因:分段太少,语法错误太多

  ③2分

  Most people thought that read books should have been selective. But others believed reading extensively was correction.

  Selective books or reading extensively?

  Sure, you can choice one from previous ideas,

  on one hand, There are too book to read for us. We should choose those which we interested, and it would be helpful for us.

  On another hand. Someone's interesting was wide. Each book could bring you specific contain we couldn't reading at only one level.

  I confirmed all of these ideas were good but weren't wise.

  As a reader, the main task is to discover more and more books the second task is to held some which wonderful and helpful for us. Don't treat these books with reckless abandon.

  The best technology of reading is connect.

  失分原因:分段太多,语法错误太多

  ④14分

  How should we read? Should we read selectively or extensively? Everyone has his own view.

  Some people think we should read selectively. They argue that with the development of modern science and technology, more and more books are published. It is impossible for us to read all the books. What's more, there are many bad books that are poisonous to our mind, and we shouldn't read them. Since we can't read all the books and we shouldn't read bad books, we must read selectively.

  But others may not agree, they emphasize that today's society is not what it was. If one man has many kinds of knowledge, he will have more chances to succeed. If a man knows much in one field but knows nothing in other fields, he may be useless. Since we must have many kinds of knowledge, we must read extensively.

  Who's right? I think both of them have something right. But I think we should read extensively first. We should read books in many fields, and read selectively in one field.

  ⑤8分

  Some people think reading shall be chosen. Because some books are good to human beings and some books are harmful to people.

  Some people think that men should read books widely. Because wide reading can help man get much knowledge. And man can use it to change the world.

  It is my point that reading must be selectively. Because reading is important to man. Some books can help man but some books can lead some people to crime. It can be seen in the newspapers and watched on TV. We can make full use of some good books and gain more useful knowledge. It can make our life more beautiful. We must give up those unhelpful books. They are not good to us. Reading them is wasting time and money. So reading selectively is an important part in reading.

  失分原因:结构失调,表述方式单一

  写作原则

  内容简单化

  结构模式化(主题句-分论点-总结)

  语言要包装

  错误要回避

  万能理由 (Omnipotence):

  1、方便:convenient/convenience

  2、效率:efficient/efficiently/efficiency

  3、节省和浪费:save time/money/space; economical, thrift

  waste time/money/space; costly, lavish

  4:人的心理健康:independent, cooperative, competitive,

  considerate, confident, creative, sociable,

  perseverance; selfish, isolated, conservative

  5、人的身体健康:health, disease, strong, strength, energetic

  6、娱乐:colorful, pleasure, joy, recreation, entertainment, relax

  tired, boring, lonely

  7、环境:environment, pollute, poisonous, dirty

  8、安全和危险:safe, danger, risk

  9、经验:experience, social experience, enter the society

  10、人际:humane, fair, unfair, help, assist, freedom, freely

  基本表达(Basic Elements of English Writing):

  越来越:be increasingly + adj., be on the rise, the growing number of

  人们认为:it is generally/widely believed/held/agreed that

  许多问题:a host of/a number of problems

  引起人们注意:claim call/attract general/public/world attention to sth.

  意识到:there is a growing awareness/realization of/that, awaken sb. to the fact/danger

  适应新的形势/变化:adapt/adjust/accommodate oneself to new environment/change

  接触各种思想/经历:be exposed to new ideas/experiences/problems

  接触社会:come into frequent/close contact with the world/society

  获得成功:achieve/accomplish success

  提出观点/建议:advance / put forward / come up with the arguments/ideas/suggestions

  作出努力:make tremendous/persistent/sustained effort to do sth., take great pains to do(with work/study)

  影响学习/工作:interfere with studies/work

  产生影响:have/exert a profound influence on life/personality, have a dramatic/undesirable effect on

  较好地驾驭生活:be a better pilot of one's life

  剥夺机会/权力:deprive oneself of the chance/right/opportunity

  取代就的方式:substitute for/take the place of the old way

  采取措施:take effective steps/measures to

  控制我们的环境:take/gain increasing control over our own environment

  躲避危险/挑战:shy/run away from the dangers/challenge

  满足要求:meet/satisfy/accommodate the demand of

  补偿损失:compensate for/make up for the loss/damage

  解释某现象:account for/explain the phenomenon

  对……很好的了解:have a better understanding/appreciation of, have a new perspective on. provide/gain an insight into

  把某因素考虑进去:take sth. Into account(consideration), give much thought to

  品位人生/自由/青春:savor the life/freedom/youth

  培养对……的信心:develop/foster one's interest/confidence in

  经历变化/困难/艰险:undergo/experience great changes/hardships/experience

  表现出自信心等:project one's confidence/feeling/image

  生活充满不公正的地方:life is full of minor irritation/injustice

  追求学习/职业:pursue one's academic interest/professional career

  学习知识/技术:pursue/acquire knowledge/technology/skill

  被看作学习的……榜样:be held up as a good example

  交流经验/知识:share experience/ideas/problems/knowledge

  发挥/起到重要作用:play an (important/active/great) role/part

  逃学/缺课:skip school/a class/a meeting/a lecture

  知识/经验丰富:rich in knowledge/experience

  确立/追求目标:set/pursue a goal/higher standard

  到达目标:achieve/accomplish/stain the goal/aim/objective

  克服困难:overcome obstacles/difficulty

  面临危险/困难:be confronted/faced with/in the face of danger/difficulty

  阻碍了成功:stand in the way of success, be an obstacle/barrier to success/growth

  阻碍了发展:hamper/impede/stunt the development of

  持传统的看法:hold conventional wisdom

  发表看法:voice/express one's opinion

  持相反/合理的观点:take the opposite/fresh view

  揭穿某种一贯的说法:shatter the myth of

  求得帮助:enlist one's support/help

  缩小差别:bridge/narrow/fill the gap/gulf (between city and country)

  把成功/错误归咎于:attribute/own the success/failure to

  对……重要:be indispensable/important/vital to

  施加压力:put/exert a academic pressure on

  重视:assign/attach much importance/significance to

  强调:place/put much emphasis/stress/value on

  把注意力集中在:focus/concentrate one's attention/efforts/thoughts upon

  提供机会/信息:provide/offer/furnish an opportunity/information for sb.

  抓住机会:grab/seize/take the opportunity

  得到机会:enjoy/gain access to a opportunity/information

  有可能:there is (little/much) possibility/likelihood that, chances/the odds are that

  展开竞争:compete against/with sb. for the prize/position/control/the mastery of

  开展运动:conduct(carryon/undertake/initiate/launch/wage) a (vigorous/nation-wide/publicity/advertising) campaign (for/against)

  对我很有/没有什么意义:make much/little sense to me

  带来无穷的幸福/满足:be a source of happiness satisfaction/contentment/pride/complaint

  献身于:devote/dedicate/commit oneself to a cause/career

  大不(没什么)两样:make much(little/no) difference

  真正重要的是:what really matters/accounts is …

  改变生活旅程:change/alter the course of life

  建立在大量的学习/实践上:built on tremendous amount of study/practice

  进行调查/执行任务:conduct/carry out an study/task/experiment

  辞去工作/学习:leave/quit one's job/work/school

  参加考试/竞赛等:enter (for) the examination/contest, race

  参加活动/讨论:take part/participate/be engaged in sports/activities/discussion

  影响思想/态度/事件的形成:shape one's thinking/attitude

  进入大学/社会/家庭/劳力市场/职业:enter a school/college/society/the work force/professionals

  实现自己的理想/愿望:realize/fulfill/achieve one's dream(hops/wish/desire)

  减轻压力/紧张:reduce/alleviate/relieve the stress/pressure/tension

  提高社会地位:enhance/improve/upgrade social status/position/standing rise to the position of leadership

  提高技术/能力:sharpen (increase/improve/enhance/boost) one's skill/ability

  加快/促进发展:accelerate/facilitate/advance/enhance/boost the development of

  随着生活节奏的加快:with the quickening pace/rhythm/tempo of modern life/society

  开阔眼界/兴趣:broaden one's interest/outlook, expand(broaden/enlarge) one's mental horizons

  有助于了解/发展/宣传/解决:contribute much/little/greatly/to a better understanding of/the popularity of/the growth of/the solution of

  有助于解决问题:go a long way to(towards) solving the problem

  迷恋名利/分数:be obsessed/preoccupied with grades/fame/fortune

  把时间花/浪费在:spend/waste time doing sth., put in hours doing sth.

  利用机会/技术:make (full/better) use of/take advantage of opportunity/time, tap/harness technology potential/skills/talent

  把知识/经验运用到…:apply/put the theory/knowledge/experience… to practice/daily life/good use

  取得进步:make much progress/strides/gains in

  充分发挥潜力/能力:develop one's ability/potential to the full, give full play to one's ability

  充满激情/渴望:have a burning desire/a great passion for

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