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英语句子成分分析

时间:2018-02-25 10:19:34 句子 我要投稿

英语句子成分分析

  英语句子成分分详解:

英语句子成分分析

  一、主语(subject): 是一句的主体,是全句述说的对象,常用名词,数词或代词担任,一般放于句首。句子说明的人或事物。

  The sun rises in the east. (名词)

  He likes dancing. (代词)

  Twenty years is a short time in history. (数词)

  Seeing is believing. (动名词)

  To see is to believe. (不定式)

  What he needs is a book. (主语从句)

  It is very clear that the elephant is round and tall like a tree.

  (It形式主语,主语从句是真正主语)

  二、谓语(predicate):是对主语加以陈述,表示主语的行为或状态,常用动词或者动词词组担任,放在主语的后面。说明主语的动作、状态和特征。

  We study English.

  He is asleep.

  三、表语(predicative):表示行为的对象,常由名词或者代词担任。放在及物动词或者介词之后。系动词之后的成分,表示主语的性质、状态和特征。

  He is a teacher. (名词)

  Seventy-four! You don’t look it. (代词)

  Five and five is ten. (数词)

  He is asleep. (形容词)

  His father is in. (副词)

  The picture is on the wall. (介词短语)

  My watch is gone / missing / lost. (形容词化的分词)

  To wear a flower is to say “I’m poor, I can’t buy a ring. ” (不定式)

  The question is whether they will come. (表语从句)

  常见的.系动词有: be, sound(听起来), look(看起来), feel(摸起来),smell(闻起来),

  taste(尝、吃起来), remain(保持,仍是), feel(感觉) ….

  It sounds a good idea.

  The sound sounds strange.

  Her voice sounds sweet.

  Tom looks thin.

  The food smells delicious.

  The food tastes good.

  The door remains open.

  Now I feel tired.

  三、宾语:

  1)动作的承受者——动宾

  I like China. (名词)

  He hates you. (代词)

  How many do you need? We need two. (数词)

  We should help the old and the poor.

  I enjoy working with you. (动名词)

  I hope to see you again. (不定式)

  Did you write down what he said? (宾语从句)

  2)介词后的名词、代词和动名词——介宾

  Are you afraid of the snake?

  Under the snow, there are many rocks.

  3) 双宾语——间宾(指人)和直宾(指物)

  He gave me a book yesterday.

  Give the poor man some money.

  四、宾补:对宾语的补充,全称为宾语补足语。

  We elected him monitor. (名词)

  We all think it a pity that she didn’t come here. (名)

  We will make them happy. (形容词)

  We found nobody in. (副词)

  Please make yourself at home. (介词短语)

  Don’t let him do that. (省to不定式)

  His father advised him to teach the lazy boy a lesson. (带to不定式)

  Don’t keep the lights burning. (现在分词)

  I’ll have my bike repaired. (过去分词)

  五、主补:对主语的补充。

  He was elected monitor.

  She was found singing in the next room.

  He was advised to teach the lazy boy a lesson. www.oh100.com

  六、定语:修饰或限制名词或代词的词、词组或句子。

  Ai Yanling is a chemistry teacher.(名词)

  He is our friend. (代词)

  We belong to the third world. (数词)

  He was advised to teach the lazy boy a lesson.(形容词)

  The man over there is my old friend.(副词)

  The woman with a baby in her arms is my sister. (介词)

  The boys playing football are in Cla2. (现在分词)

  The trees planted last year are growing well now. (过去分词)

  I have an idea to do it well. ()

  You should do everything that I do. (定语从句)

  七、状语:状语是用来说明动词,形容词,副词或整个句子的成分。常由副词担任。修饰动词时可以放在动词之前,也可以放在动词之后;修饰形容词或副词时放在它们之前。

  (以下例句按上述顺序排列) I will go there tomorrow.

  The meeting will be held in the meetingroom.

  The meat went bad because of the hot weather.

  He studies hard to learn English well.

  He didn’t study hard so that he failed in the exam.

  I like some of you very much.

  If you study hard, you will pathe exam.

  He goes to school by bike.

  Though he is young, he can do it well.

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