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六级考试试卷与答案

时间:2018-08-23 18:32:07 试题 我要投稿

六级考试试卷与答案

  Part I Listening Comprehension (20 minutes)

六级考试试卷与答案

  section A

  Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

  Example:

  You will hear:

  You will read:

  A) 2 hours.B) 3 hours.C) 4 hours.D) 5 hours.

  From the conversation we know that the two are talking about some work they will start at 9 o'clock in the morning and have to finish by 2 in the afternoon. Therefore, D) "5 hours" is the correct answer. You should choose [D] on the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the centre.

  Sample Answer [A] [B] [C] [D]

  1. A) She knows where Martha has gone.

  B) Martha will go to the concert by herself.

  C) It is quite possible for the man to find Martha.

  D) The man is going to meet Martha at the concert.

  2. A) The air pollution is caused by the development of industry.

  B) The city was poor because there wasn't much industry then.

  C) The woman's exaggerating the seriousness of the pollution.

  D) He might move to another city very soon.

  3. A) The man should work harder to improve his grades.

  B) The man will benefit from the effort he's put in.

  C) It serves the man right to get a poor grade.

  D) It was unfair of the teacher to give the man a C.

  4. A) She can make a reservation at the restaurant.

  B) The man should decide where to eat.

  C) She already has plans for Saturday night.

  D) The man should ask his brother for suggestions.

  5. A) The man deserved the award.

  B) The woman helped the man succeed.

  C) The man is thankful to the woman for her assistance.

  D) The woman worked hard and was given an award.

  6. A) Voluntary work can help the man establish connections with the community.

  B) The man's voluntary work has left him little room in his schedule.

  C) Voluntary work with the environment council requires a time commitment.

  D) A lot of people have signed up for voluntary work with the environment council.

  7. A) The patient must receive treatment regularly.

  B) The patient can't leave the hospital until the bleeding stops.

  C) The patient's husband can attend to the business in her place.

  D) The patient must take a good rest and forget about her business.

  8. A) Alice does not know much about electronics.

  B) Alice is unlikely to find a job anywhere.

  C) Alice is not interested in anything but electronics.

  D) Alice is likely to find a job in an electronics company.

  9. A) Jimmy is going to set out tonight.

  B) Jimmy has not decided on his journey.

  C) There is no need to have a farewell dinner.

  D) They may have a dinner when Jimmy's back.

  10. A) The woman had been planning for the conference.

  B) The woman called the man but the line was busy.

  C) The woman didn't come back until midnight.

  D) The woman had guests all evening.

  section B

  Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

  Passage One

  Questions 11 to 13 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  11. A) They are delighted because they can enjoy the scenery while driving.

  B) They are frightened because traffic accidents are frequent.

  C) They are irritated because the bridge is jammed with cars.

  D) They are pleased because it saves them much time.

  12. A) They don't have their own cars to drive to work.

  B) Many of them are romantic by temperament.

  C) Most of them enjoy the drinks on the boat.

  D) They tend to be more friendly to each other.

  13. A) Many welcome the idea of having more bars on board.

  B) Many prefer the ferry to maintain its present speed.

  C) Some suggest improving the design of the deck.

  D) Some object to using larger luxury boats.

  Passage Two

  Questions 14 to 16 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  14. A) Coca Cola.B) Sausage.C) Milk.D) Fried chicken.

  15. A) He has had thirteen decayed teeth.

  B) He doesn't have a single decayed tooth.

  C) He has fewer decayed teeth than other people of his age.

  D) He never had a single tooth pulled out before he was fifty.

  16. A) Brush your teeth right before you go to bed in the evening.

  B) Have as few of your teeth pulled out as possible.

  C) Have your teeth X-rayed at regular intervals.

  D) Clean your teeth shortly after eating.

  Passage Three

  Questions 17 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  17. A) A visit to a prison.

  B) The influence of his father.

  C) A talk with some miserable slaves.

  D) His experience in the war between France and Austria.

  18. A) He sent surgeons to serve in the army.

  B) He provided soldiers with medical supplies.

  C) He recruited volunteers to care for the wounded.

  D) He helped to flee the prisoners of war.

  19. A) All men are created equal.

  B) The wounded and dying should be treated for free.

  C) A wounded soldier should surrender before he receives any medical treatment.

  D)A suffering person is entitled to help regard/ess of race, religion or political beliefs.

  20. A) To honor Swiss heroes who died in the war.

  B) To show Switzerland was neutral.

  C) To pay tribute to Switzerland.

  D) To show gratitude to the Swiss government for its financial support.

  21. At one time doctors discouraged taking multivitamins because they believed that multivitamins .

  A) could not easily be absorbed by the human body

  B) were potentially harmful to people's health

  C) were too expensive for dally consumption

  D) could not provide any cure for vitamin deficiencies

  22. According to the author, clinical trials of vitamin supplements .

  A) often result in misleading conclusions

  B) take time and will not produce conclusive results

  C) should be conducted by scientists on a larger scale

  D) appear tm be a sheer waste of time and resources

  23. It has been found that vitamin E .

  A) should be taken by patients regularly and persistently

  B) can effectively reduce the recurrence of heart disease

  C) has a preventive but not curative effect on heart disease

  D) should be given to patients with heart disease as early as possible

  24. It has seen that large doses of multivitamins .

  A) may bring about serious side effects

  B) may help prevent excessive bleeding

  C) the likely to induce the blockage of arteries

  D) are advisable for those with vitamin deficiencies

  25. The author concludes the passage with the advice that

  A) the benefit of daily multivitamin intake outweighs that of exercise and a balanced diet

  B) it's risky to take multivitamins without knowing their specific function

  C) the potential benefit of multivitamins can never be overestimated

  D) it’s reasonable to take a rational dose of multivitamins daily

  Passage Two

  Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage

  26. The word "portend" (Line 2, Para. 1) is closest in meaning to " ".

  A) defy B) signal C) suffer from D) result from

  27. It is said in the passage that when the economy slides, .

  A) men would choose working women as their marriage partners

  B) more women would get married to seek financial security

  C) even working women would worry about their marriages

  D) more people would prefer to remain single for the time being

  28. If women find fulfillment through work outside the home, .

  A) they are more likely to dominate their marriage partners

  B) their husbands are expected to do more housework

  C) their marriage ties be can strengthened

  D) they tend to put their career before marriage

  29. One reason why women with no career may seek a divorce is that .

  A) they feel that they have been robbed of their freedom

  B) they are afraid of being bossed around by their husbands

  C) they feel that their partners fail to live up to their expectations

  D) they tend to suspect their husbands' loyalty to their marriage

  30. Which of the following statements can best summarize the author's view in the passage?

  A) The stability of marriage and the divorce rate may reflect the economic situation of the country.

  B) Even when economically independent, most women have to struggle for real equality in marriage.

  C) In order to secure their marriage women should work outside the home and remain independent.

  D) The impact of the growing female workforce on marriage varies from case to case.

  Passage Three

  Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage.

  31. The traditional view of "human nature" was strongly challenged by .

  A) the emergence of the evolutionary theory

  B) the historical approach to man

  C) new insight into human behavior

  D) the philosophical analysis of slavery

  32. According to the passage, anthropologists believe that human beings _ .

  A) have some traits in common B) are born with diverse cultures

  C) are born without a fixed nature D) change their characters as they grow up

  33. The author mentioned Aristotle, a great ancient thinker, in order to .

  A) emphasize that he contributed a lot to defining the concept of "human nature”

  B) show that the concept of "human nature" was used to justify social evils

  C) prove that he had a profound influence on the concept of "human nature"

  D) support the idea that some human traits are acquired

  34. The word "untenable" (Line 3) in the last paragraph of the passage most probably means .

  A) invaluable B) imaginable C) changeable D) indefensible

  35. Most philosophers believed that human nature

  A) is the quality distinguishing man from other animals

  B) consists of competitiveness and selfishness

  C) is something partly innate and partly acquired

  D) consists of rationality and undesirable behavior

  section C

  Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage.

  36. According to Richard Satava, the application of virtual reality to medicine .

  A) will enable surgeons to be physically present on every battlefield

  B) can raise the spirits of soldiers wounded on the battlefield

  C) will greatly improve medical conditions on the battlefield

  D) can shorten the time for operations on soldiers wounded on the battlefield

  37. Richard Satava has visions of

  A) using a remote-control technique to treat wounded soldiers fighting overseas

  B) wounded soldiers being saved by doctors wearing virtual reality helmets on the battlefield

  C) wounded soldiers being operated on by specially trained surgeons

  D) setting up mobile surgical units overseas

  38. How is virtual reality surgery performed?

  A) It is performed by a computer-designed high precision device.

  B) Surgeons wear virtual reality helmets to receive feedback provided by a computer.

  C) Surgeons move robotic instruments by means of a computer linked to them.

  D) A 3-D image records the movements of the surgeons during the operation.

  39. During virtual reality operations the surgeon can have a better view of the cuts in the body because .

  A) he is looking at the cuts on a computer screen

  B) the cuts can be examined from different angles

  C) the cuts have been highly magnified

  D) he is wearing 3-D glasses

  40. Virtual reality operations are an improvement on conventional surgery in that they .

  A) cause less pain to the wounded

  B) allow the patient to recover more quickly

  C) will make human surgeons' work less tedious

  D) are done by robot surgeons with greater precision

  Part III Vocabulary (20 minutes)

  41. A) probable B) sustainable C) feasible D) eligible

  42. A) facets B) formats C) formulas D) fashions

  43. A) permeate B) extract C) distinguish D) concentrate

  44. A) obedient B) overwhelming C) skeptical D) subsidiary

  45. A) effect B) affect C) conceive D) endeavour

  46. A) remedy B) reproach C) reproach D) revenge

  47. A) exclusive B) explicit C) objective D) obscure

  48. A) baffled B) mingled C) provoked D) diverted

  49. A) ejected B) escaped C) erased D) omitted

  50. A) incidence B) impetus C) rupture D) emergence

  51. A) in search of B) in pursuit of C) in view of D) in light of

  52. A) credit B) assure C) certify D) access

  53. A) impairing B) imposing C) invading D) integrating

  54. A) sparkled B) twinkled C) radiated D) glittered

  55. A) overtakes B) nourishes C) surpasses D) enforces

  56. A) transit B) transactions C) turnover D) tempos

  57. A) segregate B) whirl C) compromise D) mediate

  58. A) trenches B) utilities C)pavements D) junctions

  59. A) collision B) collaboration C) corrosion D) confrontation

  60. A) successive B) consecutive C)eternal D) insistent

  61. A)exquisite B) extravagant C) exotic D) eccentric

  62. A) haul B) repel C) dispose D) snatch

  63. A) enhance B) curb C) disrupt D) heighten

  64.A)paradoxes B) paradises C) galaxies D) shuttles

  65.A)portray B) ascribe C) impart D)acknowledge

  66. A)alerts B) refreshes C) pleads D)diverts

  67.A)monitor B) manifest C) articulate D)anticipate

  68. A) responses B) signals C)symptoms D)reflections

  69. A)accord B) unify C) obey D) comply

  70. A) alter B) alternate C) substitute D) exchange

  Part IV Error Correction (15 minutes)

  Directions: This part consists of a short passage, hz this passage, there are altogether IO mis-takes, one in each numbered line. You may have to change ti word. add a word or a word. Mark out the mistakes and put the corrections in the blanks provided.lf you change a word, cross it out and write the correct word in the corresponding blank. If you add a word, put an ion mark (^) in the right place and write the missing word in the blank, lf you a word, cross Rout and put a slash (/) in tile blank.

  Example:

  Television is rapidly becoming the literature of our period 1.time/times/period Many of the arguments having used for the study of literature as a 2.school subject are valid for^study of television. 3. the Thomas Malthus published his "Essay on the Principle of Population" almost 200 years ago. Ever since then,forecasters have being warning that worldwide famine was S1_____just around the next corner. The fast-growing population's demand for food, they warned, would soon exceed their S2_____supply, leading to widespread food shortages and starvation.But in reality, the world's total grain harvest has risen steadily over the years. Except for relative isolated trouble S3_____spots like present-day Somalia, and occasional years of good harvests, the world's food crisis has remained just S4_____around the corner. Most experts believe this can continue even as if the population doubles by the mid-21st century, S5_____although feeding I0 billion people will not be easy for politics, economic and environmental reasons. Optimists S6_____point to concrete examples of continued improvements in yield. In Africa, by instance, improved seed, more S7_____fertilizer and advanced growing practices have more than double corn and wheat yields in an experiment. Elsewhere, S8_____rice experts in the Philippines are producing a plant with few S9_____stems and more seeds. There is no guarantee that plant breeders can continue to develop new, higher-yielding crop, but most researchers see their success to date as reason S10_____for hope.

  1. being—been

  2. their—its

  3. relative—relatively

  4. good—bad

  5. as—去掉

  6. politics—political

  7. by—for

  8. double—doubled

  9. more—fewer

  10. reason— the reason

  Part V Writing (30 minutes)

  Reduce Waste on Campus

  1.有些大学校园浪费现象日益严重

  2.浪费的危害

  3.杜绝浪费, 从我做起

  2016年6月大学英语六级考试试卷、答案

  Part I Listening Comprehension (20 minutes)

  Section A

  1.A) He will tell Mary how to operate the dishwasher.

  B) He will wash the dishes himself instead.

  C) He will help Bill to translate the manual.

  D) He himself will operate the dishwasher.

  2.A) Lose weight

  B) Quit smoking.

  C) Weigh himself frequently.

  D) Have a talk with the doctor.

  3.A) The woman should have complained to her neighbor.

  B) The woman should stay out until the neighbors are quiet.

  C) The woman should have stayed at the library.

  D) The lab will be a better place for reading.

  4.A)Check the figures later today.

  B) Do the calculations again tomorrow.

  C) Bring a calculator tomorrow.

  D) Calculate the number right now.

  5.A) She doesn't remember much about the city.

  B) She's never been to the city.

  C) She would find someone else to help.

  D) She would talk to the man later.

  6.A) She thinks the man should have helped earlier.

  B) She doesn't need the man's help.

  C) She doesn't know the boxes are heavy.

  D) She wants the man to help with the boxes.

  7.A) She let the man use her books for the weekend.

  B) She brought the books the man asked for.

  C) She borrowed the books from the man.

  D) She offered to help the man.

  8.A) She'd like to have the windows open.

  B) She likes to have the air conditioner on.

  C) The air is heavily polluted.

  D) The windows are already open.

  9. A) He's going to visit a photo studio.

  B) He's just had his picture taken.

  C) He's on the way to the theater.

  D) He's just returned from a job interview.

  10.A) At a gas station.

  B) In a park.

  C) In an emergency room.

  D) At a garage.

  Section B

  Passage One

  Questions 11 to 13 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  11.A) One sixth of them are seriously polluted.

  B) One third of them are seriously polluted.

  C) Half of them are seriously polluted.

  D) Most of them are seriously polluted.

  12.A) There was no garbage left to clean up.

  B) There was more garbage than before and they had to work harder.

  C) The river had become so clean that a lot of water-birds came back.

  D) The river was much cleaner and they had to search for garbage.

  13.A) Most of them would be indifferent and keep on throwing garbage into the river.

  B) They would join the students in changing the situation.

  C) They would become more aware of the pollution problem.

  D) They would think twice before they went swimming or fishing in the river.

  Passage Two

  Questions 14 to 17 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  14.A) Why people hold back their tears.

  B) Why people cry.

  C) How to restrain one's tears.

  D) How tears are produced.

  15 A) What chemicals tears are composed of.

  B) Whether crying really helps us feel better.

  C) Why some people tend to cry more often than others.

  D) How tears help people cope with emotional problems.

  16.A) Only one out of four girls cries less often than boys.

  B) Of four boys, only one cries very often.

  C) Girls cry four times as often as boys.

  D) Only one out of four babies doesn't cry often.

  17.A) Only humans respond to emotions by shedding tears.

  B) Only humans shed tears to get rid of irritating stuff in their eyes.

  C) Only human tears can resist the invading bacteria.

  D) Only human tears can discharge certain chemicals.

  Passage Three

  Questions 18 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  18.A) They make decisions by tossing coins.

  B) They are not physically separated.

  C) They think exactly the same way.

  D) They share most of their vital organs.

  19.A) Few of them can live long.

  B) Few of them get along well with each other.

  C) Most of them live a normal life.

  D) Most of them differ in their likes and dislikes.

  20.A) They go to a regular school.

  B) They attend a special school.

  C) They are taught by their parents.

  D) They have a private tutor.

  Part II Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)

  Passage One

  Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.

  Our culture has caused most Americans to assume not only that our language is universal but that the gestures we use are understood by everyone. We do not realize that waving good-bye is the way to summon a person from the Philippines to one's side, or that in Italy and some Latin-American countries, curling the finger to oneself is a sign of farewell. Those private citizens who sent packages to our troops occupying Germany after World War II and marked them GIFT to escape duty payments did not bother to find out that "Gift" means poison in German. Moreover, we like to think of ourselves as friendly, yet we prefer to be at least 3 feet or an arm's length away from others. Latins and Middle Easterners like to come closer and touch, which makes Americans uncomfortable. Our linguistic (语言上的) and cultural blindness and the casualness with which we take notice of the developed tastes, gestures, customs and languages of other countries, are losing us friends, business and respect in the world. Even here in the United States, we make few concessions to the needs of foreign visitors. There are no information signs in four languages on our public buildings or monuments; we do not have multilingual (多语言的)guided tours. Very few restaurant menus have translations, and multilingual waiters, bank clerks and policemen are rare. Our transportation systems have maps in English only and often we ourselves have difficulty understanding them. When we go abroad, we tend to cluster in hotels and restaurants where English is spoken. The attitudes and information we pick up are conditioned by those natives — usually the richer — who speak English. Our business dealings, as well as the nation's diplomacy, are conducted through interpreters. For many years, America and Americans could get by with cultural blindness and linguistic ignorance.After all ,America was the most powerful country of the free world, the distributor of needed funds and goods. But all that is past. American dollars no longer buy all good things, and we are slowly beginning to realize that our proper role in the world is changing. A 1979 Harris poll reported that 55 percent of Americans want this country to play a more significant role in world affairs; we want to have a hand in the important decisions of the next century, even though it may not always be the upper hand.

  21.It can be inferred that Americans being approached too closely by Middle Easterners would most probably .

  A) stand still C) step forward B) jump aside D) draw back

  22.The author gives many examples to criticize Americans for their .

  A) cultural self-centeredness

  B) casual manners

  C) indifference towards foreign visitors

  D) arrogance towards other cultures

  23.In countries other than their own most Americans .

  A) are isolated by the local people

  B) are not well informed due to the language barrier

  C) tend to get along well with the natives

  D) need interpreters in hotels and restaurants

  24.According to the author, Americans' cultural blindness and linguistic ignorance will .

  A) affect their image in the new era

  B) cut themselves off from the outside world

  C) limit their role in world affairs

  D) weaken the position of the US dollar

  25.The author's intention in writing this article is to make Americans realize that .

  A) it is dangerous to ignore their foreign friends

  B) it is important to maintain their leading role in world affairs

  C) it is necessary to use several languages in public places

  D) it is time to get acquainted with other cultures

  Passage Two

  Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.

  In department stores and closets all over the world, they are waiting. Their outward appearance seems rather appealing because they come in a variety of styles, textures, and colors. But they are ultimately the biggest deception that exists in the fashion industry today. what are they? They are high heels — a woman's worst enemy (whether she knows it or not). High heel shoes are the downfall of modern society. Fashion myths have led women to believe that they are more beautiful or sophisticated for wearing heels, but in reality, heels succeed in posing short as well as long term hardships. Women should fight the high heel industry by refusing to use or purchase them in order to save the world from unnecessary physical and psychological suffering. For the sake of fairness, it must be noted that there is a positive side to high heels. First, heels are excellent for aerating (使通气)lawns. Anyone who has ever worn heels on grass knows what I am talking about. A simple trip around the yard in a pair of those babies eliminates all need to call for a lawn care specialist, and provides the perfect-sized holes to give any lawn oxygen without all those messy chunks of dirt lying around. Second, heels are quite functional for defense against oncoming enemies, who can easily be scared away by threatening them with a pair of these sharp, deadly fashion accessories. Regardless of such practical uses for heels, the fact remains that wearing high heels is harmful to one’s physical health. Talk to any podiatrist (足病医生), and you will hear that the majority of their business comes from high-heel-wearing women. High heels are known to cause problems such as deformed feet and torn toenails. The risk of severe back problems and twisted or broken ankles is three times higher for a flat shoe wearer. Wearing heels also creates the threat of getting a heel caught in a sidewalk crack or a sewer-grate (阴沟栅) and being thrown to the ground—possibly breaking a nose, back, or neck. And of course, after wearing heels for a day, any woman knows she can look forward to a night of pain as she tries to comfort her swollen, aching feet.

  26. What makes women blind to the deceptive nature of high heels?

  A) The multi-functional use of high heels.

  B) Their attempt to show off their status.

  C) The rich variety of high heel styles.

  D) Their wish to improve their appearance.

  27.The author’s presentation of the positive side of high heels is meant .

  A) to be ironic

  C)to be fair to the fashion industry

  B) to poke fun at women

  D) to make his point convincing

  28.The author uses the expression “those babies” (Line 3, Para. 2) to refer to high heels .

  A) to show their fragile characteristics

  C) to show women’s affection for them

  B) to indicate their feminine features

  D) to emphasize their small size

  29.The author’s chief argument against high heels is that .

  A) they pose a threat to lawns

  B) they are injurious to women’s health

  C) they don’t necessarily make women beautiful

  D) they are ineffective as a weapon of defense

  30.It can be inferred from the passage that women should .

  A) see through the very nature of fashion myths

  B) 一 the products of the fashion industry

  C) go to a podiatrist regularly for advice

  D) avoid following fashion too closely

  Passage Three

  Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage.

  It is hardly necessary for me to cite all the evidence of the depressing state of literacy. These figures from the Department of Education are sufficient: 27 million Americans cannot read at all, and a further 35 million read at a level that is less than sufficient to survive in our society. But my own worry today is less that of the overwhelming problem of elemental literacy than it is of the slightly more luxurious problem of the decline in the skill even of the middle-class reader, of his unwillingness to afford those spaces of silence, those luxuries of domesticity and time and concentration, that surround the image of the classic act of reading. It has been suggested that almost 80 percent of America’s literate, educated teenagers can no longer read without an accompanying noise(music)in the background or a television screen flickering (闪烁) at the corner of their field of perception. We know very little about the brain and how it deals with simultaneous conflicting input, but every common-sense intuition suggests we should be profoundly alarmed. This violation of concentration, silence, solitude (独处的状态)goes to the very heart of our notion of literacy; this new form of part-reading, of part-perception against background distraction, renders impossible certain essential acts of apprehension and concentration, let alone that most important tribute any human being can pay to a poem or a piece of prose he or she really loves, which is to learn it by heart. Not by brain, by heart; the expression is vital. Under these circumstances, the question of what future there is for the arts of reading is a real one. Ahead of us lie technical, psychic (心理的'), and social transformations probably much more dramatic than those brought about by Gutenberg, the German inventor in printing. The Gutenberg revolution, as we now know it, took a long time; its effects are still being debated. The information revolution will touch every fact of composition, publication, distribution, and reading. No one in the book industry can say with any confidence what will happen to the book as we’ve known it.

  31.The picture of the reading ability of the American people, drawn by the author, is .

  A) rather bleak

  C) very impressive

  B) fairly bright

  D) quite encouraging

  32.The author’s biggest concern is .

  A) elementary school children’s disinterest in reading classics

  B) the surprisingly low rate of literacy in the U.S.

  C) the musical setting American readers require for reading

  D) the reading ability and reading behavior of the middle class

  33.A major problem with most adolescents who can read is .

  A) their fondness of music and TV programs

  B) their ignorance of various forms of art and literature

  C) their lack of attentiveness and basic understanding

  D) their inability to focus on conflicting input

  34.The author claims that the best way a reader can show admiration for a piece of poetry or prose is . A) to be able to appreciate it and memorize it

  B) to analyze its essential features

  C) to think it over conscientiously

  D) to make a fair appraisal of its artistic value

  35. About the future of the arts of reading the author feels .

  A) upset

  C) alarmed

  B) uncertain

  D) pessimistic

  Passage Four

  Questions 35 to 40 are based on the following passage.

  For centuries, explorers have risked their lives venturing into the unknown for reasons that were to varying degrees economic and nationalistic. Columbus went west to look for better trade routes to the Orient and to promote the greater glory of Spain. Lewis and Clark journeyed into the American wilderness to find out what the U.S. had acquired when it purchased Louisiana, and the Appolo astronauts rocketed to the moon in a dramatic show of technological muscle during the cold war.Although their missions blended commercial and political-military imperatives,the explorerss involved all accomplished some singificant science simply by going where no scientists had gone. Today Mars looms(隐约出现)as humanity’s next great terra incognita(未探明之地).And with doubtful prospects for a short-term financial return,with the cold war a rapidly fading memory and amid a growing emphasis on international cooperation in large space ventues,it is clear that imperatives other than profits or nationalism will have to compel human beings to leave their tracks on the planet’s reddish surfface.Could it be that science,which has long played a minor role in exploration,is at last destined to take a leading role? The question naturally invites a couple of others:Are there experiments that only humans could do on Mars? Could those experiments provide insights profound enough to justify the expense of sending people across in terplanetary space? With Mars the scientific stakes are arguably higher than they have ever been.The issue of whether life ever existed on the planet, and whether it persists to this day,has been highlighted by mounting evidence that the Red Planet had abundant stable,liquid water and by the continuing controversy over suggestions that bacterial fossils rode to Earth on a meteorite(陨石)from Mars .A more conclusive answer about life on Mars ,past or present ,would give researchers invaluable data about the range of conditions under which a planet can generate the complex chemistry that leads to life.If it could be established that life arose independently on Mars and Earth ,the finding would provide the first concrete clues in one deepest mysteries in all of science:the prevalence of life in the universe.

  36.According to the passage,the chief purpose of explorers in going to unknown places in the past was _______.

  A)to display their country’s military might

  B)to accomplish some significant science

  C)to find new areas for colonization

  D)to pursue commercial and state interests

  37.At present ,a probable inducement for countries to initiate large-scale space ventures is _______.

  A)International cooperation

  B)scientific research

  C)nationalistic reasons

  D)long-term profits

  38.What is the main goal of sending human missions to Mars?

  A)To find out if life ever existed there.

  B)To see if humans could survive there.

  C)To prove the feasibiliy of large-scale space ventures.

  D)To show the leading role of science in space exploration

  39.By saying“With Mars the scientific stakes are arguably higher than they have ever been”(Line 1,Para .4),the author means that ______.

  A)with Mars the risks involved are much greater than any previous space ventures

  B)in the case of Mars ,the rewards of scientific exploration can be very high

  C)in the case of Mars,much more research funds are needed than ever before

  D)with Mars ,scientists argue ,the fundamental interests of science are at issue

  40.The passage tells us that proof of life on Mars would _______.

  A)make clear the complex chemistry in the development of life

  B)confirm the suggestion that bacterial fossils travelled to Earth on a meteorite C)reveal the kind of conditions under which life originates

  D)provide an explanation why life is common in the universe

  Part Ⅲ Vocabulary (20miuntes)

  41.If you want this painkiller,you’ll have to ask the doctor for a .

  A)transaction C)settlementB)permit D)prescrition

  42.The from childhood to adulthood is always critical time for everybody.

  A)conversion C)turnoverB)transition D)transformation

  43.It is hard to tell whether we are going to have a boom in the economy or a .

  A)concession C)submissionB)recession D)transmission

  44.His use of color,light and form quickly departed from the conventional style of his as he developed his own technique.

  A)descendants C)successors B)predecessors D)ancestors

  45.Failure in a required subject may result in the of a diploma.

  A)refusal C)denialB)betrayal D)burial

  46.To help students understand how we see,teachers often draw an between an eye and a camera.

  A)image C)imitationB)analogy D)axis

  47.A 1994 World Bank report concluded that girls in school was probably the single most effective anti-poverty policy in the developing world today.

  A)assigning C)involvingB)admitting D)enrolling

  48.The author of the report is well with the problems in the hospital because he has been working there for many years.

  A)acquainted C)accustomed B)informed D)known

  49.When the farmers visited the city for the first time, they were by its complicated traffic system.

  A)evoked C)diverted B)bewildered D)undermined

  50.If Japan its relation with that country it will have to find another supplier of raw materials.

  A)precludes C)partitionsB)terminates D) expires

  51.They were in their scientific research,not knowing what happened just outside their lab.

  A)submerged C)immersedB)drowned D)dipped

  52.You should to one or more weekly magazines such as time,or Newsweek.

  A)ascribe C)reclaim B)order D)subscribe

  53.The automatic doors in supermarkets the entry and exit of customers with shopping carts.

  A)furnish C)facilitate B)induce D)allocate

  54.Each workday,the workers followed the same schedules and rarely from this routine.

  A)deviated C)detached B)disconnected D)distored

  55.The little girl was by the death of her dog since her affection for the pet had been real and deep. A)grieved C)oppressed B)suppressed D)sustained

  56.A visitor to a museum today would notice changes in the way museums are operated.

  A)cognitive C)conspicuousB)rigorous D)exclusive

  57.Most people tend to think they are so efficient at their job that they are .

  A)inaccessible C)immovable B)irreversible D)irreplaceable

  58.Bejing impatient is with being a good teacher.

  A)intrinsic C)incompatible B)ingenious D)inherent

  59.For a particular reason,he wanted the information to be treated as .

  A)assured C)intimate B)reserved D)confidential

  60.Fortune-tellers are good at marking statements such as “Your sorrows will change,”

  A)philosophical C)literal B)ambiguous D)invalid

  61.The tenant must be prepared to decorate the house the terms of the contract.

  A)in the vicinity of C)in accordance with B)in quest of D)in collaboration with

  62.The winners of the football championship ran off the field carrying the silver cup .

  A)turbulently C)triumphantly B)tremendously D)tentatively

  63.He said that they had been obliged to give up the scheme for lack of support.

  A)gravely C)forcibly B)regrettably D)graciously

  64.The law on drinking and driving is stated.

  A)extravagantly C)exceptionally B)empirically D)explicitly

  65.There claims to damages have not been convincingly .

  A)refuted C)depressed B)overwhelmed D)intimidated

  66.Please don’t too much on the painful memories.Everything will be all right.

  A)hesitate C)retain B)linger D)dwell

  67.The jobs of wildlife technicians and biologists seemed to him ,but one day he discovered their difference. A)identical C)parallel B)vertical D)specific

  68.Mary became homesick and critical of the United States,so she fled from her home in west Bloomfield to her hometown in Austria.

  A)completely C)absolutely B)sincerely D)increasingly

  69.Despite almost universal of the vital importance of women’s literacy,education remains a dream for far too many women in far too many countries of the world.

  A)identification C)confession B)compliment D)acknowledgement

  70.In today’s medical,little agreement exists on the for defining mental illness.

  A)legislation C)criteria B)requirement D)measures

  Part Ⅳ Error Correction (15 minutes)

  More people die of tuberculosis(结核病)than of any other disease caused by a single agent.This has probably been the case in quite a while. During the early stages of the industrial revolution.perhaps one in every seventh deaths in Europe’s crowded cities were caused by the disease. From now on,though, western eyes,missing the global picture,saw the trouble going into decline.With occasional breaks for war,the rates of death and infection in the Europe and America dropped steadily through the 19th and 20th centuries.In the 1950s,the introduction of antibiotics(抗菌素)strengthened the trend in rich countries,and the antibiotics were allowed to be imported to poor countries.Medical researchers declared victory and withdrew.They are wrong.In the mid-1980s the frequency of infections and deaths started to pick up again around the world.Where tuberculosis vanished,it came back;in many places where it had never been away,it grew better.The World Health Organization estimates that 1.7 billion people(a third of the earth’s population)suffer from tuberculosis.Even when the infection rate was falling,population growth kept the number of clinical cases more or less constantly at 8 million a year.Around 3 million of those people died,nearly all of them in poor countries.

  Writing (30)minutes

  Directions:For this part,your are allowed thirty minutes to write a letter. Suppose you are Zhang Ying.Write a letter to Xiao Wang,a schoollmate of yours who is going to visit you during the week-long holiday.You should write at least 120 words according to the suggestions given below in Chinese.

  1.表示欢迎

  2.提出对度假安排的建议

  3.提醒应注意的事项

  A Letter to a SchoolmateJune 23,2001Dear Xiao Wang, Yours,Zhang Ying

  <P 大学英语六级考试2001年6月试卷答案(更多信息请访问http://www.kuangfeng.com)

  PartⅠ

  1-5 BACBA 6-10 BCABD

  11-15 BDCBD 16-20 CABAA

  PartⅡ

  21-25 DABCD 26-30 DBDBD

  31-35 ADCAB 36-40 DCABC

  PartⅢ

  41-45 DBBBC 46-50 BDABB

  51-55 CDCAA 56-60 CDCDB

  61-65 CCBDA 66-70 DADDC

  PartⅣ

  71. in→for 72. seventh→seven 73.were→was

  74. now→then 75. the→/ 76.imported→exported

  77. are→were 78.tuberculosis∧vanished→had

  79. better→worse 80.constantly→constant

  六级听力材料

  1) W:I’m trying to find out how this dishwasher works,the manual is in French,I can’t wait for Bill to translate it for me.

  M:Don’t worry,Mary, I can do the dishes before the machine starts to work.

  Q:What does the man mean?

  2) M:The doctor said if I kept smoking,I would increase my chances of having a heart attack.

  W:Did he suggest reducing weight ,too?

  Q:What does the woman think the man should also do?

  3) W:The people next door are making so much noise,I just can’t concentrate on .

  M:Why don’t you stay at the library? It’s much quiet there.

  Q:What does Tom mean?

  4) M:This is hopeless,these figures still don’t add up right, let’s do the calculations over again.

  W:Yes ,but why not do them tomorrow? It’s very late now.

  Q:What does the woman suggest they do?

  5) M:To collect a data for my report, I need to talk to someone who knows that small city very well. I was told that you lived there for quite a long time.

  W:Oh ,I wish I could help, but I was only a child then.

  Q:What does the woman imply?

  6) M:Are you moving into a new house? Need a hand with those boxes?

  W:That’s okay, I can manage.They look big ,but aren’t very heavy actually.

  Q:What does the woman mean?

  7) M:It’s good you brought the books back.

  W:I thought you might need novels at the weekend. Thanks for letting me use them.

  Q:What do we know about the woman from the conversation?

  8) M:Do you want to turn on the air conditioner or open the window?

  W:I love fresh air if you don’t mind.

  Q:What can be inferred from the woman’s answer?

  9) W:Hi,Michael,I can hardly recognize you ,why are you dressed up today? Are you going to the theatre?

  M:No,actually, I just had an interview at the photo studio this morning.

  Q:What do we learn about Michael from this conversation?

  10) M:Good morning ,what can I do for you ?

  W:I’d like to have my emergency brake fixed.The car rolls when I park it on the hill.

  Q:Where does the conversation most probably take place?

  Passage one

  Last August,Susan and 42 other students got wet and dirty while removing six tons of garbage from the river running across their city.They cleaned up the river as part of a week-long environmental camp. Like one in three American rivers,this river is so polluted that it’s unsafe for swimming and fishing,still,Susan,who has just completed her third summer on the river clean-up ,scene has changed in this river.“Since we started three years ago ,the river is getting a lot cleaner”,she says.Environmental scientists praised the teenagers for removing garbage that can harm wild life.Waterbirds,for example,can choke on plastic bottle rings and get cut by scrap metal.Three years ago,when the clean-up started,garbage was everywhere,but this year,the teenagers had to hunt for garbage.They turn the clean-up into a competition to see who could find the most garbage and unload their boats fastest. By the end of the six hour shift,they have removed enough garbage to fill more than two large trucks.“Seeing all their garbage in the river makes people begin to care about environmental issues,”Susan says.She hopes that when others read that she and her peers care enough to clean it up, maybe they will think twice before they throw garbage in the river.

  Questions 11-13 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  11.What does the passage tell us about American rivers?

  12.What did the students find when they came to the river this year?

  13.What is the expected reaction of the local people to the students’efforts?

  Passage two

  Why do we cry? Can you imagine life without tears? Not only do tears keep your eyes lubricated, they also contain a substance that kills certain bacteria so they can’t infect your eyes. Give up your tears ,and you’ll lose this on-the-spot defense. Nobody wants to give up the flood of extra tears you produce when you get something physical or chemical in your eyes.Tears are very good at washing this irritating stuff out .Another thing you couldn’t do without your tears is cry from joy, anger or sadness.Humans are the only animals that produce tears in response to emotions, and most people say a good cry makes them feel better.Many scientists,therefore,believe that crying somehow helps us cope with emotional situations. Tear researcher,Winifred, is trying to figure out how it happens. One possibility he says is that tears discharge certain chemicals from your body, chemicals that build up during stress. When people talk about crying it out,“I think that might actually be what they are doing”,he says.If Fred is right,what do you think will happen to people who restrain their tears? Boys, for example ,cry only about a quarter as often as girls once they reach teenage years, and we all cry a lot less now than we did as babies .Could it possibly be that we face less stress? Maybe we found another ways to deal with it ,or maybe we just feel embarrassed.

  Questions 14-17 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  14.What’s the topic discussed in this passage?

  15.What is Winifred trying to find out?

  16.What does the passage say about teenage boys and girls?

  17.What’s the difference between human beings and other animals when shedding tears?

  Passage three

  Imaging this:you wake up each morning to find your sister lying beside you,to get dressed and tie your shoes, you use one hand and she uses another. You do everything out together,too,even sitting on the same chair at lunch and riding on the same bicycle. That’s what life is like for six-year-old Betty and Abby. Like most twins, the two girls look very much alike,but unlike most twins,Betty and Abby share parts of the same body .Twins like Betty and Abby are rare. Only about 40 sets are born in the United States each year. Few survive as long as Betty and Abby .That’s because twins often share vital organs, like a heart or brain. The shared organs are often badly shaped and may not be strong enough to support both twins. But Betty and Abby each has her own head, heart and stomach which function normally .Because she has three or four lungs which provide plenty of oxygen for both twins. Most of their completely shared organs lie below the waist. Betty And Abby live relatively normal lives.They attend a regular school ,and each does her own school work .They prefer to do some projects together,though ,for example,to cut out paper dolls ,one twin holds the paper,while the other uses the scissors. But sometimes,the girls don’t want to do the same thing, for example, sometimes they want to play with different toys. What do they do then? “We toss a coin”,says Abby .

  Questions 18-20 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  18.In what aspect ,do Betty and Abby differ from most twins?

  19.What does the passage tell us about twins who share parts of the same body?

  20.What does the passage say about the education of the twin girls?

  2016年6月六级考试试卷、答案

  试卷一

  Part I Listening Comprehension 20 minutes

  Section A

  Directions? In this section? you will hear 10 short conversation . At the end of each conversation ? a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the parse? you must read the four choices marked A?? B?? C? and D?? and decided which is the best answer. Then marked the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

  Example ?

  You will hear?

  You will read ? A? 2 hours B? 3 hours C? 4 hours D? 5 hours

  From the conversation we know that the two are talking about some work they will start at 9 o’clock in the morning and have to finish at 2 in the afternoon. Therefore? D? “5 hours” is the correct answer. You should choose ?D? on the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the centre .

  Sample Answer[A] [B] [C] [D]

  1.

  A? Registering for course .

  B? Getting directions .

  C? Buying a new computer .

  D? Studying sociology .

  2.

  A? The man will probably have to find a roommate .

  B? The man is unlikely to live in the suburbs .

  C? The man will probably have to buy a car .

  D? The man is unlikely to find exactly what he desires.

  3.

  A? Painting a picture.

  B? Hosting a program.

  C? Designing a studio.

  D? Taking a photograph.

  4.

  A? The woman doesn’t think it a problem to get her passport renewed .

  B? The woman has difficulty renewing her passport.

  C? The woman hasn’t renewed her passport yet.

  D? The woman’s passport is still valid .

  5.

  A prediction of the future of mankind .

  B? A new drug that may benefit mankind .

  C? An opportunity for a good job .

  D? An unsuccessful experiment .

  6.

  A lesson requires students’ active involvement.

  B? Students usually take an active part in a lecture.

  C? More knowledge is covered in a lecture .

  D? There is a larger group of people interested in lessons.

  7.

  A? Neither of their watches keeps good time.

  B? The woman’s watch stopped 3 hours ago .

  C? The man’s watch goes too fast .

  D? It’s too dark for the woman to read her watch .

  8.

  A? She’s proud of being able to do many things at the same time .

  B? She is sure to finish al the things in a few hours.

  C? She dreams of becoming a millionaire someday .

  D? She’s been kept extremdly busy .

  9.

  A? He wants his students to be on time for class .

  B? He doesn’t allow his students to tell jokes in class.

  C? He is always punctual for his class .

  D? He rarely notices which students are late .

  10.

  A? He is nervous about the exam .

  B? He is looking for a job .

  C? He doesn't dare to tell lies.

  D? He doesn’t know how to answer the questions.

  Section B

  Directions ? In this section? you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage? you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question? you must choose the best answer form the four choices marked A?? B?? C? and D?. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

  Passage One Question 11 to 14 are based on the passage you have just heard .

  11. A? She was bored with her idle life at home .

  B? She was offered a good job by her neighbour .

  C? She wanted to help with the family’s finances.

  D? Her family would like to see her more involved in social life .

  12. A? Doing housework .

  B? Looking after her neighbour’s children.

  C? Reading papers and watching TV.

  D? Taking good care of her husband .

  13. A? Jane got angry at Bill’s idle life.

  B? Bill failed to adapt to the new situation .

  C? Bill blamed Jane for neglecting the family .

  D? The children were not taken good care of .

  14. A? Neighbours should help each other .

  B? Women should have their own careers.

  C? Man and wife should share household duties.

  D? Parents should take good care of their children.

  Passage Two Question 15 to 17 are base don the passage you have just heard .

  15. A? To predict natural disasters that can cause vast destruction .

  B? To limit the destruction that natural disasters may cause .

  C? To gain financial support from the United Nations.

  D? to propose measures to hold back natural disasters.

  16. A? There is still a long way to go before man can control natural disasters.

  B? International cooperation can minimize the destructive force of natural disasters.

  C? Technology can help reduce the damage natural disasters may cause.

  D? Scientists can successfully predict earthquakes.

  17. A? There were fatal mistakes in its design .

  B? The builder didn’t observe the building codes of the time .

  C? The traffic load went beyond its capacity .

  D? It was built according to less strict earthquake-resistance standards.

  Passage Three

  Questions 18 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  18. A? By judging to what extent they can eliminate the risks.

  B? By estimating the possible loss of lives and property .

  C? By estimating the frequency of volcanic eruptions.

  D? By judging the possible risks against the likely benefits.

  19. A? One of Etna’s recent eruptions made many people move away .

  B? Etna’s frequent eruptions have ruined most of the local farmland .

  C? Etna’s eruptions are frequent but usually mild .

  D? There are signs that Etna will erupt again in the near future.

  20. A? They will remain where they are .

  B? They will leave this area for ever.

  C? They will turn to experts for advice.

  D? They will seek shelter in nearby regions.

  Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)

  Directions ? There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A?? B? ?C? and D?. You should decided on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

  Passage One

  Question 21 to 25 are base on the following passage

  ? When global warming finally came? it stuck with a vengeance(异乎寻常地). In some regions temperatures rose several degrees in less than a century. Sea levels shot up nearly 400 feet? flooding coastal settlements and forcing people to migrate inland. Deserts spread throughout the world as vegetation shifted drastically in North America? Europe and Asia. After driving many of the animals around them to near extinction? people were forced to abandon their old way of life for a radically new survival strategy that resulted in widespread starvation and disease. The adaptation was farming? the global-warming crisis that gave rise to it happened more than 10?000 years ago. As environmentalists convene in Rio de Janeiro this week to ponder the global climate of the future ?earth scientists are in the midst of a revolution in understanding how climate has changed in the past -- and how those changes have transformed human existence. Researchers have begun to piece together an illuminating picture of the powerful geological and astronomical forces that have combined to change the planet’s environment from hot to cold? wet to dry and back again over a time period stretching back hundreds of millions of years.

  Most important scientists are beginning to realize that the climatic changes have had a major impact on the evolution of the human species. New research now suggests that climate shifts have played a key role in nearly every significant turning point in human evolution ? from the dawn of primates (灵长目动物) some 65 million years ago to human ancestors rising up to walk on two legs from the huge expansion of the human brain to the rise of agriculture . Indeed the human history has not been merely touched by global climate change ?some scientists argue it has in some instances been driven by it.

  The new research has profound implications for he environmental summit in Rio . Among other things the findings demonstrate that dramatic climate changes is nothing new for planet Earth. The benign (宜人的) global environment that has existed over the past 10?000 years -during which agriculture writing cities and most other features of civilization appeared -is a mere bright spot in a much larger pattern of widely varying climate over the ages. In fact? the pattern of climate change in the past reveals that Earth’s climate will almost certainly go through dramatic changes in the future - even without the influence of human activity.

  21. Farming emerged as a survival strategy because man had been obliged .

  A? to give up his former way of life

  B? to leave the coastal areas

  C? to follow the ever-shifting vegetation

  D? to abandon his original settlement

  22. Earth scientists have come to understand that climate .

  A? is going through a fundamental change

  B? has been getting warmer for 10?000 years

  C? will eventually change from hot to cold

  D? has gone through periodical changes

  23. Scientists believe that human evolution .

  A? has seldom been accompanied by climatic changes

  B? has exerted little influence on climatic changes

  C? has largely been effected by climatic changes

  D? has had a major impact on climatic changes

  24. Evidence of past climatic changes indicates that .

  A? human activities have accelerated changes of Earth’s environment

  B? Earth’s environment will remain mild despite human interference

  C? Earth’s climate is bound to change significantly in the future

  D? Earth’s climate is unlikely to undergo substantial changes in the future

  25. The message the author wishes to convey in the passage is that .

  A? human civilization remains glorious though it is affected by climatic changes

  B? mankind is virtually helpless in the face of the dramatic changes of climate

  C? man has to limit his activities to slow down the global warming process

  D? human civilization will continue to develop in spite of the changes of nature

  Passage Two

  Question 26 to 30 are based on the following passage

  ? No woman can be too rich or too thin . This saying often attributed to the late Duchess (公爵夫人) of Windsor embodies much of the odd spirit of our times . Being thin is deemed as such a virtue . The problem with such a view is that some people actually attempt to live by it . I myself have fantasies of slipping into narrow designer clothes .Consequently I have been on a diet for the better -or worse -part of my life . Being rich wouldn’t be bad either but that won’t happen unless an unknown relative dies suddenly in some distant land leaving me millions of dollars. Where did we go off the track ? When did eating butter become a sin ? and a little bit of extra flesh unappealing ? if not repellent ? All religions have certain days when people refrain from eating ? and excessive eating is one of Christianity’s seven deadly sins . However ?until quite recently most people had a problem getting enough to eat . In some religious groups wealth was symbol of probable salvation and high morals ? and fatness a sign of wealth and well-being . Today the opposite is true . We have shifted to thinness as our new mark of virtue . The result is that being fat -or even only somewhat overweight - is bad because it implies a lack of moral strength . Our obsession (迷恋) with thinness is also fuelled by health concerns. It is true that in this country we have more overweight people than ever before ? and that ? in many cases being overweight correlates with an increased risk of heart and blood vessel disease . These diseases ? however may have as much to do with our way of life and our high-fat diets as with excess weight . And the associated risk of cancer in the digestive system may be more of a dietary problem - too much fat and a lack of fiber - than a weight problem . The real concern ? then ? is not that we weight too much ? but that we neither exercise enough nor eat well . Exercise is necessary for strong bones and both heart and lung health . A balance diet without a lot of fat can also help the body avoid many diseases. We should surely stop paying so much attention to weight .Simply being thin is not enough . It is actually hazardous if those who get or already are? thin think they are automatically healthy and thus free from paying attention to their overall life-style . Thinness can be pure vainglory (虚荣).

  26. In the eyes of the author an odd phenomenon nowadays is that

  A? the Duchess of Windsor is regarded as a woman of virtue

  B? looking slim is a symbol of having a large fortune

  C? being thin is viewed as a much desired quality

  D? religious people are not necessarily virtuous

  27. Swept by the prevailing trend the author

  A? had to go on a diet for the greater part of her life

  B? could still prevent herself from going off the track

  C? had to seek help from rich distant relatives

  D? had to wear highly fashionable clothes

  28. In human history? people’s views on body weight

  A? were closely related to their religious beliefs

  B? changed from time to time

  C? varied between the poor and the rich

  D? led to different moral standards

  29. The author criticizes women’s obsession with thinness

  A? from an economic and educational perspective

  B? from sociological and medical points of view

  C? from a historical and religious standpoint

  D? in the light of moral principles

  30. What’s the author’s advice to women who are absorbed in the idea of thinness?

  A? They should be more concerned with their overall lifestyle.

  B? They should be more watchful for fatal diseases.

  C? They should gain weight to look healthy.

  D? They should rid themselves of fantasies about designer clothes.

  Passage Three

  Question 31 to 35 are based on the following passage.

  War may be a natural expression of biological instincts and drives toward aggression in the human species . Natural impulses of anger hostility and territoriality (守卫地盘的天性) are expressed through acts of violence . These are all qualities that humans share with animals . Aggression is a kind of innate (天生的) survival mechanism an instinct for self-preservation that allows animals to defend themselves from threats to their existence . But on the other hand human violence shows evidence of being a learned behavior . In the case of human aggression ? violence cannot be simply reduced to an instance . The many expressions of human violence are always conditioned by social conventions that give shape to aggressive behavior . In human societies violence has a social function ? It is a strategy for creating or destroying forms of social order. Religious have taken a leading role in directing the powers of violence . We will look at the ritual and ethical (道德上的) patterns within which human violence has been directed . The violence within a society is controlled through institutions of law . The more developed a legal system becomes the more society takes responsibility for the discovery ? control ? and punishment of violent acts . In most tribal societies the only means to deal with an act of violence is revenge .Each family group may have the responsibility for personally carrying out judgment and punishment upon the person who committed the offense . But in legal systems ? the responsibility for revenge becomes depersonalized and diffused. The society assumes the responsibility for protecting individuals form violence . In cases where they cannot be protected ? the society is responsible for imposing punishment . In a state controlled legal system ? individuals are removed from the cycle of revenge motivated by motivated by acts of violence ? and the state assumes responsibility for their protection . The other side of a state legal apparatus is a state military apparatus . While the one protects the individual from violence the other sacrifices the individual to violence in the interests of the state . In war the state affirms its supreme power over the individuals within its own borders . War is not simply a trial by combat to settle disputes between states it is the moment when the state makes its most powerful demands upon its people for their commitment allegiance and supreme sacrifice . Times of war test a community’s deepest religious and ethical commitments.

  31. Human violence shows evidence of being a learned behavior in that

  A? it threatens the existing social systems

  B? it is influenced by society

  C? it has roots in religious conflicts

  D? it is directed against institutions of law

  32. The function of legal systems? according to the passage? is

  A? to control violence within a society

  B? to protect the world from chaos

  C? to free society from the idea of revenge

  D? to give the government absolute power

  33. What does the author mean by saying “... in legal systems? the responsibility for revenge becomes depersonalized and diffused”Lines 5-6?Para.2??

  A? Legal systems greatly reduce the possibilities of physical violence .

  B? Offenses against individuals are no longer judged on a personal basis .

  C? Victims of violence find it more difficult to take revenge .

  D? Punishment is not carried out directly by the individuals involved .

  34. The word “allegiance”Line 5?Para. 3? is closest in meaning to ____

  A? loyalty.

  C? survival .

  B? objective.

  D? motive .

  35. What can we learn from the last paragraph?

  A? Governments tend to abuse their supreme power in times of war.

  B? In times of war governments may extend their power across national borders.

  C? In times of war governments impose high religious and ethical standards on their people .

  D? Governments may sacrifice individuals in the interests of the state in times of war.

  Passage four

  Question 36 to 40 are based on the following passage

  ? Researches who are unfamiliar with the cultural and ethnic groups they are studying must take extra precautions to shed any biases the bring with them from their own culture. For example? they must make sure they construct measures that are meaningful for each of the cultural or ethnic minority groups being studied. In conducting research on cultural and ethnic minority issues? investigators distinguish between the emic approach and the etic approach. In the emic approach? the goal is to describe behaviour in one culture or ethnic group in terms that are meaningful and important to the people in that culture or ethnic group without regard to other cultures or ethnic groups. In the etic approach ? the goal is to describe behaviour so that generalizations can be make across cultures . If researchers construct a questionnaire in an emic fashion? their concern is only that the questions are meaningful to the particular culture or ethnic group being studied. If however the researchers construct a questionnaire in an etic fashion they want to include questions that reflect concepts familiar to all cultures involved . How might the emic and etic approaches be reflected in the study of family processes ? In the emic approach? the researchers might choose to focus only on middle-class White families ? without regard for whether the information obtained in the study can be generalized or is appropriate for ethnic minority groups. In a subsequent study? the researchers may decide to adopt an etic approach by studying not only middle-class White families? but also lower-income White families ? Black American families Spanish American families ? and Asian American families . In studying ethnic minority families minority families than in White American families. If so? the emic approach would reveal a different the researchers would likely discover that the extended family is more frequently a support system in ethnic pattern of family interaction than would the etic approach documenting that research with middle-class White families cannot always be generalized to all ethnic groups .

  36. According to the first paragraph researchers unfamiliar with the target cultures are inclined to

  A? be overcautious in constructing meaningful measures

  B? view them from their own cultural perspective

  C? guard against interference from their own culture

  D? accept readily what is alien to their own culture

  37. What does the author say about the emic approach and the etic approach?

  A? They have different research focuses in the study of ethnic issues.

  B? The former is biased while the latter is objective.

  C? The former concentrates on the study of culture while the latter on family issues.

  D? They are both beavily dependent on questionnaires in conductiong surveys.

  38. Compared with the etic approach? the emic approach is apparently more

  A? culturally interactive

  C? culturally biased

  B? culture-oriented

  D? culture-specific

  39. The etic approach is concerned with

  A? the general characteristics of minority families

  B? culture-related concepts of individual ethnic groups

  C? features shared by various cultures or ethnic groups

  D? the economic conditions of different types of famities

  40. Which of the following is true of the ethnic minority families in the U.S. according to the passage?

  A? Thein cultural patterns are usually more adaptable.

  B? Their cultural concepts are difficult to comprehend.

  C? They don't interact with each other so much as White fatnilies.

  D? They have closer family ties than White families.

  Part Ⅲ Vocabulary (20 minutes)

  Directions? There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part . For each sentence there are four choices marked A? ? B? C and D? . Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence . Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

  41. It was ____ that the restaurant discriminated against black customers.

  A? addicted B? alleged C? assaulted D? ascribed

  42. The medicine ____ his pain but did not cure his illness.

  A? activated B? alleviated C? mediated D? deteriorated

  43. He is the only person who can ____ in this case? because the other witnesses were killed mysteriously.

  A? testify B? charge C? accuse D? rectify

  44. Professor Hawking is ____ as one of the world's greatest living physicists.

  A? dignified B? clarified C? acknowledged D? illustrated

  45. The financial problem of this company is further ____ by the rise in interest rates.

  A? increased B? strengthened C? reinforced D? aggravated

  46. We shall probably never be able to ____ the exact nature of these sub-atomic particles.

  A? assert B? impart C? ascertain D? notify

  47. All the people in the stadium cheered up when they saw hundreds of colourful balloons ____ slowly into the sky.

  A? ascending B? elevating C? escalating D? lingering

  48. Many years had ____ before they returned to their original urban areas.

  A? floated B? elapsed C? skipped D? proceeded

  49. What you say now is not ____ with what you said last week.

  A? consistent B? persistent C? permanent D? insistent

  50. Military orders are ____ and cannot be disobeyed.

  A? defective B? conservative C? alternative D? imperative

  51. Some educators try to put students of similar abilities into the same class because they believe this kind of ____ grouping is advisable.

  A? homogeneous B? instantaneous C? spontaneous D? anonymous

  52. Even sensible men do ____ things sometimes.

  A? abrupt B? absurd C? acute D? apt

  53. The commission would find itself ____ at every turn if its members couldn’t reach an agreement.

  A? collided B? savaged C? crumbled D? hampered

  54. Grain production in the world is _____? but still millions go hungry.

  A? staggering B? shrinking C? soaring D? suspending

  55. He developed a ____ attitude after years of frustration in his career.

  A? sneaking B? disgusted C? drastic D? cynical

  56. They believed that this was not the ____ of their campaign for equality but merely the beginning.

  A? climax B? summit C? pitch D? maximum

  57. Several guests were waiting in the ____ for the front door to open.

  A? porch B? vent C? inlet D? entry

  58. As the mountains were covered with a _____ of cloud? we couldn’t see their tops.

  A? coating B? film C? veil D? shade

  59. We couldn’t really afford to buy a house so we got it on hire purchase and paid mothly ____.

  A? investments B? requirements C? arrangements D? installments

  60. The magician made us think he cut the girl into pieces but it was merely an _____.

  A? illusion B? impression C? image D? illumination

  61. A good education is an ____ you can fall back on for the rest of your life.

  A? asset B? ethic C? inventory D? obligation

  62. Giving a gift can convey a wealth of meaning about your appreciation of their ____ and the importance you place upon the relationship.

  A? solidarity B? priority C? superiority D? hospitality

  63. The designer has applied for a ____ for his new invention.

  A? tariff B? discount C? version D? patent

  64. The toy maker produces a ____ copy of the space station? exact in every detail.

  A? minimal B? minimum C? miniature D? minor

  65. An energy tax would curb ordinary air pollution? limit oil imports and cut the budget ____.

  A? disposition B? discrepancy C? defect D? deficit

  66. They have decided to ____ physical punishment in all local schools.

  A? put away B? break away from C? do away with D? pass away

  67. Astronauts are ____ all kinds of tests before they are actually sent up in a spacecraft.

  A? inclined to B? subjected to C? prone to D? bound to

  68. Individual sports are run by over 370 independent governing bodies whose functions usually include ____rules? holding events? selecting national teams and promoting international links.

  A? drawing on B? drawing in C? drawing up D? drawing down

  69. Up until that time? his interest had focused almost ____ on fully mastering the skills and techniques of his craft.

  A? restrictively B? radically C? inclusively D? exclusively

  70. All the ceremonies at the 2000 Olympic Games had a unique Australian flavor? ____ of their multicultural communities.

  A? noticeable B? indicative C? conspicuous D? implicit

  试卷二

  Part Ⅳ

  Directions? This part consists of a short passage. In this passage? there are altogether 10 mistakes? one in each numbered line. You may have to change a word? add a word or a word. Mark out the mistakes and put the corrections in the blanks provided. If you change a word? cross it out and write the correct word in the corresponding blank. If you add a word? put an ion mark ∧? in the right place and write the missing word in the blank. If you a word? cross it out and put a slash /? in the blank .

  Example

  Television is rapidly becoming the literature of our periods . 1.time /times / period Many of the arguments having use for the study of literature as a 2. / school subject are valid for ∧study of television . 3. the A great many cities are experiencing difficulties which are nothing new in the history of cities ? except in their scale .

  Some cities have lost their original purpose and have not found new one .And any large or rich city is going to attract poor S1____ immigrants ?who flood in ?filling with hopes of prosperity S2____ which are then often disappointing .There are backward towns on the edge of Bombay or Brasilia? just as though there were S3____ on the edge of seventeenth-century London or early nineteenth- century Paris. This is new is the scale. Descriptions S4____ written by eighteenth-century travelers of the poor of Mexico City? and the enormous contrasts that was to be found there? S5____ are very dissimilar to descriptions of Mexico City today--the S6____ poor can still be numbered in millions. The whole monstrous growth rests on economic prosperity but behind it lies two myths? the myth of the city as a S7____ promised land? that attracts immigrants from rural poverty S8____ and brings it flooding into city centers ? and the myth of the S9____ country as a Garden of Eden? which? a few generations late? S10____ sends them flooding out again to the suburbs.

  Part V Writing

  Directions ? For this part ?you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic Student Use of Computers. You should write at least 150 words ?and base your composition on the chart and the outline given below

  1.下图所示为1990年、1995年、2000年某校大学生使用计算机的情况,请描述其变化;

  2.请说明发生这些变化的原因可从计算机的用途、价格、或社会发展等发面加以说明?;

  3.你认为目前大学生在计算机使用中有什么困难或问题

  <P 2002年6月大学英语6级试题答案(更多信息请访问http://www.kuangfeng.com)

  Part I Listening Comprehension

  Section A

  1~10 A D B D B A B D C B

  Section B

  11~20 C A B C B C D D C B

  Part II Reading Comprehension

  21~30 A D C C B C A D B A

  31~40 B A D A C B A D C D

  Part Ⅲ Vocabulary

  41~50 B B A C D C A B A D

  51~60 A B D C D A A C D A

  61~70 A D D C D C B C D B

  Part IV Error Correction

  S1. ∧a

  S2. filling —— filled

  S3. 删除though

  S4. This —— What

  S5. was —— where

  S6. dissimilar —— similar or close

  S7. lies —— lie

  S8. that —— which

  S9. it —— them

  S10. late —— later

  2016年6月六级考试试卷、答案

  Part I Listening Comprehension (20 minutes)

  Section A

  Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said - Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

  Example: You will hear:

  You will read:

  A) 2 hours.

  B) 3 hours.

  C) 4 hours.

  D) 5 hours.

  From the conversation we know that the two are talking about some work they will start at 9 o’clock in the morning and have to finish at 2 in the afternoon. Therefore, D) “5 hours” is the correct answer. You should choose [A] on the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the centre.

  Sample Answer [A] [B] [C] [D]

  1. A) Riding a horse.

  B) Shooting a movie.

  C) Playing a game.

  D) Taking a photo.

  2. A) She'11 type the letter for the man.

  B) She'll teach the man to operate the computer.

  C) She doesn't think his sister is a good typist.

  D) She thinks the man should buy a computer.

  3. A) John can share the magazine with her.

  B) She wants to borrow John's card.

  C) She'll let John use the journal first.

  D) John should find another copy for himself.

  4. A) She promised to help the man.

  B) She came a long way to meet the man.

  C) She took the man to where he wanted to go.

  D) She suggested a way out of the difficulty for the man.

  5. A) The train seldom arrives on time.

  B) The schedule has been misprinted.

  C) The speakers arrived at the station late.

  D) The company has trouble printing a schedule.

  6. A) To find a better science journal in the library.

  B) Not to miss any chance to collect useful information.

  C) To buy the latest issue of the magazine.

  D) Not to subscribe to the journal.

  7. A) She wants to borrow the man's student ID card.

  B) The tickets are less expensive than she expected.

  C) She won't be able to get any discount for the ticket.

  D) The performance turned out to be disappointing.

  8. A) Do the assignments towards the end of the semester.

  B) Quit the history course and choose another one instead.

  C) Drop one course and do it next semester.

  D) Take courses with a lighter workload.

  A) The organization of a conference.

  B) The cost of renting a conference room.

  C) The decoration of the conference room.

  D) The job of cleaning up the dining-room.

  10. A) Meet his client. C) Work at his office.

  B) Prepare the dinner. D) Fix his car.

  Section B

  Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

  Passage One

  Questions 11 to 13 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  11. A) One of the bridges between North and South London collapsed.

  B) The heart of London was flooded.

  C) An emergency exercise was conducted.

  D) 100 people in the suburbs were drowned.

  12. A) 50 underground stations were made waterproof.

  B) A flood wall was built.

  C) An alarm system was set up.

  D) Rescue teams were formed.

  13. A) Most Londoners were frightened.

  B) Most Londoners became rather confused.

  C) Most Londoners took Exercise Floodcall calmly.

  D) Most Londoners complained about the trouble caused by Exercise Floodcall.

  Passage Two

  Questions 14 to 16 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  14. A) It limited their supply of food. C) It destroyed many of their nests.

  B) It made their eggshells too fragile. D) It killed many baby bald eagles.

  15. A) They found ways to speed up the reproduction of bald eagles.

  B) They developed new types of feed for baby bald eagles.

  C) They explored new ways to hatch baby bald eagles.

  D) They brought in bald eagles from Canada.

  16. A) Pollution of the environment C) Over-killing by hunters.

  B) A new generation of pest killers. D) Destruction of their natural homes.

  Passage Three

  Questions 17 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  17. A) Whether it can be detected and checked.

  B) Whether it will lead to widespread food shortage.

  C) Whether global warming will speed up in the future.

  D) Whether it will affect their own lives.

  18. A) Many species have moved further north.

  B) Many new species have come into existence.

  C) Many species have developed a habit of migration.

  D) Many species have become less sensitive to climate.

  19. A) Storms and floods. C) Less space for their growth.

  B) Disease and fire. D) Rapid increase of the animal population.

  20. A) They will gradually die out.

  B) They will be able to survive in the preserves.

  C) They will have to migrate to find new homes.

  D) They will face extinction without artificial reproduction.

  Part II Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)

  Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

  Passage One

  Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.

  In the villages of the English countryside there are still people who remember the good old days when no one bothered to lock their doors. There simply wasn't any crime to

  Amazingly, these happy times appear still to be with us in the world's biggest community. A new study by Dan Farmer, a gifted programmer, using an automated investigative program of his own called SATAN, shows that the owners of well over half of all World Wide Web sites have set up home without fitting locks to their doors.

  SATAN can try out a variety of well-known hacking (黑客的) tricks on an Internet site without actually breaking in. Farmer has made the program publicly available, amid much criticism. A person with evil intent could use it to hunt down sites that are easy to burgle (闯入……行窃).

  But Farmer is very concerned about the need to alert the public to poor security and, so far, events have proved him right. SATAN has done more to alert people to the risks than cause new disorder.

  So is the Net becoming more secure? Far from it. In the early days, when you visited a Web site your browser simply looked at the content. Now the Web is full of tiny programs that automatically download when you look at a Web page, and run on your own machine. These programs could, if their authors wished, do all kinds of nasty things to your computer.

  At the same time, the Net is increasingly populated with spiders, worms, agents and other types of automated beasts designed to penetrate the sites and seek out and classify information. All these make wonderful tools for antisocial people who want to invade weak sites and cause damage.

  But let's look on the bright side. Given the lack of locks, the Internet is surely the world's biggest (almost) crime-free society. Maybe that is because hackers are fundamentally honest. Or that there currently isn't much to steal. Or because vandalism ( 恶意破坏) isn't much fun unless you have a peculiar dislike for someone.

  Whatever the reason, let's enjoy it while we can. But expect it all to change, and security to become the number one issue, when the most influential inhabitants of the Net are selling services they want to be paid for.

  21. By saying “... owners of well over half of all World Wide Web sites have set up home without fitting locks to their doors" (Lines 3-4, Para. 2), the author means that _____.

  A) those happy times appear still to be with us

  B) there simply wasn't any crime to worry about

  C) many sites are not well-protected

  D) hackers try out tricks on an Internet site without actually breaking in

  22. SATAN, a program designed by Dan Fanner can be used ____________.

  A) to investigate the security of Internet sites

  B) to improve the security of the Internet system

  C) to prevent hackers from breaking into websites

  D) to download useful programs and information

  23. Fanner's program has been criticized by the public because.

  A) it causes damage to Net browsers

  B) it can break into Internet sites

  C) it can be used to cause disorder on all sites

  D) it can be used by people with evil intent

  24. The author's attitude toward SATAN is _____.

  A) enthusiastic C) positive

  B) critical D) indifferent

  25. The author suggests in the last paragraph that.

  A) we should make full use of the Internet before security measures are strengthened

  B) we should alert the most influential businessmen to the importance of security

  C) influential businessmen should give priority to the improvement of Net security

  D) net inhabitants should not let security measures affect their joy of surfing the Internet

  Passage Two

  Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.

  I came away from my years of teaching on the college and university level with a conviction that enactment (扮演角色), performance, dramatization are the most successful forms of teaching. Students must be incorporated, made, so far as possible, an integral part of the learning process. The notion that learning should have in it an element of inspired play would seem to the greater part of the academic establishment merely silly, but that is nonetheless the case. Of Ezekiel Cheever, the most famous schoolmaster of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, his onetime student Cotton Mather wrote that he so planned his lessons that his pupils "came to work as though they came to play," and Alfred North Whitehead, almost three hundred years later, noted that a teacher should make his/her students "glad they were there."

  Since, we are told, 80 to 90 percent of all instruction in the typical university is by the lecture method, we should give close attention to this form of education. There is, I think, much truth in Patricia Nelson Limerick's observation that "lecturing is an unnatural act, an act for which God did not design humans. It is perfectly all right, now and then, for a human to be possessed by the urge to speak, and to speak while others remain silent. But to do this regularly, one hour and 15 minutes at a time ... for one person to drag on while others sit in silence? ... I do not believe that this is what the Creator ... designed humans to do."

  The strange, almost incomprehensible fact is that many professors, just as they feel obliged to write dully, believe that they should lecture dully. To show enthusiasm is to risk appearing unscientific, unobjective; it is to appeal to the students' emotions rather than their intellect. Thus the ideal lecture is one filled with facts and read in an unchanged monotone.

  The cult (推崇) of lecturing dully, like the cult of writing dully, goes back, of course, some years. Edward Shils, professor of sociology, recalls the professors he encountered at the University of Pennsylvania in his youth. They seemed "a priesthood, rather uneven in their merits but uniform in their bearing; they never referred to anything personal. Some read from old lecture notes and then haltingly explained the thumb-worn last lines. Others lectured from cards that had served for years, to judge by the worn edges .... The teachers began on time, ended on time, and left the room without saying a word more to their students, very seldom being detained by questioners .... The classes were not large, yet there was no discussion-. No questions were raised in class, and there were no office hours."

  26. The author believes that a successful teacher should be able to _____.

  A) make dramatization an important aspect of students’ learning

  B) make inspired play an integral part of the learning process

  C) improve students' learning performance

  D) make study just as easy as play

  27. The majority of university professors prefer the traditional way of lecturing in the belief that _________________.

  A) it draws the close attention of the students

  B) it conforms in a way to the design of the Creator

  C) it presents course content in a scientific and objective manner

  D) it helps students to comprehend abstract theories more easily

  28. What the author recommends in this passage is that _________.

  A) college education should be improved through radical measures

  B) more freedom of choice should be given to students in their studies

  C) traditional college lectures should be replaced by dramatized performances

  D) interaction should be encouraged in the process of teaching

  29. By saying "They seemed 'a priesthood, rather uneven in their merits but uniform in their bearing...'" (Lines 3-4, Para. 4), the author means that _____.

  A) professors are a group of professionals that differ in their academic ability but behave in the same way

  B) professors are like priests wearing the same kind of black gown but having different roles to play

  C) there is no fundamental difference between professors and priests though they differ in their merits

  D) professors at the University of Pennsylvania used to wear black suits which made them look like priests

  30. Whose teaching method is particularly commended by the author?

  A) Ezekiel Cheever's. C) Alfred North Whitehead's.

  B) Cotton Mather's. D) Patricia Nelson Limerick's.

  Passage Three

  Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage.

  Take the case of public education alone. The principal difficulty faced by the schools has been he tremendous increase in the number of pupils. This has been caused by the advance of the legal age for going into industry and the impossibility of finding a job even when the legal age has been reached. In view of the technological improvements in the last few years, business will require in he future proportionately fewer workers than ever before. The result will be still further raising of he legal age for going into employment, and still further difficulty in finding employment when hat age has been attained. If we cannot put our children to work, we must put them in school.

  We may also be quite confident that the present trend toward a shorter day and a shorter week will be maintained. We have developed and shall continue to have a new leisure class. Already the public agencies for adult education are swamped by the tide that has swept over them since depression began. They will be little better off when it is over. Their support must come from the taxpayer.

  It is surely too much to hope that these increases in the cost of public education can be borne by the local communities. They cannot care for the present restricted and inadequate system. The local communities have failed in their efforts to cope with unemployment. They cannot expect to cope with public education on the scale on which we must attempt it. The answer to the problem of unemployment has been Federal relief. The answer to the problem of public education may have to be much the same, and properly so. If there is one thing in which the citizens of all parts of the country have an interest, it is in the decent education of the citizens of all parts of the country. Our income tax now goes in part to keep our neighbors alive. It may have to go in part as well to make our neighbors intelligent. We are now attempting to preserve the present generation through Federal relief of the destitute (贫民). Only a people determined to ruin the next generation will refuse such Federal funds as public education may require.

  31. What is the passage mainly about?

  A) How to persuade local communities to provide more funds.

  B) How to cope with the shortage of funds for public education.

  C) How to solve the rising unemployment problem.

  D) How to improve the public education system.

  32. What is the reason for the increase in the number of students?

  A) The requirement of educated workers by business.

  B) Raising of the legal age for going to work.

  C) The trend toward a shorter workday.

  D) People's concern for the future of the next generation.

  33. The public agencies for adult education will be little better off because _____.

  A) the unemployed are too poor to continue their education

  B) a new leisure class has developed

  C) they are still suffering from the depression

  D) an increase in taxes could be a problem

  34. According to the author, the answer to the problem of public education is that the Federal government _____. .

  A) should allocate Federal funds for public education

  B) should demand that local communities provide support

  C) should raise taxes to meet the needs of public education

  D) should first of all solve the problem of unemployment

  35. Why does the author say "Only a people determined to ruin the next generation will refuse such Federal funds as public education may require" (Lines 10-11, Para. 3)?

  A) Only by appropriating adequate Federal funds for education can the next generation have a bright future.

  B) Citizens of all parts of the country agree that the best way to support education is to use Federal funds.

  C) people all over the country should make contributions to education in the interest of the next generation.

  D) Educated people are determined to use part of the Federal funds to help the poor.

  Passage Four

  Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage.

  A new high-performance contact lens under development at the department for applied physics at the University of Heidelberg will not only correct ordinary vision defects but will enhance normal night vision as much as five times, making people's vision sharper than that of cats.

  Bille and his team work with an optical instrument called an active mirror — a device used in astronomical telescopes to spot newly emerging stars and far distant galaxies. Connected to a wave-front sensor that tracks and measures the course of a laser beam into the eye and back, the aluminum mirror detects the deficiencies of the cornea, the transparent protective layer covering the lens of the human eye. The highly precise data from the two instruments — which, Bille hopes, will one day be found at the opticians (眼镜商) all over the world — serve as a basis for the production of completely individualized contact lenses that correct and enhance the wearer's vision.

  By day, Bille's contact lenses will focus rays of light so accurately on the retina (视网膜)that the image of a small leaf or the outline of a far distant tree will be formed with a sharpness that surpasses that of conventional vision aids by almost half a diopter ( 屈光度). At night, the lenses have an even greater potential. "Because the new lens — in contrast to the already existing ones — also works when it's dark and the pupil is wide open," says Bille, "lens wearers will be able to identify a face at a distance of 100 meters" — 80 meters farther than they would normally be able to see. In his experiments night vision was enhanced by an even greater factor: in semi-darkness, test subjects could see up to 15 times better than without the lenses.

  Bille's lenses are expected to reach the market in the year 2000, and one tentative plan is to use the Internet to transmit information on patients' visual defects from the optician to the manufacturer, who will then produce and mail the contact lenses within a couple of days. The physicist expects the lenses to cost about a dollar a pair, about the same as conventional one-day disposable lenses.

  36. The new contact lens is meant for _____________.

  A) astronomical observations C) those with vision defects

  B) the night blind D) optical experiments

  37. What do the two instruments mentioned in the second paragraph (Line 5) refer to?

  A) The astronomical telescope and the wave-front sensor.

  B) The aluminum mirror and the laser beam.

  C) The active mirror and the contact lens.

  D) The aluminum mirror and the wave-front sensor.

  38. Individualized contact lenses (Line 7, Para. 2) are lenses designed _____.

  A) to work like an astronomical telescope

  B) to suit the wearer's specific needs

  C) to process extremely accurate data

  D) to test the wearer's eyesight

  39. According to Bille, with the new lenses the wearer's vision _____.

  A) will be far better at night than in the daytime

  B) may be broadened about 15 times than without them

  C) can be better improved in the daytime than at night

  D) will be sharper by a much greater degree at night than in the daytime

  40. Which of the following is true about Bille's lenses?

  A) Their production process is complicated.

  B) They will be sold at a very low price.

  C) They have to be replaced every day.

  D) Purchase orders can be made through the Internet.

  Part III Vocabulary (20 minutes)

  Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

  41. In November 1987 the government _____ a public debate on the future direction of the official sports policy.

  A) initiated C) induced

  B) designated D) promoted

  42. I found it difficult to _____ my career ambitions with the need to bring up my children.

  A) consolidate C) reconcile

  B) amend D Intensify

  43. We all enjoy our freedom of choice and do not like to see it_____ when it is within the legal and moral boundaries of society.

  A) compacted C) dispersed

  B) restricted D)delayed

  44. It is fortunate for the old couple that their son's career goals and their wishes for him _____.

  A) coincide C) conform

  B) comply D) collaborate

  45. Allen will soon find out that real life is seldom as simple as it is _____ in commercials.

  A) permeated C) depicted

  B) alleged D) drafted

  46. Europe's earlier industrial growth was _____ by the availability of key resources, abundant and cheap labor, coal, iron ore, etc.

  A) constrained C) remained

  B) detained D) sustained

  47. As the trial went on, the story behind the murder slowly _____ itself.

  A) convicted C) haunted

  B) released D) unfolded

  48. We’ve just installed a fan to _________________ cooking smells from the kitchen.

  A) eject C) expel

  C) exclude D) exile

  49. Retirement is obviously a very complex _____ period; and the earlier you start planning for it, the better.

  A) transformation C) transaction

  B) transmission D) transition

  50. Mutual respect for territorial _____is one of the bases upon which our two countries develop relationships.

  A) unity C) entirety

  B) integrity D) reliability

  51. As one of the youngest professors in the university, Mr. Brown is certainly on the _____ of a brilliant career.

  A) porch C) course

  B) edge D) threshold

  52. We work to make money, but it's a _____ that people who work hard and long often do not make the most money.

  A) paradox c) dilemma

  B) prejudice D) conflict

  53. The design of this auditorium shows a great deal of _____. We have never seen such a building before.

  A) invention C) originality

  B) illusion D) orientation

  54. The damage to my car was _____. in the accident, but I have a lingering fear even today.

  A) insufficient C) ambiguous

  B) ignorant D) negligible

  55. Very few people could understand the lecture the professor delivered because its subject was very_____.

  A) obscure C) dubious

  B) indefinite D) intriguing

  56. Diamonds have little __________ value and their price depends almost entirely on their scarcity.

  A) intrinsic

  B) eternal

  C) subtle

  D) inherent

  57. Doctors are interested in using lasers as a surgical tool in operations on people who are _____ to heart attack.

  A) infectious C) accessible

  B) disposed D) prone

  58. Many countries have adopted systems of_____ education in order to promote the average level of education.

  A) compulsory C) constrained

  B) cardinal D) conventional

  59. I had eaten Chinese food often, but I could not have imagined how_____ and extravagant a real Chinese banquet could be,

  A) prominent C) handsome

  B) fabulous D) gracious

  60. They are _____ investors who always make thorough investigations both on local and international markets before making an investment.

  A) implicit C) cautious

  B) conscious D) indecisive

  61. In addition to the rising birthrate and immigration, the _____death rate contributed to the population growth.

  A) inclining C) declining

  B) increasing D) descending

  62. Because of the _____ noise of traffic I couldn't get to sleep last night.

  A) prevalent C) provocative

  B) perpetual D) progressive

  63. Don't let such a _____ matter as this come between us so that we can concentrate on the major issue.

  A) trivial C) partial

  B) slight D) minimal

  64. If you go to the park every day in the morning, you will _____ find him doing physical exercise there.

  A) ordinarily C) logically

  B) variably D) persistently

  65. Although she's a(n) _______________talented dancer, she still practices several hours every day.

  A) traditionally

  B) additionally

  C) exceptionally

  D) rationally

  66. The cut in her hand has healed completely, without leaving a.

  A) defect C) wound

  B) sign D) scar

  67. The idea is to ___________ the frequent incidents of collision to test the strength of the wind-shields.

  A) assemble

  B) simulate

  C) accumulate

  D) forge

  68. Most people in the modem world ________________ freedom and independence more than anything else.

  A) embody

  B) cherish

  C) fascinate

  D) illuminate

  69.1 told him that I would _____________ him to act for me while I was away from office..

  A) authorize

  B) justify

  C) rationalize

  D) identify

  70. Over the past ten years, natural gas production has remained steady, but _______________ has risen steadily.

  A) dissipation C) consumption

  B) disposal D) expenditure

  Part IV Error Correction (15 minute)

  Directions: This part consists of a short passage. In this passage, there are altogether 10 mistakes, one in each numbered line. You may have to change a word, add a word or a word. Mark out the mistakes and put the corrections in the blanks provided. If you change a word, cross it out and write the correct word in the corresponding blank. If you add a word, put an ion mark ( ) in the right place and write the missing word in the blank. If you a word, cross it out and put a slash (/) in the blank.

  The Seattle Times Company is one newspaper firm that

  has recognized the need for change and done something about

  it. In the newspaper industry, papers must reflect the diversity

  of the communities to which they provide information.

  It must reflect that diversity with their news coverage or risk S1.____________

  losing their readers' interest and their advertisers' support.

  Operating within Seattle, which has 20 percents racial S2. ___________

  minorities, the paper has put into place policies an

  d procedures for hiring and maintain a diverse workforce. The S3. __________

  underlying reason for the change is that for information to be

  fair, appropriate, and subjective, it should be reported by the S4. ____________

  same kind of population that reads it.

  A diversity committee composed of reporters, editors, and

  photographers meets regularly to value the Seattle Times’ S5. ____________

  content and to educate the rest of the newsroom staff about

  diversity issues. In an addition, the paper instituted a content S6. ____________

  audit (审查) that evaluates the frequency and manner of

  representation of woman and people of color in photographs. S7. _____________

  Early audits showed that minorities were pictured far too

  infrequently and were pictured with a disproportion

  ate number of negative articles. The audit results from S8. _____________

  improvement in the frequency of majority representation and S9. _____________

  their portrayal in neutral or positive situations. And, with a S10. ____________

  result, the Seattle Times has improved as a newspaper.

  The diversity training and content audits helped the Seattle

  Times Company to win the Personnel Journal Optimal Award

  for excellence in managing change.

  Part V

  Writing Changes on State-owned Houses and Private Houses of China

  答案:

  Part I. Listening Comprehension

  1-10 D B A C A D C C B A

  11-20 C B C B D D D A B C

  Tapescripts:

  1. W: Raise your hat a little bit and hold the saddle and smile a little. You look wonderful posing like that. Shall I press the shutter?

  M: Wait a minute. Let me put on a cowboy hat.

  Q: What are the speakers doing?

  2. M: I’m still waiting for my sister to come back and type the application letter for me.

  W: Why bother her? I’ll show you how to use the computer. It’s quite easy?

  Q: What does the woman mean?

  3. M: Hey, where did you find the journal? I need it, too.

  W: Right here on the shelf. Don’t worry, John. I’ll take it out on my card for both of us.

  Q: What does the woman mean?

  4. M: Thank you for your helpful assistance. Otherwise, I’d surely have missed it. The place is so out of the way.

  W: It was a pleasure meeting you. Good-bye.

  Q: Why does the man thank the woman?

  5. W: We are informed that the 11:30 train is late again.

  M: Why did the railway company even bother to print a schedule?

  Q: What do we learn from the conversation?

  6. M: Maybe I ought to subscribe to the Engineering Quarterly. It contains a lot of useful information.

  W: Why not read it in the library and save the money?

  Q: What is the woman advice to the man?

  7. M: I’ve been waiting all week for this concert. The performance is said to be excellent. And with our student discount, the tickets will be real cheap.

  W: Ah ah…I’m afraid I left my student ID card in the dorm.

  Q: What does the woman imply?

  8. M: Mr. Smith, our history professor, announced that we would be doing two papers and three exams this semester. I wonder how I’m going to pour through when other courses have similar requirements.

  W: Well, can’t you drop one course and pick it up the next semester?

  Q: What does the woman suggest the man do?

  9. W: Renting the conference room at the hotel will cost us too much. We’re already running in the red.

  M: How about using our dining room for the meeting?

  Q: What’s worrying the woman?

  10.W: Jerry, can you pick me up after work today? I left my car at the garage.

  M: I’m afraid I can’t. I’ve scheduled an appointment with a client at dinner time.

  Q: What is the man going to do?

  Part II Reading Comprehension

  21. C 22.A 23. D 24. C 25. C

  26. B 27. C 28. D 29. A 30. A

  31. B 32. B 33. B 34. A 35. C

  36. C 37. D 38. B 39. D 40. B

  Part III Vocabulary

  41. A 42. C 43. B 44. A 45. C 46. D 47. D 48. C 49. D 50. B

  51. D 52. A 53. C 54. D 55. A 56. A 57. D 58. A 59. C 60. C

  61. C 62. B 63. A 64. B 65. C 66. D 67. B 68. B 69. A 70. C

  Part IV Error Correction

  S1. it-they

  S2. percents-percent

  S3. maintain-maintaining

  S4. subjective-objective

  S5. meets- meet

  S6. 去掉an___

  S7. woman-women

  S8. from- in

  S9. majority-minority

  S10. with-as

  Part V. 参考例文

  Ownership of Houses in a Big City in China

  As can be seen from the chart, ownership of houses in Beijing has significantly changed in the 1990s. In 1990, 75 percent of the houses were state-owned. Five years later, the ratio of state-owned houses to private ones was 60 to 40. But from then on, the ownership changed dramatically and by the end of the century, 80 percent of houses were private.

  There might have been two main reasons. One of the reasons was the policy of the government. In the 1990s, China carried on with its reform policy and the government called for privatization of the sate-owned estate. But it took time for the reform to come into effect. But from 1995 on when people have recognized its significance, the reformation took bigger steps. Another reason was that the people were getting better off and they could afford buying their own houses.

  Such changes have had great impact on individuals as well as the society. On one hand, the individuals must save money to buy an apartment or to pay the mortgage. On the other hand, a heaven burden has been taken off the government so that it can take more effective measures to improve people’s life.

  2016年6月六级B卷考试试题、答案

  Part I Listening Comprehension (20 minutes)

  Section A

  Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question the re will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

  Example: You will hear:

  You will read:

  A) 2 hours.

  B) 3 hours.

  C) 4 hours.

  D) 5 hours.

  From the conversation we know that the two are talking about some work they will start at 9 o'clock in the morning and have to finish by 2 in the afternoon.

  Therefore, D) "5 hours" is the correct answer. You should choose [D] on the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the centre.

  Sample Answer [A] [B [C] [D]

  1. A) Dick has bad taste in clothes.

  B) The color of Dick's jacket is too dark.

  C) Dick's trousers don't match his jacket.

  D) Dick looks funny in that yellow jacket.

  2. A) Get the wallet for the man.

  B) Call the police station

  C) Show the man her family pictures.

  D) Ask to see the man's driver's license.

  3. A) She is afraid the new epidemic SARS will soon spread all over town.

  B) The temperature is not as high as the man claims.

  C) The room will get cool if the man opens the windows.

  D) She is following instructions not to use the air-conditioning.

  4. A) She was never persistent in anything she did.

  B) She had a unique way of staying healthy.

  C) She stopped exercising two years ago.

  D) She lost a lot of weight in two years.

  5. A) The application arrived a week earlier than expected.

  B) The job has been given to someone else.

  C) The man is not suitable for the position,

  D) She had received only one application letter.

  6. A) He thinks his mother should get the clothes back.

  B) He will go before the laundry is closed.

  C) He's unwilling to fetch the laundry.

  D) He has already picked up the laundry.

  7. A)At an international trade fair.

  B) At an electronics company

  C) At a DVD counter in a music store.

  D) At a shopping center

  8. A) The woman regrets going to the movie.

  B) The woman prefers light movies before sleep.

  C) The woman saw a comedy instead of a horror movie.

  D) The woman hated the man talking throughout the movie.

  9. A) He is a man with professional expertise.

  B) He is not likely to get the job.

  C) He is not easy to get along with.

  D) He is the fight man to get the job done.

  10. A) It is a very good place to relax.

  B) It should revolutionize its technology.

  C) It should change its concept of operation.

  D) It is being forced out of the entertainment industry.

  Section B

  Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choice marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

  Passage One

  Questions 11 to 13 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  11. A) He was the most distinguished diplomat in American history.

  B) He set up the first university in America.

  C) He was one of the earliest settlers in America.

  D) He can best represent the spirit of early America.

  12. A) He represented Washington in negotiations with Britain.

  B) He provided Washington with a lot of money.

  C) He persuaded France to support Washington.

  D) He served as a general in Washington's army.

  13. A) As one of the founding fathers of the United States.

  B) As one of the greatest American scholars.

  C) As one of America's most ingenious inventors.

  D) As one of the most famous activists for human rights.

  Passage Two

  Questions 14 to 17 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  14. A) Because we might meet many successful executives in the media industry.

  B) Because we might be offered a dish of insects.

  C) Because nothing but freshly cooked insects are served

  D) Because some yuppies like to horrify guests with insects as food.

  15. A)On the Internet.

  B) In the supermarket.

  C)In the seafood market.

  D) From yuppie clubs.

  16. A) It's safe to eat.

  B) It's easy to prepare

  C) It's exotic in appearance.

  D) It's tasty and healthful.

  17. A) It is unlikely to be enjoyed by most People.

  B) It will have to be changed to suit local tastes.

  C) It will become the first course at dinner parties.

  D) It will be consumed by more and more young people.

  Passage Three

  Questions 18 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  18. A) They don't have enough service windows.

  B) Their business hours are limited. ,,

  C) Their safety measures are inadequate.

  D) Their banking procedures are complicated.

  19. A) People who have computers at home.

  B) Young people who are fond of modern technology.

  C) Young people who are wealthy and well-educated.

  D) People who are in the habit of switching from one bank to another.

  20. A) To provide services for distant clients.

  B) To compete for customers.

  C) To reduce the size of their staff.

  D) To expand their operations at a lower cost.

  Part II Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)

  Directions: There tire 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the, Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

  Passage One

  Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.

  Given the lack of fit between gifted students and their schools, it is not surprising that such students often have little good to say 'about their school experience. In one study of 400 adults who had achieved distinction in all areas of life, researchers found that three-fifths of these individuals either did badly in school or were unhappy in school. Few MacArthur Prize fellows, winners of the MacArthur Award for creative accomplishment, had good things to say about their precollegiate schooling if they had not been placed in advanced programs. Anecdotal ( 名人轶事) reports support this. Pablo Picasso, Charles Darwin, Mark Twain, Oliver Goldsmith, and William Butler Yeats all disliked school. So did Winston Churchill, who almost failed out of Harrow, an elite British school. About Oliver Goldsmith, one of his teachers remarked, "Never was so dull a boy." Often these children realize that they know more than their teachers, and their teachers often feel that these children are arrogant, inattentive, or unmotivated.

  Some of these gifted people may have done poorly in school because their gifts were not scholastic. Maybe we can account for Picasso in this way. But most fared poorly in school not because they lacked ability but because they found school unchallenging and consequently lost interest. Yeats described the lack of fit between his mind and school: "Because I had found it difficult to attend to anything less interesting than my own thoughts, I was difficult to teach." As noted earlier, gifted children of all kinds tend to be strong-willed nonconformists. Nonconformity

  and stubbornness (and Yeats's level of arrogance and self-absorption) are likely to lead to Conflicts with teachers.

  When highly gifted students in any domain talk about what was important to the development of their abilities, they are far more likely to mention their families than their schools or teachers. A writing prodigy (神童) studied by David Feldman and Lynn Goldsmith was taught far more about writing by his journalist father than his English teacher. High-IQ children, in Australia studied by Miraca Gross had much more positive feelings about their families than their schools. About half of the mathematicians studied by Benjamin Bloom had little good to say about school. They all did well in school and took honors classes when available, and some skipped grades.

  21. The main point the author is making about schools is that .

  A) they should enroll as many gifted students as possible

  B) they should organize their classes according to the students' ability

  C) they are often incapable of catering to the needs of talented students

  D) they should satisfy the needs of students from different family backgrounds

  22. The author quotes the remarks of one of Oliver Goldsmith's teachers .

  A) to show how poor Oliver's performance was at school

  B) to illustrate the strong will of some gifted children

  C) to explain how dull students can also be successful

  D) to provide support for his argument

  23. Pablo Picasso is listed among the many gifted children who .

  A) could not cope with their studies at school successfully

  B) paid no attention to their teachers in class

  C) contradicted their teachers much too often

  D) behaved arrogantly and stubbornly in the presence of their teachers

  24. Many gifted people attributed their success .

  A) less to their systematic education than to their talent

  B) mainly to parental help and their education at home

  C) both to school instruction and to their parents' coaching

  D) more to their parents' encouragement than to school training

  25. The root cause of many gifted students having bad memories of their school years is that .

  A) they were seldom praised by their teachers

  B) school courses failed to inspire or motivate them

  C) their nonconformity brought them a lot of trouble

  D) teachers were usually far stricter than their parents

  Passage Two

  Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.

  It's hardly news that the immigration system is a mess. Foreign nationals have long been slipping across the border with fake papers, and visitors who arrive in the U.S. legitimately often overstay their legal welcome without being punished. But since Sept. 11, it's become clear that terrorists have been shrewdly factoring the weaknesses of our system into their plans. In addition to their mastery of forging passports, at least three of the 19 Sept. 11 hijackers (劫机者) were here on expired visas. That's been a safe bet until now. The Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) ( 移民归化局 ) lacks the resources, and apparently the inclination, to keep track of the estimated 2 million foreigners who have intentionally overstayed their welcome.

  But this laxness (马虎) toward immigration fraud may be about to change. Congress has already taken some modest steps. The U.S.A. Patriot Act, passed in the wake of the Sept. 11 tragedy, requires the FBI, the Justice Department, the State Department and the INS to share more data, which will make it easier to stop watch-listed terrorists at the border.

  But what's really needed, critics say, is even tougher laws and more resources aimed at tightening up border security. Reformers are calling for a rollback of rules that hinder law enforcement. They also want the INS to hire hundreds more border patrol agents and investigators to keep illegal immigrants out and to track them down once they're here. Reformers also want to see the INS set up a database to monitor whether visa holders actually leave the country when they are required to.

  All these proposed changes were part of a new border-security bill that passed the House of Representatives but died in the Senate last week. Before Sept. 11, legislation of this kind had been blocked by two powerful lobbies: universities, which rely on tuition from foreign students who could be kept out by the new law, and business, which relies on foreigners for cheap labor. Since the attacks, they've backed off. The bill would have passed this time but for congressional maneuverings and is expected to be reintroduced and to pass next year.

  Also on the agenda for next year: a proposal, backed by some influential law-makers, to split the INS into two agencies - a good cop that would tend to service functions like processing citizenship papers and a bad cop that would concentrate on border inspections, deportation and other functions. One reason for the division, supporters say, is that the INS has in recent years become too focused on serving tourists and immigrants. After the Sept. l 1 tragedy, the INS should pay more attention to serving the millions of ordinary Americans who rely on the nation's border security to protect them from terrorist attacks.

  26. Terrorists have obviously taken advantage of .

  A) the irresponsibility of the officials at border checkpoints

  B) the legal privileges granted to foreigners

  C) the excessive hospitality of the American people

  D) the low efficiency of the Immigration and Naturalization Service

  27. We learn from the passage that coordinated efforts will be made by various U.S. government agencies to .

  A) limit the number Of immigrants to the U.S.

  B) prevent the forgery of immigration papers

  C) ward off terrorist suspects at the border

  D). refuse the renewing of expired visas

  28. It can be inferred from the passage that before Sept. 11, aliens with expired visas .

  A) might stay on for as long as [hey wished

  B) would be closely watched by FBI agents

  C) would live in constant fear of deportation

  D) might have them extended without trouble

  29. It is believed by many that all these years the INS .

  A) has been serving two contradictory functions '

  B) has ignored the pleas of the two powerful lobbies

  C) has over-emphasized its service functions at the expense of the nation's security

  D) has been too liberal in granting visas to tourists and immigrants indiscriminately

  30. Before Sept. 11, the U.S. Congress had been unable to pass stricter immigration laws because .

  A) education and business circles cared little about national security

  B) resources were not available for their enforcement

  C) it was difficult to coordinate the efforts of the congressmen

  D) they might have kept away foreign students and cheap labor

  Passage Three

  Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage.

  It was the worst tragedy in maritime (航海的) history, six times more deadly than the Titanic.

  When the German cruise ship Wilhelm Gustloff was hit by torpedoes (鱼雷) fired from a Russian submarine in the final winter of World War II, more than 10,000 people - mostly women, children and old people fleeing the final Red Army push into Nazi Germany - were packed aboard. An ice storm had turned the decks into frozen sheets that sent hundreds of families sliding into the sea as the ship tilted and began to go down. Others desperately tried to put lifeboats down. Some who succeeded fought off those in the water who had the strength to try to claw their way aboard. Most people froze immediately. I’ll never forget the screams," says Christa Ntitzmann, 87, one of the 1,200 survivors. She recalls watching the ship, brightly lit, slipping into its dark grave - and into seeming nothingness, rarely mentioned for more than half a century.

  Now Germany's Nobel Prize-winning author Gtinter Grass has revived the memory of the 9,000 dead, including more than 4,000 children - with his latest novel Crab Walk, published last month. The book, which will be out in English next year, doesn't dwell on the sinking; its heroine is a pregnant young woman who survives the catastrophe only to say later: "Nobody wanted to hear about it, not here in the West (of Germany) and not at all in the East." The reason was obvious. As Grass put it in a recent interview with the weekly Die Woche: "Because the crimes we Germans are responsible for were and are so dominant, we didn't have the energy left to tell of our own sufferings.''

  The long silence about the sinking of the Wilhelm Gustloff was probably unavoidable - and necessary. By unreservedly owning up to their country's monstrous crimes in the Second World War, Germans have managed to win acceptance abroad, marginalize ( 使...不得势 ) the neo- Nazis at home and make peace with their neighbors. Today's unified Germany is more prosperous and stable than at any time in its long, troubled history. For that, a half century of willful forgetting about painful memories like the German Titanic was perhaps a reasonable price to pay. But even the most politically correct Germans believe that they' ye now earned the right to discuss the full historical record. Not to equate German suffering with that of its victims, but simply to acknowledge a terrible tragedy.

  31. Why does the author say the sinking of the Wilhelm Gustloff was the worst tragedy in maritime history?

  A) It was attacked by Russian torpedoes.

  B) It caused the largest number of casualties.

  C) Most of its passengers were frozen to death.

  D) Its victims were mostly women and children.

  32. Hundreds of families dropped into the sea when .

  A) the badly damaged ship leaned toward one side

  B) a strong ice storm tilted the ship

  C) the cruise ship sank all of a sudden

  D) the frightened passengers fought desperately for lifeboats

  33. The Wilhelm Gustloff tragedy was little talked about for more than half a century because Germans .

  A) were eager to win international acceptance

  B) had been pressured to keep silent about it

  C) were afraid of offending their neighbors

  D) felt guilty for their crimes in World War II

  34. How does Gunter Grass revive the memory of the Wilhelm Gustloff tragedy?

  A) By describing the ship's sinking in great detail.

  B) By giving an interview to the weekly Die Woche.

  C) By presenting the horrible scene of the torpedo attack.

  D) By depicting the survival of a young pregnant woman.

  35. It can be learned from the passage that Germans no longer think that .

  A) the Wilhelm Gustloff tragedy is a reasonable price to pay for the nation's past misdeeds

  B) Germany is responsible for the horrible crimes it committed in World War II

  C) they will be misunderstood if they talk about the Wilhelm Gustloff tragedy

  D) it-is wrong to equate their sufferings with those of other countries

  Passage Four

  Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage.

  When we worry about who might be spying on our private lives, we usually think about the Federal agents. But the private sector outdoes the government every time. It's Linda Tripp, not the FBI, who is facing charges under Maryland's laws against secret telephone taping. It's our banks, not the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), that pass our private financial data to telemarketing firms.

  Consumer activists are pressing Congress for better privacy laws without much result so far. The legislators lean toward letting business people track our financial habits virtually at will.

  As an example of what's going on, consider U.S. Bancorp, which was recently sued for deceptive practices by the state of Minnesota. According to the lawsuit, the bank supplied a telemarketer called Member Works with sensitive customer data such as names, phone numbers, bank-account and credit-card numbers, Social Security numbers, account balances and credit limits.

  With these customer lists in hand, Member Works started dialing for dollars - selling dental plans, videogames, computer software and other products and services. Customers who accepted a "free trial offer" had, 30 days to cancel. If the deadline passed, they were charged automatically through their bank or credit-card accounts. U.S. Bancorp collected a share of the revenues ...

  Customers were doubly deceived, the lawsuit claims. They. didn't know that the bank was giving account numbers to MemberWorks. And if customers asked, they were led to think the answer was no.

  The state sued MemberWorks separately for deceptive selling. The company denies that it did anything wrong. For its part, U.S. Bancorp settled without admitting any mistakes. But it agreed to stop exposing its customers to nonfinancial products sold by outside firms. A few top banks decided to do the same. Many other banks will still do business with MemberWorks and similar firms.

  And banks will still be mining data from your account in order to sell you financial products, including things of little value, such as credit insurance and credit-card protection plans.

  You have almost no protection from businesses that use your personal accounts for profit. For example, no federal law shields "transaction and experience" information - mainly the details of your bank and credit-card accounts. Social Security numbers are for sale by private firms. They've generally agreed not to sell to the public. But to businesses, the numbers are an open book. Self-regulation doesn't work. A firm might publish a privacy-protection policy, but who enforces it?

  Take U.S. Bancorp again. Customers were told, in writing, that "all personal information you supply to us will be considered confidential." Then it sold your data to MemberWorks. The bank even claims that it doesn't "sell" your data at all. It merely "shares" it and reaps a profit. Now you know.

  36. Contrary to popular belief, the author finds that spying on people's privacy .

  A) is practiced exclusively by the FBI

  B) is more prevalent in business circles

  C) has been intensified with the help of the IRS

  D) is mainly carried out by means of secret taping

  37. We know from the passage that .

  A) the state of Minnesota is considering drawing up laws to protect private information

  B) most states are turning a blind eye to the deceptive practices of private businesses

  C) legislators are acting to pass a law to provide better privacy protection

  D) lawmakers are inclined to give a free hand to businesses to inquire into customers' buying habits

  38. When the "free trial" deadline is over, you'll be charged without notice for a product or service if .

  A) you happen to reveal your credit card number

  B) you fail to cancel it within the specified period

  C) you fail to apply for extension of the deadline

  D) you find the product or service unsatisfactory

  39. Businesses do not regard information concerning personal bank accounts as private because .

  A) it is considered "transaction and experience" information unprotected by law

  B) it has always been considered an open secret by the general public

  C) its sale can be brought under control through self-regulation

  D) its revelation will do no harm to consumers under the current protection policy

  40. We can infer from the passage that .

  A) banks will have to change their ways of doing business

  B) "free trial" practice will eventually be banned

  C) privacy protection laws will soon be enforced

  D) consumers' privacy will continue to be invaded

  Part HI Vocabulary (20 minutes)

  Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

  41. For many years the Japanese have the car market.

  A) operated C) presided

  B) occupied D) dominated

  42. The bank is offering a to anyone who can give information about the robbery.

  A) prize C) bonus

  B) reward D) compliment

  43. His illness first itself as severe stomach pains and headaches.

  A) manifested C) expressed

  B) displayed D) reflected

  44. These continual in temperature make it impossible to decide what to wear.

  A) fluctuations C) transitions

  B) transformations D) exchanges

  45. Before we move, we should some of the old furniture, so that we can have more room in the new house.

  A) cancel C) discard

  B) conceal D) dissipate

  46. As we know, computers are used to store and information efficiently.

  A) reclaim C) reconcile

  B) reassure D) retrieve

  47. It is a(n) that the French eat so much rich food and yet have a relatively low rate of heart disease.

  A) paradox C) analogy

  B) correlation D) illusion

  48. The police are trying to what really happened.

  A) assert C) ascertain

  B) avert D) ascribe

  49. The they felt for each other was obvious to everyone who saw them.

  A) adherence C) sensitivity

  B) affection D) sensibility

  50. The relatives of those killed in the crash got together to seek .

  A) compensation C) premium

  B) refund D) repayment

  51. He tried to hide his patch by sweeping his hair over to one side.

  A) bleak C) bald

  B) barren D) bare

  52. Years after the accident he was still________ by images of death and destruction.

  A) submerged C) twisted

  B) dipped D) haunted

  53. In spite of the________ , it seemed that many of the invited guests would still show up.

  A) comparison C) distinction

  B) controversy D) deviation

  54. The government ________ a heavy tax on tobacco, which aroused opposition from the tobacco industry.

  A) imposed C) prescribed

  B) complied D) pronounced

  55. The subject of safety must be placed at the top of the ________.

  A) routine C) agenda

  B) bulletin D) timetable

  56. The old couple now still ________ for their beloved son, 30 years after his death.

  A) mourn C) cherish

  B) groan D) immerse

  57. The post-World War II baby resulted in a 43 percent increase in the number of teenagers ________ in the 1960s and 1970s.

  A) production C) prosperity

  B) boost D) boom

  58. High grades are supposed to ________ academic ability, but John's actual performance did not confirm this.

  A) clarify C) certify

  B) classify D) notify

  59. You cannot imagine how I feel ________ with my duties sometimes.

  A) overthrown C) overflowed

  B) overwhelmed D) overturned

  60. Coffee is the ________ of this district and brings local farmers a lot of money.

  A) elite C) spice

  B) majority D) staple

  61. Although he was on a diet, the delicious food ________ him enormously.

  A) distracted C) tempted

  B) stimulated D) inspired

  62. When construction can begin depends on how soon the ________ of the route is completed.

  A) survey C) orientation

  B) identity D) conviction

  63. He said that ending the agreement would ________ the future of small or family-run shops, lead to fewer books being published and increase prices of all but a few bestsellers.

  A) venture C) legalize

  B) jeopardize D) expose

  64. The boxer ________ and almost fell when his opponent hit him.

  A) scattered C) staggered

  B) shattered D) stamped

  65. At first everything went well with the project but recently we have had a number of ________ with the machinery.

  A) disturbances C) outputs

  B) distortions D) setbacks

  66. Anyone not paying the registration fee by the end of this month will be ________ to have withdrawn from the program.

  A) deemed C) contemplated

  B) anticipated D) acknowledged

  67. It is generally known that New York is a city for ________ and a center for odd bits of information.

  A) veterans C) victims

  B) eccentrics D) pedestrians

  68. In mountainous regions, much of the snow that falls is ________ into ice.

  A) compiled C) embodied

  B) dispersed D) compacted

  69. Henry went through the documents again carefully for fear of ________ any important data.

  A) relaying C) overlooking

  B) revealing D) deleting

  70. Elisabeth did not enter the museum at once, but________ in the courtyard.

  A) dwelled C) resided

  B) lingered D) delayed

  Part IV Error Correction (15 minutes)

  Culture refers to the social heritage of a people - the learned

  patterns for thinking, feeling and acting that characterize a

  population or society, include the expression of these patters in S1.

  material things. Culture is compose of nonmaterial culture - S2.

  abstract creations like values, beliefs, customs and institutional

  arrangements - and material culture - physical object like S3.

  cooking pots, computers and bathtubs. In sum, culture reflects

  both the ideas we share or everything we make. In ordinary S4.

  speech, a person of culture is the individual can speak another S5.

  language - the person who is unfamiliar with the arts, music, S6.

  literature, philosophy, or history. But to sociologists, to be

  human is to be cultured, because of culture is the common world S7.

  of experience we share with other members of our group.

  Culture is essentially to our humanness. It provides a kind S8.

  of map for relating to others. Consider how you feel your way

  about social life. How do you know how to act in a classroom,

  or a department store, or toward a person who smiles or laugh S9.

  at you? Your culture supplies you by broad, standardized, S10.

  ready-made answers for dealing with each of these situations.

  Therefore, if we know a person's culture, we can understand

  and even predict a good deal of his behavior.

  Part V Writing (30 minutes)

  For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a letter to the editor of a newspaper complaining about the poor service of a bookstore. You should write at least 150 words according to the guidelines given below in Chinese.

  设想你买了一本英文词典,发现有这样那样的质量问题,书店的服务态度又不好,因此给报社编辑写信。信中必须包括以下内容:

  1、事情的起因

  2、与书店交涉的经过

  3、呼吁服务行业必须提高服务质量

  答案:

  听力:

  1-5 CADDB

  6-10 CAABC

  11-15 DCABA

  16-20 DABCB

  阅读:

  21-25 CDABB

  26-30 DCACD

  31-35 BADDC

  36-40 BDBAD

  词汇:

  41-45 DBAAC

  46-50 DACBA

  51-55 CDBAC

  56-60 ADCBD

  61-65 CABCD

  66-70 ABDCB

  改错:

  1. include --including

  2. compose -- composed

  3. object -- objects

  4. or -- and

  5. individual 后+ who

  6. unfamiliar -- familiar

  7. of去掉

  8. essentially -- essential

  9. laugh -- laughs

  10. by -- with

  作文:

  [参考范文]

  June 19, 2004

  Dear Editor,

  I am writing this letter to reflect some problems I came across recently and. appeal to the improvement of the service industry.

  This weekend I bought an English-Chinese dictionary in a bookstore near my home since its cover is elaborately designed. But when I went home and read carefully, I found that the several pages of the dictionary have been cracked and befouled. What is worse, the misprints spread everywhere in the dictionary and seriously affect my comprehension. Since there was such damage and misprint to the dictionary, I went to the bookstore to require for a replace. But to my surprise, the staff of the bookstore turn down my request rudely and even denied the poor quality of the dictionary.

  It goes without saying that today’s face-paced and market-oriented economy calls for much higher standard for service industry. However, to my regret, many of the commercials fail to achieve this standard and the quality of the staff needs to be improved. It’s self-evident that the poor quality of practitioners in the service industry will not only deeply disappoint customers but also hamper the development of our country’s economy. As a result, I expect your newspaper to appeal to the service industry to attach more importance to the service improvement.

  Thank you for your attention!

  Sincerely yours,

  Sam

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