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教师考编试题答案

试题 时间:2017-11-19 我要投稿
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  教师考编试题答案

  第一节:单项选择:从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)。

  1、 - I’m sorry I didn’t make it to your party last night.    -_________,I know you’re busy these days.

  A. Of course

  B.No kidding

  C.That’s all night

  D.Don’t mention it

  参考答案:C

  本题详解:情景交际今年首次出现在第一题,说明了高考重视应用的趋势。 完整的问句和答句的后半句都是提示信息:根据问句中的I’msorry…可以排除选项A、B;根据后半句“我知道你最近几天很忙”可以排除选项D。

  2、Experts think that ___________recently discovered painting maybe _____________ Picasso.

  A. the; 不填

  B. a; the

  C.a; 不填

  D. the; a

  参考答案:D

  本题详解:本题考点为冠词,每年必考一题,常为区分某名词是特指还是泛指。  根据句意“专家们认为这幅最近本发现的画作可能是一幅毕加索的作品。”可知前一空应该是表示特指的定冠词the;后一空用不定冠词a加上毕加索的名字(该单词学生在不认识的情况下,可以观察到其开头字母大写,应该是人名或地名类的专有名词,再由全句判断得出词义),表示其众多作品之一,泛指。

  3、Bats are surprisingly long-lived creatures, some ___________a life span of around 20 years.

  A.having

  B.had

  C.have

  D.to have

  参考答案:A

  本题详解:本题的考点为独立主格结构,判断依据是逗号前后主语不同,前者是所有蝙蝠,而后者是某些蝙蝠(主语前后不一致又没有用连词引导的从句结构,这是少见的“独立主格”标志)。  题干主句意为“蝙蝠是一种长寿得令人吃惊的造物”,主谓宾成分俱全,可以确定后面的部分为修饰性的“补充说明型”独立主格,相当于一个并列句,通常放在句末,主动关系,形式为:逻辑主语+现在分词=some having。

  4、One Friday, we were packing to leave for a weekend away ________my daughter heard cries for help.

  A. after

  B.while

  C.since

  D.when

  参考答案:D

  本题详解:本题考点为状语从句的连词,在初中阶段就是重点。  题干里的前面一个成分俱全的句子为主句,时态为进行时,故排除选项A、C;连词后面的句子一定是从句,时态为一般时,故排除B。意思是“……当我女儿听到呼救声时,我们正在打包准备外出一周。”

  5、I always wanted to do the job which I’d been trained ______.

  A.on

  B. or

  C.by

  D. of

  参考答案:B

  本题详解:本题考点为动词搭配,需要考生注意平时积累,或也可以从所跟的介词辨析大胆推测短语意思。  train做动词意为“训练”,主句意思是“我总想从事……的工作”,后面的定语从句说明是什么样的工作,应该是“我一直以来(完成时)为此(for)被训练(被动式)的”,介词for表目的。其余选项trainon锻炼得有所改善;trainby和trainof并无习惯语义。

  第二节:翻译题:(1小题;满分5分)

  1、 把下面短文划线部分翻译成中文。 I find young people exciting. They have an air of freedom, and they have not a dreary commitment to mean ambitions or love of comfort. They are not anxious social climbers, and they have no devotion to material things. All this seems to me to link them with life, and the origins of things. It’s as if they were, in some sense, cosmic beings in violent and lovely contrast with us suburban creatures. All that is in my mind when I meet a young person. He may be conceited, ill-mannered, presumptuous or fatuous, but I do not turn for protection to dreary clichés about respect for elders―as if mere age were a reason for respect. I accept that we are equals, and I will argue with him, as an equal, if I think he is wrong.

  参考答案:

  译文: 我觉得年轻人令人振奋。他们无拘无束;既不追逐卑鄙的名利,也不贪图生活的舒适。他们不热衷于向上爬,也不一味追求物质享受。在我看来,所有这些使他们与生命和万物之源联系在了一起。在某种意义上讲,他们似乎是宇宙人,同我们这些凡夫俗子形成了强烈而鲜明的对照。

  第三节:阅读理解题 阅读下面的短文,从每题所给的四个选项A、B、C和D中,选出最佳选项(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)。

  (一) Advertisers tend to think big and perhaps this is why they’re always coming in for criticism. Their critics seem to resent them because they have a flair for self-promotion and because they have so much money to throw around. “It’s iniquitous,” they say, “that this entirely unproductive industry (if we can call it that) should absorb millions of pounds each year. It only goes to show how much profit the big companies are making. Why don’t they stop advertising and reduce the price of their goods? After all, it’s the consumer who pays…” The poor old consumer! He’d have to pay a great deal more if advertising didn’t create mass markets for products. It is precisely because of the heavy advertising that consumer goods are so cheap. But we get the wrong idea if we think the only purpose of advertising is to sell goods. Another equally important function is to inform. A great deal of the knowledge we have about household goods derives largely from the advertisements we read. Advertisements introduce us to new products or remind us of the existence of ones we already know about. Supposing you wanted to buy a washing machine, it is more than likely you would obtain details regarding performance, price, etc. , from an advertisement. Lots of people pretend that they never read advertisements, but this claim may be seriously doubted. It is hardly possible not to read advertisements these days. And what fun they often are, too! Just think what a railway station or a newspaper would be like without advertisements. Would you enjoy gazing at a blank wall or reading railway byelaws while waiting for a train? Would you like to read only closely printed columns of news in your daily paper? A cheerful, witty advertisement makes such a difference to a drab wall or a newspaper full of the daily ration of calamities. We must not forget, either, that advertising makes a positive contribution to our pockets. Newspapers, commercial radio and television companies could not subsist without this source of revenue. The fact that we pay so little for our daily paper, or can enjoy so many broadcast programs is due entirely to the money spent by advertisers. Just think what a newspaper would cost if we had to pay its full price! Another thing we mustn’t forget is the “small ads.” which are in virtually every newspaper and magazine. What a tremendously useful service they perform for the community! Just about anything can be accomplished through these columns. For instance, you can find a job, buy or sell a house, announce a birth, marriage or death in what used to be called the ‘hatch, match and dispatch’ column but by far the most fascinating section is the personal or “agony” column. No other item in a newspaper provides such entertaining reading or offers such a deep insight into human nature. It’s thebest advertisement for advertising there is!

  1、 What is the main idea of this passage?

  A.Advertisement.

  B.The benefits of advertisement.

  C.Advertisers perform a useful service to communities.

  D.The costs of advertisement.

  参考答案:C

  本题详解:主旨大义题。由文章先讨论了登广告人觉得广告需要被指责,但是,”It is precisely because of the heavy advertising that consumer goods are so cheap.”作者转折指出正是因为广告我们的货物才如此便宜,进一步转折,” But we get the wrong idea if we think the only purpose of advertising is to sell goods.”我们也忽视了广告具有的其他作用,即为社区服务,之后所有的文字都是描写广告是如何为社区服务的,所以选C。

  2、The attitude of the author toward advertisers is_______.

  A.appreciative

  B.trustworthy

  C.critical

  D.dissatisfactory

  参考答案:A

  本题详解:推理判断题。从作者的两次转折可以看出来。

  3、Why do the critics criticize advertisers?

  A.Because advertisers often brag.

  B.Because critics think advertisement is a “waste of money”.

  C.Because customers are encouraged to buy more than necessary.

  D.Because customers pay more.

  参考答案:A

  本题详解:细节题,由” Their critics seem to resent them because they have a flair for self-promotion and because they have so much money to throw around.”得出A。

  4、Which of the following is NOT true?

  A. Advertisement makes contribution to our pockets and we may know everything.

  B.We can buy what we want.

  C.Good quality products don’t need to be advertised.

  D.Advertisement makes our life colorful.

  参考答案:C

  本题详解:推理判断题。C与文章主旨不符,显然错误。

  5、The passage is_______.

  A.Narration

  B.Description

  C.Criticism

  D.Argumentation

  参考答案:C

  本题详解:主旨大义题。C是中性词,指的是评论文章,本文不是叙事文,也不是描述文,也不是辩论文,选C。

  (二) Police fired tear gas and arrested more than 5,000 passively resisting protestors Friday in an attempt to break up the largest antinuclear demonstration ever staged in the United States. More than 135,000 demonstrators confronted police on the construction site of a 1,000-megawatt nuclear power plant scheduled to provide power to most of southern New Hampshire. Organizers of the huge demonstration said, the protest was continuing despite the police actions. More demonstrators were arriving to keep up the pressure on state authorities to cancel the project. The demonstrator had charged that the project was unsafe in the densely populated area, would create thermal pollution in the bay, and had no acceptable means for disposing of its radioactive wasters. The demonstrations would go on until the jails and the courts were so overloaded that the state judicial system would collapse. Governor Stanforth Thumper insisted that there would be no reconsideration of the power project and no delay in its construction set for completion in three years. “This project will begin on time and the people of this state will begin to receive its benefits on schedule. Those who break the law in misguided attempts to sabotage the project will be dealt with according to the law,” he said. And police called in reinforcements from all over the state to handle the disturbances. The protests began before dawn Friday when several thousand demonstrators broke through police lines around the cordoned-off construction site. They carried placards that read “No Nukes is Good Nukes,” “Sunpower, Not Nuclear Power,” and “Stop Private Profits from Public Peril.” They defied police order to move from the area. Tear gas canisters fired by police failed to dislodge the protestors who had come prepared with their own gas masks or facecloths. Finally gas-masked and helmeted police charged into the crowd to drag off the demonstrators one by one. The protestors did not resist police, but refused to walk away under their own power. Those arrested would be charged with unlawful assembly, trespassing, and disturbing the peace.

  1、What were the demonstrators protesting about?

  A.Private profits.

  B.Nuclear Power Station.

  C.The project of nuclear power construction.

  D.Public peril.

  参考答案:C

  本题详解:细节题。由” More demonstrators were arriving to keep up the pressure on state authorities to cancel the project…wasters”得出。

  2、Who had gas-masks?

  A. Everybody.

  B.A part of the protestors.

  C.Policemen.

  D. Both B and C.

  参考答案:D

  本题详解:细节题。”Tear gas canisters fired by police failed to dislodge the protestors who had come prepared with their own gas masks or facecloths... one by one.”指出了a part of the protestors有gas-masks,而 policemen为了使用催泪瓦斯也应当有。所以选D。

  3、 Which of the following was NOT mentioned as a reason for the demonstration?

  A.Public transportation.

  B.Public peril.

  C.Pollution.

  D.Disposal of wastes.

  参考答案:A

  本题详解:细节题。由” The demonstrator had charged that…its radioactive wasters.”和” They carried placards that read “No Nukes is Good Nukes,” “ Sunpower, Not Nuclear Power,” and “Stop Private Profits from Public Peril.”得出BCD都提到了,只有A没提到,所以选A.

  4、With whom were the jails and courts overloaded?

  A. With prisoners.

  B.With arrested demonstrators.

  C. With criminals.

  D. With protestors.

  参考答案:B

  本题详解:推理判断题。”Those arrested would be charged with unlawful assembly, trespassing, and disturbing the peace.”得出。

  5、 What is the attitude of Governor Stanforth Thumper toward the power project and the demonstration?

  A. Stubborn.

  B.Insistent.

  C. Insolvable.

  D.Remissible.

  参考答案:A

  本题详解:推理判断题。由 ” Governor Stanforth Thumper insisted that there would be no reconsideration of the power project and no delay …said.”得知政府的态度是固执的,选A。

  第四节:写作:(1题;满分10分)

  1、以On Aging of the population 为题,写一篇长为120-150词的小作文

  参考答案:Aging of the population People in China are living longer and longer while new babies are insufficient to take place of them. As a result, china has become an aging society, with the population over 60 reaching 134 million, or more than 10 percent of the country’s 1.3 billion total. The aging of the population is putting more and more serious pressure on both society and family. National expenditure for the aging population is always on the increase. To make matters worse, a declining proportion of the working population is likely to hinder the economic development. As for the young couples, they are struggling harder and harder to support their old parents while raising their children at the same time. Among the following three ways to address, the first is to pay due attention to guaranteeing the basic living standards of the elderly and safeguarding their legitimate rights and interests. Secondly, the elderly should be given full chance to play an active role in our social life and make a contribution to the whole society. Last, but not least, we should persist in our efforts to develop the market which provides products for the elderly and stimulate the growth of our economy.

  第二部分:英语课程与教学理论知识说明:本部分测试考生对英语课程与教学理论知识掌握情况,本部分共14小题,共30分,分为四节。第一节:单项选择填空;第二节:填空题;第三节:简答题;第四节:论述题。

  第一节:单项选择填空(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)。

  1、英语课程标准规定了小学阶段二级的语音知识具体目标。英语语音知识涵盖语音的认读、音节的识别、词汇的辨认、_______、句子的理解,也涵盖语调、节奏、音重和语流运作的规律

  A.语篇结构的感知

  B.语法的认知

  C.目标的获取

  D.语义的判断

  参考答案:D

  2、一般而言,中小学英语单元教材可以分为三大系统,它们主次分明,_______是源,作业系统和图表系统是流,三者相辅相成。

  A.非文本系统

  B.主题系统

  C.知识结构系统

  D.文本符号系统

  参考答案:B

  3、 英语与汉语不尽相同,英语是_______。就英语阅读过程而言,阅读首先是个体把文字符号转换为语音码的过程;其次,英语语音与字母或字母组合有着相对的对应关系 ,其语音操作由语义潜势;其三,语音是短时工作记忆的载体。

  A.语言符号系统

  B.音节文字系统

  C.拼音文字系统

  D.表意文字系统

  参考答案:C

  4、 Austin和Searle的学说是“任务型”教学研究一个十分重要的理论来源。 Searle认为,语言交际单位不是单词或句子等语言单位,而是_______。

  A.语言行为

  B.言语行为

  C.文字符号

  D.心理表征

  参考答案:B

  5、 小学英语_______ 对新知识没有任何明确的计划和要求,它是一个将听、说、读、写、玩、表、唱等形式融为一体的英语课。

  A.活动课

  B.综合课

  C.口语课

  D.巩固复习课

  参考答案:A

  第二节:填空题(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)。

  1、 Theory is ______ in the practice of language teaching. It reveals itself in the assumptions underlying practice, in the planning of a course of study, in the routines of the classroom, in the value judgements about language teaching, and in the decisions that the language teacher has to make day by day.

  参考答案:implicit

  2、The ______ view of language sees language as a linguistic system made up of various subsystems: the sound system (phonology); the discrete units of meaning produced by sound combinations (morphology); and the system of combining units of meaning for communication (syntax).

  参考答案:structural

  3、____ learning emphasizes the task rather than the language in learning process.

  参考答案:Task-based

  4、 PPP stands for Presentation, Practice and _____. In PPP method classes or sequences, the teacher presents the context and situation for the language, and both explains and demonstrates the meaning and form of the new language. The students then practice making sentences before going on to another stage in which they talk or write more freely.

  参考答案:Production

  5、The _____ theory of language learning was initiated by the psychologist Skinner, who applied Watson and Raynor’s theory of conditioning to the way humans acquire languages

  参考答案:behaviourist

  第三节:简答题(共3小题;每小题5分,满分15分)。

  1、基础教育阶段英语课程的总目标是什么?它建立在哪几个方面的基础上?每个方面都起什么作用?

  参考答案: 英语课程目标按照国际通用的能力水平设为九个级别。从三年级开设英语课程的学校,三、四年级应完成一级目标,五、六年级完成二级目标,七-九年级分别完成三、四、五级目标,高中阶段完成六、七、八级目标,第九级为外国语学校和外语特色学校高中毕业课程目标的指导级,该级别也可以作为部分学校少数英语特长学生基础教育阶段的培养方向。

  2、英语课程目标按照国际通用的能力水平设立几个级别?各级别都适用于哪个年级?

  参考答案:基础教育阶段英语课程的总目标是什么?它建立在哪几个方面的基础上?每个方面都起什么作用? 基础教育阶段英语课程的总体目标是:培养学生的综合语言运用能力。综合语言运用能力的形成建立在学生语言技能、语言知识、情感态度、学习策略和文化意识等素养整体发展的基础上。语言知识和语言技能是得体运用语言的保证。情感态度是影响学生学习和发展的重要因素,学习策略是提高学习效率、发展自主学习能力的保证。

  3、请阐述小学阶段听、说、读、写语言技能之间的关系。

  参考答案:听是分辨和理解话语的能力,即听并理解口语语言的含义;说是运用口语表达思想,输出信息的能力;读是辨认和理解书面语言,即辨认文字符号并将文字符号转换为有意义的信息输入的能力;写是运用书面表达思想,输出信息的能力。第四节:论述题15%

  第四节:论述题(1题,满分15分)。

  1、论英语阅读教学中生词量和语法难易度控制,并举例说明。

  参考答案: 对中小学生而言,英语阅读既是意义事件,又是语言事件。生词量和语法难易度是衡量语篇可读性的重要指标,于是,生词量和语法难易度成了英语教材编制和阅读教学的重要参数。英语生词量的多寡,语法难易度的高低直接影响着读者对篇章的理解和语义建构,也影响着个体语言能力的发展。过多的生词和过难的语法项目使语篇理解变得更加困难,甚至使语篇语义无法建构。不同类型的阅读有不同的生词量要求和标准。一般来说,作为精读课阅读语篇的生词量一般低于有效阅读词汇总量的3%;作为泛读阅读语篇的生词量一般低于有效阅读词汇总量的1%。如果教材的生词总量过大,首先,教师应在教学中适当增加阅读量,以便降低阅读的生词量,减少有生词量过大而造成的阅读障碍;其次,根据生词的难易度和频度,把英语词汇的记忆与理解融进听、说、读、写、译等语言活动之中。从而减轻学生记忆上的负担,提高学习效率。语法难易度也是英语阅读与阅读教学不可忽视的问题。语法既是英语语言功能的存在,又是元语言功能的存在。教学中教师要根据学生学习的基础和经验分析语法项目的可学性,由浅入深,由易至难,由简单到复杂,循序渐进,控制英语语法教学中的难度。让学生在例示中理解和感知语法规则,在句子和语篇中操练语法规则,在不同的语言活动中提炼语法意识。语言是意义和结构的结合体,语言学习和发展总是与结构和意义相伴而行。通过阅读学习英语语法,以阅读控制语法难度,体悟语法意义和功能,提炼学生的语法意识,又以语法学习促进学生英语阅读能力的发展,使英语语法学习与阅读技能的发展相得益彰不失为英语语法学习的有效途径。

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