1. cnsist f ＝ be ade up f 由……组成 (没有进行时）
e.g. The U cnsists f Great Britain and Nrthern Ireland.
＝Great Britain and Nrthern Ireland ae up the U.
separate ... fr (把联合在一起或靠近的人或物分离出来）
divide...int 把…分开 （把整体分为若干部分）
e.g. The teacher divided the class int tw grups.
The Taiwan Strait separates Taiwan fr Fuian.
3. debate abut sth.
e.g. The debate abut the prpsal fr three das.
debate /argue/ quarrel
4. clarif: vt./vi. (cause sth. t )bece clear r easier t understand 澄清；阐明;清楚；明了
e.g. I hpe what I sa will clarif the situatin.
Can u clarif the questin?
5. be lined t = be cnnected t /be ined t 连接
6. refer t
e.g. When he said “se students”, d u thin he was referring t us?
e.g. If u dn't understand a wrd u a refer t ur dictinaries.
Please refer t the last page f the b fr answers.
e.g. What I have t sa refers t all f u.
This rule refers t everne.
reference: n. 参考 e.g. reference bs 参考书
7. t ne's surprise (prep)
“t ne's + 名词” 表 “令某人……”
常见的名词有 “delight, disappintent, enent, astnishent 等
e.g. I discvered, t hrrr, that the gds were entirel unfit fr sale.
T hn's great relief the reached the huse at last.
8. ... fund theselves united peacefull
“find +宾语＋宾补( ad; adv; v-ing; pp; 介词短语；不定式）”
e.g. A c will be iediatel fired if he is fund sing in the itchen.
u'll find hi eas t get alng with.
The fund theselves trapped b the bush fire.
When I we up, I fund self in hspital.
I called n hi esterda, but I fund hi ut.
9. get sth dne =have sth dne 使某事被做…….
e.g. I'll ust get these dishes washed and then I'll ce.
get + n. + t d
get + n. + ding
u'll get her t agree.
I'll get the car ging.
get dne: 用于意想不到、突然或偶然发生，意为“被…….”
e.g. Be careful when u crss this ver bus street.
10. brea awa (fr sb / sth) 脱离；破除…
e.g. It is nt eas fr hi t brea awa fr bad habits.
The an bre awa fr his guards.
brea dwn (会谈)破裂，失败；(汽车等)出故障；(人的健康状况)变得恶劣；（情感）失控
e.g. His car bre dwn n the wa t wr this rning.
His health bre dwn under the pressure f wr.
He bre dwn and wept when he heard the news.
Tals between the tw cuntries have cpletel bren dwn.
brea in 闯入；打岔
brea ff 中断，折断
brea int 闯入
brea ut 爆发;发生
brea up 驱散；分散，拆散
11. as well as 不仅…而且；既…又…
e.g. He is a teacher as well as a writer.
The children as well as their father were seen plaing ftball in the street.
12. cnvenience: n.方便；便利（cnvenient: ad. ）
e.g. We bught this huse fr its cnvenience.
13. attractin: （attract: v.）
1). 吸引；引力(不可数 n.) e.g. attractin f gravitatin 重力
2). 吸引人的东西；喜闻乐见的东西；精彩节目(可数 n.)
He can't resist the attractin f the sea n a ht da.
A big cit ffers an and varied attractins.
What are the principle attractins this evening?
1) v. 对…产生影响 e.g. What influence u t chse a career in teaching?
2)可数n. 产生影响的人或事 e.g. He is ne f the gd influences in the schl.
3) (不可数n.) 影响 e.g. A teacher has great influence ver his pupils.