九年级上册知识点归纳 (仁爱版英语九年级)

发布时间:2016-3-27 编辑:互联网 手机版

Unit 1 Topic 1

I. 重点词组

1.take photos 照相


3.in detail 详细地

4.in order to为了

5.give support to… 为……提供帮助

6.see sth. oneself 亲眼所见某物

7.keep in touch with 与……保持联系

8.sorts of各种各样的

9.make progress 取得进步

10.draw up 起草,拟定

11.thanks to 由于


1. In one place I saw children working for a cruel boss.在一处我看到了孩子们为残忍的老板干活。

2. I felt sorry for them.我对他们深表同情。

3. Where have you been, Jane? 你去过哪里,简?

4. She has gone to Cuba to be a volunteer.她去古巴当志愿者了。

5. There goes the bell. 铃响了。

6. Though I had no time to travel, I still felt very happy.虽然我没有时间去旅行,但是我仍然感到很开心。

7. Now our country has developed rapidly.现在我们国家发展迅速。


1. 现在完成时态的构成:助动词have/has+动词的过去分词

e.g. You have just come back from your hometown.

2. 现在完成时态的句式:

e.g. (1) I have been to Mount Huang with my parents.

(2) I haven’t seen him for a long time.

(3) Where have you been?

(4) --Have you ever cleaned a room? --Yes, I have. / No, I haven’t.

3. have/ has been与 have/has gone 的区别

have/has been to sp.表示曾经到过某地-- have/has gone to sp.表示已经去了某地

e.g. (1) I have been to Mount Huang with my parents. (2) She has gone to Cuba to be a volunteer.

Unit 1 Topic 2

I. 重点词组

1. get lost 迷路

2. each other 彼此

3.at least 至少

4take place发生

5because of 因为

6.be strict with sb. 对某人严格要求

7.carry out 实行

8.be short of 缺乏

9.take measures to do sth.采取措施做某事

10.be known as… 作为……而著名

11.work well in doing…在……方面起作用

12.a couple of 一些

13keep up with赶上,跟上


1. Have you found him yet? 你已经找到他了吗?

2. --I really hate to go shopping. 我的确讨厌购物。--So do I.我也如此。

3. But it seems that their living conditions were not very good.但是似乎他们的生活条件不太好。

4. But great changes have already taken place in China recently.但是近来中国已发生了巨大的变化。

5. Because of the one-child policy, now most families have only one child.


6. What’s the population of the U.S.A.?美国的人口是多少?

7. --What’s more, the population in developing countries is growing faster. --So it is.

而且,发展中国家的人口在更快地发展。 的确如此。

8. Our government has taken many measures to control the population.



常用于现在完成时的时间状语:already, just , yet, ever, never, recently.

e.g. 1. I have just called you.

2. --Have you ever been to France? --No, I’ve never been to any European countries.

3. --Have you seen him yet? --Yes, I have seen him already.

Unit 1 Topic 3

I. 重点词组

1.get used to sth./ doing sth. 习惯于……

2.as a matter of fact 事实上

3.break out 爆发

4.live a hard life 过着艰难的生活

5.in need of 需要

6.provide sb. with sth.= provide sth. for sb.提供某物给某人

7.one’s success in doing sth. 成功完成某事

8.obey strict rules 遵守严格的规则

9.take drugs 吸毒

10.aim to do sth. 目的是

11.in the past sixteen years 在过去的十六年里

12.at home and abroad 在国内外

13.pay for 付款

14.thousands of 成千上万的

II. 重点句型

1You must come for a visit. 请你一定来参观。

2Well, once they find people in deed, they decide on suitable ways to help them.

他们一旦发现有人需要帮助, 就选定适当的方式来帮助他们。

3I think it is important for these people to feel good about themselves.


4The world has changed for the better.世界变得更加美好。

5With the money, it has built thousands of schools and trained 2,300 teachers.



1. 现在完成时: 常与for或since引导的时间状语连用,表示从过去某一时刻延续到现在。

e.g. You have been in New York for a long time.

The city has improved a lot since I came here a few years ago.

2. 构词法:

合成词: home +work= homework

派生词: use--useful, happy--unhappy


Unit 2 Topic 1

I. 重点词组

1. chemical factory 化工厂

2. pour… into… 把……排放到……

3. in a bad mood 处在不好的情绪中

4. manage to do sth. 设法去做某事

5. do harm to … / be harmful to… 对……有害

6. quite a few 相当多

7. no better than 同…….一样差

8. in pubic 公开地

9. all sorts of 各种各样的

10.in many ways 在许多方面

II. 重点句型

1. Look, there are several chemical factories pouring waste water into the streams.

看, 有几家化工厂正往河里排放废水.

2. Everything has changed.一切已发生了变化.

3. How long have you been like this? 你像这样多长时间了?

4. I’m always in a bad mood because I can’t stand the environment here.


5. However, not all people know that noise is also a kind of pollution and is harmful to humans’ health.

然而,并非所有的人都知道噪音也是一种污染, 而且有害于人类健康.

III. 语法


1. Granny said, “I’m feeling even worse.”

Granny said that she was feeling even worse.

2. “ Do you still want to live here, Granny?” the journalist asked.

The journalist asked Granny if she still wanted to live there.

3. “ How is the environment around this place?” the journalist asked.

The journalist asked how the environment around that place was.

Topic 2

I. 重点词组

1. as a result 结果

2. here and there 到处

3. in the beginning 一开始

4. in danger 处于危险中

5. cut down 砍倒

6. change sth. into sth. 把……变成……

7. prevent from 防止

8. greenhouse effect 温室效应

9. refer to 提到

10.deal with 处理

11.take up 占据

12.cut off 中断

II. 重点句型

1. As we know, none of us likes pollution.众所周知,没有人喜欢污染。

2. Humans have come to realize the important of protecting animals.人类逐渐意识到保护动物的重要性。

3. Trees can also stop the wind blowing the earth away.树木也能防风固土。

4. Cutting down trees is harmful to human beings, animals and plants.砍伐树木对人类、动植物都有害。

5. Some things we’ve done are very good for earth while some are not good.

我们所做的, 有些对地球很好,而有些不利。

6. They can also prevent the water from washing the earth away.它们也能阻止水土流失。

7. When it rains or when the wind blows, the earth is taken away.天一下雨或刮风, 土就会被冲走或刮走。

III. 语法


1. 定义: 指的是那些不指明代替任何特定名词或形容词的代词。

2. 用法: 在句中可作主语、宾语、表语、定语等。something , somebody, anything, anybody等作主语时,通常视为单数。当形容词修饰它们时,要放在其后。

e.g. But the government has done something useful to protect the environment.

Topic 3

I. 重点词组

1. not only…but also… 不仅……而且……

2. be supposed to 应该

3. ought to 应该

4. turn off 关掉

5. instead of 代替

6. on time 准时

7. make sure 确保

8. push forward向前推

9. push down 向下

10.pull up 向上拉

II. 重点句型

1. For example, we should use both sides of paper and reuse plastic bags.


2. Everyone is supposed to do that.每个人都有义务那样做.

3. First, you ought to turn off the lights when you leave a room.首先, 你离开房间时应该随手关灯。

4. Easier said than done. 说起来容易做起来难。

5. Well, actions speak louder than words.嗯, 百说不如一做。

6. There will be a lot of hard work to do tomorrow, so make sure you go to bed early tonight.


III. 语法



常用的并列连词有:and, or, but, while, not only… but also

e.g. 1. The river is dirty and the temperature of the earth is rising.

2. They work well, but they are slow and can’t run for long.

Unit 3 Topic1


1.be able to=can 能够,会

2.can’t wait to do sth.迫不急待地做某事

3.have a (good) chance to do sth.有(好)机会做某事

4.practice doing sth.练习做某事

5.be made by…被……制做;be made of/from…由……制成;be made in…在某地制造

6.on business出差

7.be similar to…和……相似


9.have no/some trouble (in) doing sth.做某事没有/有些困难

10.once in a while=sometimes/at times偶尔,间或

11.whenever=no matter when无论何时

12.as well as以及

13.mother tongue 母语

14.take the leading position处于领先地位

15.encourage sb. to do sth.鼓励某人做某事

16.call for号召


1.Disneyland is enjoyed by millions of people from all over the world.世界上数以百万的人们都喜欢迪斯尼乐园。

2.I hope I can go there one day. 希望有一天我能去那儿。

3.English is widely spoken around the world.英语在世界上被广泛使用。

4.It is also spoken as a second language in many countries.


5.It is possible that you will have some trouble.你可能会遇到一些麻烦。

6.It’s used as the first language by most people in America,Canada,Australia ,Great Britain andNew Zealand.


7.And two thirds of the world’s scientists read English.





如:We clean the classroom.我们打扫教室。主语是动作的承受者,叫被动语态。

如:The classroom is cleaned (by us).教室被(我们)打扫。

1. 被动语态的构成:助动词be+及物动词的过去分词+(by+宾语)


如:The glass is broken by that boy.玻璃杯是那个男孩打破的。


如:English is widely spoken around the world. (肯定式)

English is not widely spoken around the world. (否定式)

Is English widely spoken around the world? (疑问式)

Yes, it is./No, it isn’t.

2. 被动语态的用法:(1)在没有指明动作的执行者或者不知道动作执行者的情况下可用被动语态。如:This coat is made of cotton.这件大衣是棉制的。(2)要强调动作的承受者而不是执行者时,用被动语态。如:Her bike is stolen.她的自行车被偷了。

3. 主、被动语态的转换:




(1) People grow rice in the south. Rice is grown (by people) in the south.

(2) She takes care of the baby. The baby is taken care of (by her).


1.---You’ll have a good chance to practice speaking English there.

---You’re right.

2.---But I’m not good at English. I’m a little afraid. ---Don’t worry.

3.---Is Spanish similar to English? ---Not really.

Topic 2

一. 重点词语

1.by the way 顺便说一下

2.depend on取决于……;依靠……

3.be different from与……不同 4.succeed in成功,达成

5.make yourself understood表达你自己的意思

6.on one’s way to 在某人去……的路上

7.see sb. Off给……送行

8.leave for…前往某地/leave…for…离开…去…

9.in twenty minutes二十分钟之后

10.written English笔头英语/oral English英语口语

11.generally speaking一般说来,大致上说

12.as for sb./sth.至于某人/某物

13.be close to…靠近……

14.in person身体上,外貌上;亲自

15.be found of…爱好……

16.be forced to do sth.被迫做……/force sb.to do强迫某人做某事

17.even worse 更糟的是


1. Is Australia English the same as British English? 澳式英语和英式英语一样吗?

2.English is spoken differently in different English-speaking countries.


3. For example, there are differences between British English and American English.例如,在英式英语和美式英语之间有些不同点。

4 I can’t believe that I’m flying to Disneyland.我简直不敢相信我就要飞往迪斯尼乐园了。

5.I hope I won’t have any difficulty.我希望不会遇到什么困难。

6.Whenever you need help, send me an-mail or telephone me.


7.Not only children but also adults enjoy spending their holidays in Disneyland.不但青少年而且成年人也喜欢到迪斯尼乐园度假。

三、 语法学习



如:come, go, arrive, leave, fly, start, begin, return, open, die

例:I’m going.我要走了。 When are you starting?你什么时候动身?

Don’t worry. The train is arriving here soon.别着急,火车马上就到了。


如:My uncle is meeting us tomorrow.我叔叔明天会见我们。

She is buying a new bike soon.她不久将买一辆新自行车。


1.I can’t follow you. Can you speak more slowly, please?

2.Oh, it sounds interesting.

3.If you want to succeed in making yourself understood, you need to know some of these differences

4.---What’s up? ---The foreigner is asking for a ride.

5.Generally speaking, American English is different from British English in pronunciation and spelling.

Topic 3

一、 重点词语

1.in public在公共场所 2.at times=sometimes有时

3.feel like doing=would like to do想要做……

4..give up sth./doing sth.放弃 5..turn to sb. for help求助于某人

6..give sb. some advice on/about…给某人一些有关……的建议

7..be weak in在……方面很差/be good at在……方面很好

8..be afraid of doing sth.害怕做某事 9.make mistakes犯错误

10.take a deep breath深呼吸 11.the best time to do做某事最好的时间

12.do some listening practice做些听力训练 13.reply to=answer回答

14.advise sb. to do建议某人做某事(名词advice)

二、 重点句型

1.Could you make yourself understood in the U.S.A?在美国,别人能懂得你的话吗?

2.I don’t know what to do.我不知道该怎么办?

3.At times I feel like giving up.有时我想要放弃。

4.Try to guess the meanings of the new words, and get the main idea of the article.尽量猜测生词的意思,理解文章的大意。

5.I dare not answer questions in class, because I’m afraid of making mistakes.我不敢在课堂上回答问题,困为我害怕犯错误。

6.It’s an honor to talk with all of you.与在座的各位交谈是我的荣幸。

7.But remember to choose the ones that fit you best.


8.I insist that you practice English every day.


9.Believing in yourself is the first step on the road to success.


三、 语法学习

wh- +to do wh-是指when, where, which, who(m)及how等连接词,它们和动词不定式连用,即为wh- +to do结构。这种结构在句中常作主语、表语和宾语,作宾语时可以转换为宾语从句。(对于谓语动词来说,wh- +to do这个不定式动词的动作是个尚未发生的动作,所以在转换成宾语从句时,通常须加情态动词或用将来时表示未来。)

如:I don’t know what to do.=I don’t know what I should do.

She can’t decide which to buy.=she can’t decide which she will buy.


如:I don’t know what I should do.=I don’t know what to do.

如果不一致就不能转换。I want to know what Mary will do.(不能说:I want to know what to do.)


1.---…, but I hate to speak English in public. ---You’d better not.

2.---I know it’s very important to learn English well. But it’s difficult for me. ---Me, too.

3.Have you ever had any difficulties in studying English?

4.---…, could you give us some advice on how to learn English well?

---You’d better follow the tape and do some listening practice.

I think the best time to remember new words is in the morning.

Unit 4 Topic 1



1. successful(副词) 2. proper(副词)

3. completely(动词) 4. leader(动词)

5. succeed(名词) 6. hero(复数)

7. physics(形容词) 8. fix(同义词)

9. introduce(名词) 10. far(比较级)


1. go around 环绕

2. send…into… =send up…into… 把……送入

3. congratulations on sth 祝贺某事

4. be proud of 为……而自豪

5. be moved by 为……而感动

6. Thanks/Thank you for +n./ving sth 感谢某人做的某事

7. have physical examinations 做体检

8. in good/bad health 处于好(不好)的身体状态

9. can’t help doing 情不自禁做……

10. take turn to (do sth) 轮流(做某事)

11. no doubt 无疑地

12. as well as 除……的之外,也

13. for instance/example 例如

14. work on 做……(方面)的工作

15. depend on/upon 依靠,依赖

16. turn on 打开

17. turn off 关掉

18. turn up 开大

19. turn down 关小

20. click on 用鼠标点击

21. look forward to doing sth 期待做某事


1. Now big plans are being made to send up more satellites and even build a space station.


(1) 句子“are being made”是现在进行时的被动语态,结构“be being+过去分词”。

(2) 主动句中的宾补如果是不带to的不定式时,变成被动句后,成为主补的不定式必须带to,常见跟不带to的复合宾语的动词有see、feel、hear、make等。

2. I’m moved by what Yang Liwei did. 我被杨利伟所做的事感动了。

(1) What Yang Liwei did 是介词by的宾语从句,意为“杨利伟所做的事”

(2) be moved by 为……而感动 如:The students are moved by the old man’s story.


3. Generally speaking, we are in good health now.


(1) generally speaking “一般来说、大体上、大概”

(2) in good/bad health 处于好(不好)的身体状况。如:

He has a cold, he is always in bad health. 他感冒了,他的身体状况总是不好。

4. We couldn’t help looking at the earth again and again.我们忍不住再三地看着地球。 (1) can’t/couldn’t help doing sth. 忍不住做某事,不能停止做某事。如:

I can’t help crying. 我忍不住哭了。

(2) again and again 一再,屡次,如:

The teacher has told him again and again.老师已屡次和他讲过了。

5. I was able to fall asleep as soon as I got into the sleeping bag.

We took turns to have a rest. 一进入睡袋我就睡着了。我们轮流休息。

take turns to (do sth.) 轮流(做某事)。

The Browns take turns to look after the baby. 布朗一家轮流照看这个婴儿。

6. It has proved that China has made great progress in developing its space industry. 这证明了中国航天业的发展已取得了巨大的进步。

It has proved that… 这证明了……

7.There is no doubt that computers are widely used by workers in business and technology.


There is no doubt that… 译为“毫无疑问”如:

There is no doubt that we should protect the environment.


8. Computers have made the world smaller, like a “village”.


make+宾语+形容词 “使……怎样”如:

We’ll try our best to make our country more and more beautiful.




Thanks for your introduction.

Pleased to meet you. =Nice to meet you.

It’s an honor to interview you now.

What do you think of ShenZhou VI? =What are your thoughts about ShenZhou VI?


宾语补足语: 宾语补足语用来补充说明宾语,与宾语一起构成复合宾语。可作宾语补足语的有名词、形容词、副词、介词和动词不定式等。


1.We call him Jim.(名词) 我们叫他吉姆。

2.We must keep our school clean every day.(形容词) 我们必须每天保持校园清洁。

3.Call him in, please.(副词) 请叫他进来。

4.Leave it on the desk.(介词短语) 把它留在课桌上。


1.跟带to的不定式作宾语补足语。常见的这类动词有:ask, tell, get, teach, want, invite, like, allow, wish, encourage等。如:Tell Jane to sing us a song.叫简给我们唱支歌。

2.跟不带to的不定式作宾语补足语。常见的这类动词有“一感(feel)、二听(listen to, hear),三让(make, let, have),四看(look at, see, watch, notice)如:Let’s have a rest.让我们休息一会儿。


He was seen to leave the room with a book in his hand.有人见他手拿着一本书离开这个房间。


Can you help me (to) wash my clothes ? 你能帮我洗衣服吗?


1.现在分词作宾语补足语,经常表示正在发生的动作。可跟这类补足语的动词有:see, watch, hear等。如:

I hear somebody singing in the next room. 我听见有人在隔壁唱歌。


You need to have your hair cut. 你需要理发了。

Topic 2

一、 重点词汇:

1. be used for +ving 被用做……

2. come true 实现

3. It’s said that 据说

4. during/in one’s life 某人一生

5. be known as 以……(身份)而著名

6. know/say for certain 确切知道/肯定地说

7. all the time 一直、总是

8. no longer=not…any longer 不再

(no more, not…any more)

9. as long as 只要

10. as far as 就……,尽……

11. make a great contribution 对…作出巨大贡献

12. the rest of the time 在其余地时间里

13. at any time 在任何时候

二、 重点句型:

1. Because I’m not allowed to play computer games. 因为我不可以玩电脑游戏。

allow “允许、准许”的意思。常用于以下几种形式:

(1) allow +n./prep 如: We can’t allow such a thing. 我们不容许这种事情发生。

(2) allow sb. to do sth 允许某人做某事 如: She allowed me to go fishing.


(3) allow +doing sth 允许做某事 如: We don’t allow smoking in the reading-room.


(4) be allowed to do sth 如:被允许做某事

The students are allowed to play games on the play ground after school.


2. How do you say this in English? 这用英语怎么说?

其意思与What’s this in English相同。

3. It’s made from wood. 它用木材做的。

(1) be made in 在……地方制造,后接表示地点的名词。

(2) be made of 用……制造的,表示原材料未经化学变化,仍可看得出原材料。

(3) be made from 用……制造的,表示原材料经过化学变化,已看不出其原样。

(4) be made by 由(被)……(人)制作,后接表示人的名词或代词。

(5) be made into (某物)被制成……

(6) be made up of 由……组成 如:

The TV set is made in Japan. 这台电视机是日本生产的。

These houses are made of stones. 这些房子是由石头建造的。

Paper is made from wood. 纸是木头造的。

Was this cake made by your mother? 这蛋糕是你妈妈做的吗?

Metal can be made into all kinds of things. 金属可以制成各种各样的物品。

The medical team is made up of ten doctors. 这支医疗队由10位大夫组成。

4. It’s used for helping us to improve our English. 它用来帮助我们提高英语水平。

(1) be used for+ving be used to do (被)用来做…… 强调用途或作用

(2)be used as (被)作为……而用,强调被当作工具或手段来用。

(3)be used by 被……使用,by后跟人/物,强调使用者。如:

Pens are used for writing. 钢笔被用来写字。

Wood is used to make paper. 木材被用来造纸。

English is used as a foreign language in China. 英语在中国被当作外语使用。

Recorders are often used by English teachers. 英语老师经常使用录音机。

5. People are surprised at the rapid development of robots.人们为机器人的飞速发展感到惊讶。句子中be surprised at…是一个系表结构,表示“对……感到惊讶”。而be surprised by…是一个被动语态形式,表示“被……所惊讶”。如:I am surprised at you. 我对你的举动感到诧异。

The manager was surprised by what he saw on the computer.那位经理被眼前出现在电脑屏幕上的东西所惊讶。

6. They will no longer want to be our servants, but our masters.它们将不再愿意做我们的人,而要做我们的主人。

no longer(通常在动词前),not…any longer; not…any more(用于非正式文体中)都可表示“(过去曾……)现在不再……” 如:

She no longer lives here.

She doesn’t live here any longer(或 any more).她不在这儿住了。(过去她曾住这儿)

7. This method worked well at night as long as the weather was good and the stars could be seen.


work well 有效 as long as 只要


What’s it made of from? When/where was it made?

It was invented in 1879. What will our future be like?

I hope your dream will come true.


1、 一般过去时的被动语态


When was it made? 它是什么时候制造的?

It was made in 1980.它是1980年制造的。

When was the digital camera invented? 数码像机是什么时候发明的?

It was invented in 1975. 它是1975年发明的。


年月周前要用in,日子前面却不行。 遇到几号要用on,上午下午又是in。

要说某日上下午,用on换in才能行。 午夜黄昏须用at,黎明用它也不错。



Topic 3

一、重点词汇:1.travel by spaceship 乘宇宙飞船旅行

2.in the future

3.in order to 为了

4.on the radio 通过收音机

5.take part in 参加

6.grow up 成长、长大

7.prefer…to 喜欢……胜过……

8.What’s worse 更为糟糕的是

9.be worth it 有好处,值得一干

10.at a distance of 相隔

11.send sb a message 给某人发送信息


1. I don’t think aliens can be found in space. 我认为外星人不可能出现在太空里。

(1)当think, believe, suppose, imagine, expect等动词后的宾语从句含有not的否定词时,该否定应移至主句,即否定主句的谓语动词。如:

I don’t think it will rain tomorrow. 我认为明天不会下雨。


He supposes they won’t win the game. 他猜想他们赢不了比赛。

(2)can +be +过去分词,是情态动词构成的被动语态。如:

This can’t be done in a short time. 这不是短期内能完成的。

2. It has been two days since we landed on Mars.自从我们登上火星以来已经两天了。


如:It is(或has been) three years since we left school.自从我们离开学校以来已经三年了。

3. What’s worse, our water supplies were very low.


What’s worse 更糟糕的是。类似结构还有:What’s more 更有甚者;更为重要的是。

4. It’s a quarter as big as the earth. 它是地球的四分之一大。


如:This box is three times as heavy as that one. 这只箱子是那只箱子的三倍重。

5. Mars goes around the sun at a distance of about 228 million kilometers.


(1)at a distance of 相隔

(2)at a distance 在远处。如:

The moon goes around the earth at a distance of 380000km.


The police followed him at a distance. 警察远远地跟着他。

三、 日常交际用语:

Sound great! What is it about?

What fun! I can’t wait.

You think man can live in space one day?

I Think so. I hope I can live there one day.


情态动词的被动语态:是由“情态动词+be+及物动词的过去分词”构成。如:Aliens can not be seen on the earth. 在地球上不可能见到外星人。

Other planets may be visited soon in the future. 将来其他的星球也会有人登陆。

Scientific research should be done carefully. 应该认真地进行科学研究。

These trees must be watered in time. 这些树应该及时浇水。