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必修三英语知识点总结

总结 时间:2017-10-17 我要投稿
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  必修三的英语知识点有哪些?大家有没有进行整理和总结?大家不妨来看看小编推送的必修三英语知识点总结,希望给大家带来帮助!

  Unit 1

  II. Vocabulary:

  Beauty-beautiful-beautify, harvest, celebration-celebrate, starve-starvation,

  origin-original, religion- religious, ancestor Mexico-Mexican, feast, bone,

  belief-believe, trick poet-poem, arrival-arrive, gain, independence-

  independent –depend-dependent–dependence, gather, agriculture-agricultural

  award-reward, rooster,  admire-admiration energetic-energy, Easter,

  clothing-clothes-cloth, Christian-Christ-Christmas,

  custom, worldwide, fool –foolish, permission-permit

  parking-park, apologize-apology drown-drowning, sadness-sad

  obvious-obviously, wipe, weep, remind, forgive-forgave-forgiven

  III. Language points:

  1. mean

  1) mean+ to do打算,意欲

  2) mean+ n/ pron/that从句---意思

  3)mean+ v-ing意味

  meaning (n) 意思 meaningful (a) 有意义的

  2. celebrate (v)

  celebration (n) 庆祝活动

  hold a celebration/ celebrations

  3. take place 不用于被动语态

  take sb’s place/ take the place of sb= replace sb

  take place 指经过安排的事情

  happen 偶然发生,碰巧发生

  break out 灾难、疾病、战争等突然爆发

  4. would+ v 过去常常…

  5. starve

  starve for 急需starve to death 饿死

  6. Some festivals are held to honour the dead, or satisfy the ancestors, who could return either to help or to do harm.

  1) v  尊敬,给以荣誉

  2) in honor of 为了纪念

  A festival is set to honor/ in honor of the hero.

  Do harm to sb= harm sb

  Do more harm than good

  7. in  memory of 纪念,悼念…

  8.  arrive (v) arrival (n)

  The arrival of the plane has been delayed.

  ____ my arrival at school, Mr Li was there.

  9.  gain (n/ v)

  I gained a lot from my teacher. No pains, no gains.

  10. gather聚集,集合 (vi)  收集 (vt)

  1) A lot of people gathered to see what  had happened.

  2) The student gathered a lot of information about the hero.

  11. award 奖励

  reward 回报,报酬

  He received an award of 1,000 dollars.

  He was awarded a medal for his excellent work.

  12. admire

  admire sb for sth

  They admired our garden.

  I admired him for his success in business.

  13.  look forward to(介词) + n/ v-ing

  I’m looking forward to his coming.

  --ward 向着…方向

  backward 向后

  forward 向前

  14. As though/ if 好象

  15. have fun with sb

  词组

  1. parking lot

  2. turn up

  3. keep one’s words

  4. hold one’s breath

  5. obvious—it was obvious that…

  6. set off

  7. remind of

  Unit 2 Healthy eating

  语法:Modal Verbs ---ought/oughtn’t to;Should/shouldn’t; mustn’t; needn’t; (don’t) have to; will; can/can’t

  I. 本单元词汇:diet, nut, bean, pea, cucumber, eggplant, pepper, mushroom,

  peach, lemon, balance, barbecue, mutton, roast, fry, ought, bacon, slim, curiosity,

  hostess, raw, vinegar, lie, customer, discount, weakness, strength, consult, fiber,

  digest, carrot, debt, glare, spy, limit, limited, benefit, breast, garlic, sigh, combine

  III. 单元知识点(1):

  feeling very frustrated 现在分词在句中作伴随状语

  eg.She sat on the chair reading a newspaper.(表伴随)

  Walking in the street, she met her old friend.(表时间)

  Seeing no body at home , she decided to eat outside.(表原因)

  The child fell, striking his head against the ground.(表结果)Ought to 1) to show a moral duty 表示一种道义上的责任,应该

  Eg.She ought to look after her child better.

  You ought to study hard to get a high mark.

  2)ought to have done 表示本应该…,而却没有…

  Eg.You ought to have come yesterday.

  过去分词短语作

  后置定语,表被动。

  = which were cooked in the hottest oil.

  Eg.The flowers picked by him are very beautiful.

  4.Nothing could have been better.比较级与否定词连用表示最高级。

  = All his food could have been the best.

  Eg.I have never seen a better film.

  There is nothing I like so much as playing football.

  Tired of 厌烦的  He is tired of doing the same thing all year round.

  Tired out 筋疲力尽 I was tired out when I finally reach the top of the mountain.

  Tired from 因…而疲倦  I was very tied from running fast.

  6. get away with sth./doing sth.

  a)不因某事而受惩罚。I won’t have you getting away with cheating in the exam.

  b)偷携某物潜逃。The robbers robbed the bank and got away with a lot of money.

  c)收到较轻的惩罚。He was so lucky to get away with a fine for such a serious mistake.

  7. lie 谎言,说谎

  1)The program was full of lies.

  2) He lied to his wife so that he could come home late.

  单元知识点(2):

  earn one’s living by… =live by…=make a living by…靠…谋生

  eg. He earned his living by begging from door to door.

  2.He didn’t look forward to being  Be in debt欠债。

  Be out of debt 还清债务。

  Be in sb.’s debt  欠某人人情。

  Eg. Saving my life, I am forever in your debt.

  3.She didn’t look happy butGlare at  怒视,带有敌意

  Eg. ―How could you do that?‖he said, glaring at his mother.

  Glance at 扫视

  Eg.He glanced at his watch and left in a hurry.

  Stare at  张大眼睛死死地盯着

  Eg.She stared at him in surprise.Agree to (do) sth.  表示―同意某事或某建议‖,后只能跟表―提议,计划,方案,打算,安排‖  Eg.He agreed to their proposal.

  He agreed to get someone to help us.

  Agree with sb. 同意某人

  Eg.I agree with every word you said.

  Agree on sth.  表示在某事上取得一致的意见

  Eg.They agreed on a date for the next meeting.

  5.But don’t you think it would be better if you 虚拟语气,表示与现在事实相反的假设时,条件状语从句的谓语动词用过去式(be用were),而主句的谓语动词用would(should, could ,might)+动词原形。例如:

  If I were you, I should study English better.

  If he had time, he would attend the meeting.

  6. spy (v/n) 监视,侦查,看见,间谍

  1) 暗中监视;侦查。 It is impolite to spy into other people’s windows.

  2) 看见,发现。 He suddenly spied an old friend in the supermarket.

  7.before long 和long before

  1)before long是介词短语,在句子中作状语,意思为:“不久后,很快”。多与将来时或者过去时连用。如:I shall visit you again before long.

  2)long before是副词短语,意思为:“很久以前”,多与完成时连用。如:

  He had taken a doctor’s degree long before.

  Before不仅可以用作副词,还可以用作介词或者连词,这时long before…的意思为: “早在…之前”。如:He had come to America long before the war.

  Unit 3  The Million Pound Bank-Note

  重点单词、短语

  unbelievable  birthplace  patience (patient) silly  indeed  adventure  tiny

  author  wander  bay  loneliness  fault  character  spot  unpaid  playwright

  rude  scream  genuine  scene  account  seek( sought-sought )

  短语: 1、make a bet on sth / that…  2、do with / deal with3、a large amount of

  4、go ahead  5、as a matter of fact  6、 by accident / chance  7、stare at

  8、give up  9、 account for10、to be honest11、care about

  12、show out13、take a chance14、be / dress in rags

  15、be disappointed in sb  16、be worth doing  17、work as …  18、in a rude

  manner  19、be jealous of …  20、even if / though  21、as for…  22、be filled with

  23、 get into trouble  24、permit (doing) sth  25、permit sb to do sth  26、mind sth / sb.27、be spotted by …  28、be about to do…  29、be/ get lost30、be patient with  31. bring up  32. on the contrary

  重点句子:(Notes to the text :Unit 3 page 80-page 83)

  language point(语言点)

  1. go ahead

  (1) 进行;发生 新桥的建设将会按照计划进行。

  (2) 前进;继续做 尽管天气不好,他们仍按计划继续前进。

  (3) 取得进展,取得进步

  He is always going ahead. 他一直在进步。

  (4) (祈使句) 做吧,请吧

  — May I start now?我可以开始了吗?

  — Yes, go ahead.好,开始吧。

  2. stare at 注视,盯着看

  He stared at the word trying to remember what it meant. 我盯着那个词看,想要回忆起它的意思。

  It’s rude to stare at other people. 盯着别人看是不礼貌的。 When day broke, I found myself in a small village. 破晓,我发现我身处在一个村庄里。 I found myself lying on the bed. 我发现我躺在床上。

  He found himself surrounded by many students. 他发现他被许多学生围着。

  He found himself walking in the direction of the park. 他发现他正在往公园的方向前行。

  I found him difficult to get along well with. 我发现他很难相处。

  4. spot spotlessspotted

  (1) v. (用眼睛)挑出,察出,认出

  I spotted her in the crowd. 我从人群中认出了他。

  (2) v 使……染上斑点;点上污点

  The ink spotted her white shirt. 我把她的白色衬衫上弄上了污点。

  (3) n 斑点;污点;圆点

  She had spots on her face when she was ill. 她生病的时候,脸上出现了斑点。

  (4) n 地点;场所

  This is a nice spot for a house. 这是一个建房子的好地方。

  5、order

  ① n  叫/要的菜

  May I take you order now您的菜点好了吗?

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