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高一英语定语从句造句

造句 时间:2017-08-01 我要投稿
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  引导语:定从的基本概念、主要的关系代词的用法,以及使用的局限,下面是小编为你带来的高一英语定语从句造句,希望对你有所帮助。

  一、什么是定语(Attributive) :

  a loyal friend 形容词作定语

  a woman teacher 名词作定语

  a girl with long hair 介词短语作后置定语

  falling / fallen leaves 分词作定语

  定语从句在句中相当于一个定语的成分起修饰的作用。

  二、定语从句的构成:

  1)which/that

  a. Annawas wearing a hat.

  b. Itwas too dirty.

  定从: Annawas wearing a hat which/that was too dirty. (主语)

  安娜戴了一顶很脏的帽子。

  a. The hat was too dirty.

  b. Anna was wearing a hat

  定从: The hat that/ which Anna was wearing was too dirty.(宾语)

  安娜戴着的那顶帽子太脏了。

  2). who/whom

  a. I meta boy.

  b. Theboy can speak three languages.

  定从: I met a boy who can speak three languages. (主语)

  我见到了一个能说三种语言的男孩儿。

  a. Theboy can speak three languages.

  b. I met a boy.

  定从:The boy whom/ who I met can speak three languages. (宾语)

  我见到的男孩儿能说三种语言。

  3. whose

  a. We saw some people.

  b. Their arms had broken.

  定从: We saw some people whose arms had broken.

  我们看见了一些手臂受了伤的人。

  a. The desk belongs to Mary.

  b. The leg of the desk is broken.

  定从: The deskwhose leg is broken belongs to Mary.

  腿坏了的桌子属于玛利。

  三、只能使用关系代词that的几种情况。

  1. 先行词为all, little, few,much, nothing, something, anything, everything等不定代词时

  e.g.There is nothing that I can say

  2. 先行词被 all, each, few,much, every, no, some, any 等词修饰时

  e.g. I have few books that you needed

  3. 先行词既有人又有物时

  e.g. He talked about the teachers and schools that he liked

  4.先行词被序数词或形容词最高级修饰时

  e.g. This is the best composition that I have read.

  5. 先行词被the only, the very,the last 等修饰时

  e.g. This is the very man that I am looking for.

  6. 主句是以who或which开头的疑问句时

  e.g. Who is the man that is holding Mary’s hand?

  四、非限定性定语从句 Non-restrictive Attributive Clause

  1. “位置形式”:紧接先行词,不用标点分割

  e.g. I want to buy the house which has agarden.

  2. 用逗号与主句隔开,修饰“主句全句或部分内容”,可置句末,中,首。

  e.g. I want to buy the house, which has agarden.

  The earth is round, which is known to all

  As is known to all, the earth is round.

  3. “先行词”

  限定性: n. / n. phrase

  e.g. He wears a red shirt which makes himlike a girl.

  非限定性:1). n. / n. phrase

  2). the sentence

  e.g. He wears a red shirt, which makes himlike a girl.

  “关系词的用法”

  限定性:1).关系代词作从句宾语时可省

  2). that可替who, whom, which(口)

  e.g. This is the book( which/that) I boughtyesterday.

  非限定性:1).关系词不能用that

  2).不能替换,不能省(which, as)

  e.g. I like the book, which I bought yesterday

  Do you know Tom, whom we talked about?

  She has to work on Sundays,which she doesn’t like.

  小练习:用 which/that 填空

  1. This book of yours, I finished reading last night, was interesting.

  2. He said that he was invited, was a lie .

  3. This is the first problem he met atthe beginning.

  4. The only problem troubled him hasalready been solved.

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