a loyal friend 形容词作定语
a woman teacher 名词作定语
a girl with long hair 介词短语作后置定语
falling / fallen leaves 分词作定语
a. Annawas wearing a hat.
b. Itwas too dirty.
定从： Annawas wearing a hat which/that was too dirty. (主语)
a. The hat was too dirty.
b. Anna was wearing a hat
定从： The hat that/ which Anna was wearing was too dirty.(宾语)
a. I meta boy.
b. Theboy can speak three languages.
定从： I met a boy who can speak three languages. (主语)
a. Theboy can speak three languages.
b. I met a boy.
定从：The boy whom/ who I met can speak three languages. (宾语)
a. We saw some people.
b. Their arms had broken.
定从： We saw some people whose arms had broken.
a. The desk belongs to Mary.
b. The leg of the desk is broken.
定从： The deskwhose leg is broken belongs to Mary.
1. 先行词为all, little, few,much, nothing, something, anything, everything等不定代词时
e.g.There is nothing that I can say
2. 先行词被 all, each, few,much, every, no, some, any 等词修饰时
e.g. I have few books that you needed
e.g. He talked about the teachers and schools that he liked
e.g. This is the best composition that I have read.
5. 先行词被the only, the very,the last 等修饰时
e.g. This is the very man that I am looking for.
e.g. Who is the man that is holding Mary’s hand?
四、非限定性定语从句 Non-restrictive Attributive Clause
e.g. I want to buy the house which has agarden.
e.g. I want to buy the house, which has agarden.
The earth is round, which is known to all
As is known to all, the earth is round.
限定性： n. / n. phrase
e.g. He wears a red shirt which makes himlike a girl.
非限定性：1). n. / n. phrase
2). the sentence
e.g. He wears a red shirt, which makes himlike a girl.
2). that可替who, whom, which(口)
e.g. This is the book( which/that) I boughtyesterday.
e.g. I like the book, which I bought yesterday
Do you know Tom, whom we talked about?
She has to work on Sundays,which she doesn’t like.
小练习：用 which/that 填空
1. This book of yours, I finished reading last night, was interesting.
2. He said that he was invited, was a lie .
3. This is the first problem he met atthe beginning.
4. The only problem troubled him hasalready been solved.