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定语从句练习题及答案

时间:2018-07-14 17:25:50 试题 我要投稿

定语从句练习题及答案

  导语:定语 从句由关系词(关系代词、关系副词)引导,关系代词、关系副词位于定语从句句首。以下小编为大家介绍定语从句练习题及答案文章,欢迎大家阅读参考!

定语从句练习题及答案

  定语从句练习题及答案

  定义:

  在复合句中作定语,修饰主句中的某一名词或代词的从句,叫做定语从句。

  被定语从句所修饰的.词叫先行词,位于从句之前。定语从句有关系代词that、which、who、whose、whom和关系副词when 、where、why引导.

  定语从句的基本结构为:

  先行词 + 关系代/副词 + 句子

  Do you know the boy who is wearing a blue jacket?

  The skirt that /which is made of silk is very expensive. I can’t afford it.

  The number of the people who/that own cars is increasing.

  The house that(which、/) the famous person once lived in is very old now.

  考点1. 关系代词: that, which, who, whom, whose 关系副词: when, where, why.

  a. that-既可指人,也可指物,作主语,不能省略;作宾语,可以省略;不引导非限定性定语从句

  There are lots of things ________ I need to prepare before the trip. (10河北)

  A. who B. that C. whom D. whose

  (答案: B)

  b. which-指物,作主语,不能省略;作宾语,可以省略.可引导非限定性定语从句。

  This is the dictionary ________ Mum gave me for my birthday. (08河北)

  A. which B. what C. whose D. whom

  (答案:A)

  Sorry, we don’t have the coat ________ you need. (09河北)

  A. what B. who C. whom D. which

  (答案:D)

  c. who-般指人,作主语,不能省略;作宾语,可以省略,(常用whom)

  Jamie is a young cook ________ wants to improve school dinners. (10天津)

  A. who B. whose C. whom D. which

  (答案:A)

  d. whose 作定语,表示所属关系。

  I like the teacher ________ classes are very interesting and creative. (09兰州)

  A. which B. who C. what D. whose

  (答案:D)

  e. when 作时间状语:When =介词 + which

  She will never forget the day when (=on which) she was married.

  f. where 作地点状语 where = 介词 + which

  I want to know the place where (= in which) I was born.

  g. why 作原因状语, 其先行词常常是the reason. why = for which

  That is the reason why(= for which) I’m late.

  2. 当关系代词在定语从句中作主语时,定语从句的谓语动词形式由先行词定。

  1. I prefer shoes that are cool.

  2. I like a pizza that is really delicious.

  3. 有时只能用 that , 不用 which, 常见的情况有六种:

  1).当先行词是 all, any, few, little, none, anything, everything, nothing ,或被它们修饰时。

  That’s all that I know.

  Is there anything that I can do for you?

  2).当先行词被形容词最高级或序数词修饰That is the most interesting book that I have ever read.

  3).当先行词有the very, the only, the same等修饰时。

  That’s the only thing that I can do now. These are the very words that he used.

  4).当主句以 who 或 which开头时,定语从句的关系词用 that, 而不用 which 或 who.

  Who is the girl that spoke to you just now? Which is the pen that you lost ?

  5).先行词同时包括人或物时,关系词用that.

  The man and his dog that I always meet are standing by the gate.

  6).当关系代词在从句中作表语时。

  China is not the country that it was.

  4. 只用 which ,不用that 的情况:

  1).关系代词前有介词时。

  This is the cage that / which Polly lives in.

  = This is the cage in which(where) Polly lives .

  2).先行词本身为 that.

  The clock is that which tells the time.

  3). 在非限制性定语从句中。

  His English, which used to be poor , is excellent now.

  定语从句专项练习

  1.Sorry, we don’t have the coat ________ you need.

  A. what B. who C. whom D. which

  2.This is the dictionary ________ Mum gave me for my birthday.

  A. which B. what C. whose D. whom

  3.Do you know the man ________ is sitting behind Nancy?

  A. what B. which C. who D. whom

  4.The book ________ he bought yesterday is very interesting.

  A. / B. why C. when D. what

  5.I have found some pictures of the most interesting places ________ you can visit during the winter holidays.

  A. where B. which C. what D. that

  6.I’d like to tell you about the table manners ________ you should know when you visit Korea.

  A. which B. who C. what D. how

  7.I shall never forget those years ________ I lived on the farm with the farmers, ________has a great effect on my life.

  A. when; who B. that; which

  C. which; that D. when; which

  8.Is oxygen the only gas ________ helps fire burn?

  A. that B. / C. which D. it

  9.Is ________ some German friends visited last week?

  A. this school B. this the school

  C. this school one D. this school where

  10.---What kind of music do you like?

  ---I like music ________ has great lyrics.

  A. that B. what C. who D. whose

  11.That is the only thing ________ I bought from the supermarket.

  A. which B. that C. what D. where

  12.The place ________ interested me most was the Children’s Palace.

  A. which B. where C. what D. in which

  13.The computer ________ last week has gone wrong.

  A. which I bought it B. I bought

  C. what I bought D. I bought it

  14.That is the poor boy ________ father died in a traffic accident last year.

  A. who B. whom C. whose D. which

  15.Do you know the girl ________ is standing under the tree?

  A. who B. whom C. which D. where

  16.Is the woman ________ talked to our teacher yesterday your mother?

  A. who B. whom C. which D. what

  17.The young lady ________ we met yesterday is our new maths teacher.

  A. what B. whose C. whom D. which

  18.I like to live in a house ________ is big and bright.

  A. that B. who C. how D. why

  19.I hate people ________ talk much but do little.

  A. whom B. which C. who D. when

  20.I am one of the boys ________never late for school.

  A. that is B. who are C. who am D. who is

  21.Mr Green, there is someone at the front desk ________ would like to speak with you.

  A. he B. who C. which D. whom

  22.I love the small village ________ I was born.

  A. that B. which C. where D. whose

  23.Here comes the girl ________ handwriting is the best in our class.

  A. which B. whose C. that D. who

  24.My parents usually buy me some simple clothes ________ can last a long time.

  A. who B. that C. whom D. whose

  25.---Is the girl ________ is interviewing the manager of that company your friend?

  ---Yes, she is a journalist from CCTV.

  A. whom B. which C. who D. whose

  26.---Do you know everybody ________ came to the party?

  ---No, I don’t know the one________ you had a long talk with near the door.

  A. who;/ B. whose; that

  C. that; which D. /; whom

  27.The boy________ won the first prize is called Roy.

  A. when B. whom C. who D. which

  28.Children like houses ________ are painted in different colours.

  A. which B. they C. those D. what

  29.Do you think most students prefer tests ________ have easy questions?

  A. who B. where C. that D. it

  30. He is one of the experienced engineers in this factory ________ hard work was repaid with the development of the factory.

  A. where B. whose C. in which D. that

  Keys:

  1-5 DACAD

  6-10 ADABA

  11-15BABCA

  16-20 ACACB

  21-25 BCBBC

  26-30ACACA

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