高考英语的试题及答案

试题 时间:2017-08-04 编辑:晓纯 手机版
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  高考英语二轮复习是学生对知识进行巩固、强化和提高的过程,下面是小编为你整理关于高考英语试题及答案的内容,希望大家喜欢!

  高考英语试题

  第I卷(三部分,共105分)

  注意事项:

  1.答第I卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号、考试科目涂写在答题卡上。

  2.每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。不能答在试卷上。

  第一部分:听力(共两节,满分30分)

  该部分分为第一、第二两节。注意:回答听力部分时,请先将答案标在试卷上。听力部分结束前,你将有两分钟的时间将你的答案转涂到客观题答题卡上。

  第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

  听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

  1. Who is the man possibly talking to?

  A. A doctor. B. A teacher. C. His mother

  2. What do we know about Sam?

  A. His sister will leave for New York.B. His sister will leave for Los Angeles.

  C. He will leave New York.

  3. What is the woman going to do?

  A. Rewrite the paper because there are too many mistakes.

  B.Throw the paper away.

  C. Read the paper again.

  4. Why does the woman thank the man?

  A. He lent her some money. B. He gave her a five-pound bill.

  C. He returned her money found.

  5. Where does this conversation probably take place?

  A. At an airport. B. At a railway station. C. At a department store.

  第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分, 满分22.5分)

  听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各小题,每小题5秒钟。听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

  听第6段材料,回答第6~8题。

  6. Whom do you think the woman was angry with?

  A. The man. B. The repairman. C. The shopkeeper.

  7. Why couldn't the woman find the repair shop?

  A. She missed the right turn. B. The man gave her the wrong directions.

  C. She was a bad driver.

  8. Why did the man tell her to turn to these television repairmen?

  A. The shop was easy to find. B. One of the repairmen was his friend.

  C. They did good work and the price was reasonable.

  听第7段材料,回答第9~11题。

  9. What's the relationship between the man and the woman?

  A. They are teacher and student. B. They are friends. C. They are mother and son.

  10. What does the woman ask the man to do?

  A. Look for a new apartment. B. Find a job to earn $ 200 a month.

  C. Share an apartment with one or two roommates.

  11. How much does the woman want to spend on rent?

  A. Less than $ 200 a month. B. About $ 200 a month.

  C. A little more than $ 200 a month.

  听第8段材料,回答第12~14题。

  12. What is the woman good at?

  A. Swimming. B. Running. C. Playing.

  13. How old was she when she became famous?

  A.She was twenty. B.She was thirteen. C. She was fifteen.

  14. What can we learn about the woman from the dialogue?

  A. She took part in one of the Olympic Games.

  B. She still swims for international competitions.

  C. She used to swim thirty five miles every week.

  听第9段材料,回答第15~17题。

  15. What had gone wrong in their house?

  A. Their washing machine. B. The electricity. C. The lights.

  16. Who was Mr. Smith?

  A. A repairman. B. The woman's husband. C. The woman's new neighbor.

  17. Why did the man think it would cost him dearly?

  A. Because he wanted to buy a car.

  B. Because he didn't have a good job.

  C. Because their car needed repairing.

  听第10段材料,回答第18~20题。

  18. What were the students going to do?

  A. They were going to read their articles before a video camera.

  B. They were going to read news on TV.

  C. They were going to celebrate the writer's sister's birthday.

  19. Why was the writer so nervous?

  A. He had never stood before a video camera.

  B. He had never read his own article before a video camera.

  C. This camera was different from the one he had once faced.

  20. What was the writer's feelings to his class teacher?

  A. Nervous. B. Afraid. C. Thankful.

  第二部分阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

  第一节(共15小题,每小题2分,满分30分)

  阅读下列材料,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。

  ( A)

  The following are introductions to some programs that BBC I London will show on TV.

  12:25 a.m.Tuesday The Real Swiss Robinson Family

  Laura worried that her children have had their life too easy due to her husband’s career in big business, so she decides to take her teenagers to the Cook Islands to experience the simple life.They face storms and a lack of food, but Laura is happy as their local guide shows them the island’s wealth of rare fruits and foods.

  11:00 a.m.Wednesday Orangutan Diary

  A Team have come across an armed man who is holding two baby apes who were captures one of them, David, is sent to a medical emergency in the forest.Later a center director, Nielsen, finds a suitable place to set free more rescued animals.

  7:50 p.m.Thursday Lost Buildings of Britain

  Simon Thurley visits the ruins of Glastonbruy Abbey(修道院),which , before its destruction by Henry VIII, was famous for some of the most amazing stained-glass of its age.It also had a great deal of financial power, acting as the center of an influential business empire.Eventually, it was the king’s envy of the abbey’s wealth that changed the abbey’s fate.

  10:35 p.m.Thursday Nigella Express

  Nigella presents ideas for impromptu(即兴的)cooking, from new recipes and suggestions for taking advantage of the food you have to making quick, simple and impressive meals.

  21.Why is Laura worried?

  A.Her children may not know how to cherish life.

  B.Her husband faces difficulties in his business.

  C.Storms are approaching her hometown.

  D.Life on the Cook Islands is too simple.

  22.Jim enjoys TV programmes of people or organizations that take care of animals. He should probably watch TV at_________. .

  A.10:35 p.m. on Thursday B. 11.00 a.m. on Wednesday

  C.7:50 p.m. on Thursday D.12:25 a. m. on Tuesday

  23.We can learn from the text that_______________. .

  A.Nielsen is a pet-lover

  B.Henry VIII set up a business empire in the Abbey

  C.David is a farmer

  D.Glastonbury Abbey was famous for its stained-glass

  (B)

  Post1990 graduates are likely to become a generation without property ownership due to more emphasis on personal value,the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences published in a report on Wednesday.

  Around 30 percent of the post90s graduates surveyed live in a property of below 20 square meters one year after graduation.Half of the surveyed said they are unwilling to degrade their living conditions by incurring housing debts.

  The report,Society Blue Paper: China Social Situation Analysis and Prediction,surveyed 4,110 students born after 1990 in 12 universities across the country.Of the interviewed,2,730 of them are currently still students at school and 1,380 are graduates.

  The survey reveals that in a year after graduation,more than 70 percent of graduates rent houses or live in dormitories provided by their employers.About 20 percent live at home of their parents or relatives and less than 5 percent live in the houses of their own.

  “ The report shows most post90s graduates have to purchase a house on their own,” said Tian Feng,deputy director of the research lab for teenagers and social problems affiliated(隶属的)to CASS.It is still a rigid(一成不变的)demand for the post90s to have their own houses.Only one third of respondents agree to lower their current living conditions to save money to purchase a house,and about 55 percent choose not to buy a house if the investment means a heavy debt burden.

  More than half of the graduates believe that property investment is the best way to maintain the value of money for the time being.However,if the graduates had a sum of money for a down payment on a home,most said they would rather use the money on entrepreneurship(创业)or other business endeavors which they say provide a sense of achievement.

  Tian said that on the one hand,the post1990 generation recognize traditional Chinese values which regard property as a necessity to build a family but on the other hand,they prefer a highquality and freestyle life instead of living under the economic restrictions imposed by heavy house loans.

  24.Which of the following is NOT about post1990 graduates’ property ownership?

  A.They put more stress on personal value.

  B.They are unwilling to lower their current living conditions.

  C.They want to invest on other things providing a sense of achievement.

  D.They needn’t purchase a house on their own.

  25.What does the underlined word “incurring” probably mean?

  A.Bearing. B.Leaving.C.Clearing. D.Removing.

  26.According to the passage,at most how many graduates interviewed have their own houses?

  A.206. B.137.C.69. D.55.

  27.What can we infer from the last paragraph about the post1990 generation?

  A.They treat property as a preference to build a house.

  B.They prefer a highquality and freestyle life.

  C.They have mixed feelings about property ownership.

  D.They lack a sense of responsibility.

  (C)

  When her five daughters were young, Helene An always told them that there was strength in unity(团结). To show this, she held up one chopstick, representing one person. Then she easily broke it into two pieces. Next, she tied several chopsticks together, representing a family. She showed the girls it was hard to break the tied chopsticks. This lesson about family unity stayed with the daughters as they grew up.

  Helene Ann and her family own a large restaurant business in California. However, when Helene and her husband Danny left their home in Vietnam in 1975, they didn't have much money. They moved their family to San Francisco. There they joined Danny's mother, Diana, who owned a small Italian sandwich shop. Soon afterwards, Helene and Diana changed the sandwich shop into a small Vietnamese restaurant. The five daughters helped in the restaurant when they were young. However, Helene did not want her daughters to always work in the family business because she thought it was too hard.

  Eventually the girls all graduated from college and went away to work for themselves, but one by one, the daughters returned to work in the family business. They opened new restaurants in San Francisco and Los Angeles. Even though family members sometimes disagreed with each other, they worked together to make the business successful. Daughter Elizabeth explains, “Our mother taught us that to succeed we must have unity, and to have unity we must have peace. Without the strength of the family, there is no business.”

  Their expanding business became a large corporation in 1996, with three generations of Ans working together. Now the Ans' corporation makes more than $20 million each year. Although they began with a small restaurant, they had big dreams, and they worked together. Now they are a big success.

  28. Helene tied several chopsticks together to show ________.

  A. the strength of family unity

  B. the difficulty of growing up

  C. the advantage of chopsticks

  D. the best way of giving a lesson

  29. We can learn from Paragraph 2 that the Ann family ________.

  A. started a business in 1975

  B. left Vietnam without much money

  C. bought a restaurant in San Francisco

  D. opened a sandwich shop in Los Angeles

  30. What can we infer about the Ann daughters?

  A. They did not finish their college education.

  B. They could not bear to work in the family business.

  C. They were influenced by what Helene taught them.

  D. They were troubled by disagreement among family members.

  31. Which of the following can be the best title for the passage?

  A. How to run a corporation

  B. Strength comes from peace

  C. How to achieve a big dream

  D. Family unity builds success

  (D)

  Across Britain,burnt toast will be served to mothers in bed this morning as older sons and daughters rush to deliver their supermarket bunches of flowers. But,according to a new study,we should be placing a higher value on motherhood all year.

  Mothers have long known that their home workload was just as heavy as paid work.Now,the new study has shown that if they were paid for their parental labours,they would earn as much as £172,000 a year.

  The study looked at the range of jobs mothers do,as well as the hours they are working,to determine the figure.This would make their yearly income £30,000 more than the Prime Minister earns.

  By analysing the numbers,it found the average mother works 119 hours a week,40 of which would usually be paid at a standard rate and 79 hours as overtime.After questioning 1,000 mothers with children under 18,it found that, on most days,Mums started their routine work at 7 am and finished at around 11 pm.

  To calculate just how much mothers would earn from that labour,it suggested some of the roles that Mums could take on,including housekeeper,parttime lawyer,personal trainer and entertainer.Being a parttime lawyer,at £48.98 an hour,would prove to be the most profitable of the “Mum jobs”,with psychologist(心理学家) a close second.

  It also asked mothers about the challenges they face,with 80 per cent making emotional(情感的) demand as the hardest thing about motherhood.

  Over a third of Mums felt they needed more training and around half said they missed going out with friends.

  The study shows mothers matter all year long and not just on Mother's Day.The emotional,physical and mental energy mothers devote to their children can be neverending,but children are also sources of great joy and happiness.Investing(投入) in time for parenting and raising relationships is money well spent.

  32.How much would a mother earn a year if working as the Prime Minister?

  A.£30,000. B.£142,000.

  C.£172,000. D.£202,000.

  33.The biggest challenge for most mothers is from ________.

  A.emotional demand B.low pay for work

  C.heavy workload D.lack of training

  34.What is stressed in the last paragraph?

  A.Mothers' importance shows in family all year long.

  B.The sacrifices mothers make are huge but worthwhile.

  C.Mothers' devotion to children can hardly be calculated.

  D.Investing time in parenting would bring a financial return.

  35.What can we conclude from the study?

  A.Mothers' working hours should be largely reduced.

  B.Mothers should balance their time for work and rest.

  C.Mothers' labour is of a higher value than it is realized.

  D.Mothers should be freed from housework for social life.

  第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

  根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

  Do’s and Don’ts of Donating

  Giving up your unused or unwanted stuff is a great way to make space in your home for the items that you do enjoy on a regular basis.36.________ Here are some do’s and don’ts of donating your belongings.

  Do Prep Your Clothes

  You’ve thoroughly cleaned out your closets and drawers,and have a mountain of clothing waiting to be donated.Before you bag up these pieces,inspect each one to ensure that they’re in good condition.Make sure all buttons are accounted for,and that you can’t see any stains.37________

  Don’t Donate Damaged Items

  The number one rule of donating your stuff is to make sure that it’s in good,useable condition.Don’t pass along clothes or furniture with rips(裂口)or stains,chipped dishes,books that are missing pages,or games with lost pieces.38.________ Find a local company that will recycle these items instead.

  Do Donate More Than Just Clothes

  39________ Stuffed animals,flamed pictures,unused candles,small power tools,sports equipment,ornaments,baskets,blenders,dishes,glassware,utensils,silverware,pots and pans,curtains,blankets,toasters,mixers,pillows,towels,bed sheets,bikes,and exercise equipment are much sought after donations.

  40________

  With a little common sense it’s easy to figure out items that are ideal for donation.But unfortunately some people will throw away the contents of their home without a second thought.As a gentle reminder,it’s never a good idea to donate car parts,flammable products,construction materials,weapons,or explosives.

  A.Nobody wants to inherit your damaged belongings.

  B.Food donations are always in need.

  C.Don’t Even Think of Donating These Items

  D.Not sure where to start?

  E.Don’t Donate Large Appliances

  F.Clothes aren’t the only household items that can be donated.

  G.Wash the items to make them fresh and ready for their new owner.

  第三部分英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

  第一节完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

  阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。

  You may be surprised to see “making sure children never suffer” as a mistake. The following __41__may help you understand how rescuing children from all suffering __42__weakness.

  A little boy felt sorry for a butterfly struggling to __43__from its chrysalis(蛹).He decided to __44__the butterfly.So he peeled(剥开) the chrysalis open for the butterfly.The little boy was so __45__to watch the butterfly spread its wings and fly off into the sky.Then he was horrified __46__he watched the butterfly fall to the ground and die because it did not have the muscle __47__to keep flying.In fact,the butterfly's struggle to __48__the chrysalis helps the butterfly become stronger.

  Like the little boy,__49__too often want to protect their children from struggle in the __50__of love.They don't realize that their children need to struggle,to experience __51__,to deal with disappointment,and to solve their own problems. Only in this way can children __52__their emotional strength,become __53__ and develop the skills necessary for the even bigger struggles they will meet throughout their lives.Children experiencing sufferings can __54__the ups and downs of life.

  However,it isn't helpful either in this case when parents __55__lectures(训斥),blame and shame to what the child is experiencing. Mothers __56__to say,“Stop crying and acting like a spoiled boy. You can't always get what you want.” These __57__words should be avoided.

  Instead,parents can offer loving support. You can say,“Don't lose __58__.Be brave! You will succeed if you try again.” Then comes the tough part—no __59__and no lectures.Simply allow him to discover that he can get over his disappointment and __60__what he can do to get what he wants in the future.

  41.A.story   B.proverb  C.saying   D.experiment

  42.A.damages   B.burns C.creates   D.experiences

  43.A.hear   B.suffer  C.date   D.emerge

  44.A.kill   B.feed  C.help   D.rescue

  45.A.excited   B.moved  C.puzzled   D.depressed

  46.A.as   B.since  C.before   D.until

  47.A.power   B.energy  C.strength   D.force

  48.A.come up with  B.do away with C.get along with  D.break away from

  49.A.teachers   B.parents  C.relatives   D.friends

  50.A.case   B.charge  C.name   D.course

  51.A.friendships   B.scholarships C.relationships   D.hardships

  52.A.strengthen   B.require C.get   D.achieve

  53.A.warmhearted   B.strongwilled C.absentminded   D.coldblooded

  54.A.expect   B.predict  C.survive   D.avoid

  55.A.add   B.adapt  C.devote   D.contribute

  56.A.pretend   B.happen  C.tend   D.seem

  57.A.discouraging   B.inspiring C.interesting   D.touching

  58.A.heart   B.face  C.sight   D.weight

  59.A.parking   B.smoking  C.drinking   D.rescuing

  60.A.figure out   B.carry out C.rule out   D.drop out

  第II卷

  第三部分英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

  第二节(共10小题,每小题1.5分,满分15分)

  阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

  What defines a healthy city? Is it a place with a lot of open spaces __61__ people can exercise and enjoy the fresh air? A place with little or no pollution? A place in which people can __62__ (free) socialize and express their ideas? Perhaps, it’s all that plus more. Other considerations are the availability of health and fitness facilities, an excellent healthcare program and sincere efforts by __63___ local government to actively promote health and wellness among its citizens. Of all the cities in the world, one of the top six__64___ (healthy) cities is Copenhagen, Denmark.

  Copenhageners love to walk. Foot traffic accounts __65__ 80% of all traffic in the Copenhagen city center. Those who prefer can also bike. It is estimated that more than a third of all work trips in Copenhagen ___66___ (carry) out on a bike. As for the climate here, the city does not have the blessing of pleasant weather all year round. __67__ everything starts to freeze, it turns several city squares into huge skating fields. The frozen parts of the city also make __68___ easier for residents to skate around. The city also has museums and art galleries for the kids and __69__ (grown-up). It has the RoyalDanishAcademy of Fine Art and the Royal Library housed in a rather grand building __70___ (call) the Black Diamond.

  第四部分写作(共两节,满分40分)

  第一节短文改错 (共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

  下面短文中有10处语言错误,请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。

  增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(^),并在其下面写上该加的词。

  删除:把多余的词用斜线()划掉。

  修改:在错词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

  注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

  2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

  Dear Jim,

  So glad that you are interested in my new flat. Now I would like tell you something about it. Locating in the north of the city, this ResidentialCenter is small with only six building. My flat, which covers the area of 36 square meters, is in the fourth floor in Building 2. It consisted of a sitting room, a bedroom, a kitchen and a toilet. When you enter into the flat, you will find yourself in the sitting room. The sitting room is the part that I like best, because it is brightly with a lovely balcony, which I can enjoy the beautiful garden below. Although my flat is small, I like them very much because it is comfortable.

  Best regards,

  Yours,

  Li Hua

  第二节书面表达(满分30分)

  假如你是李华,大一新生,寒假将至,请你以感恩(gratitude)为题给母校恩师写一封信,(100字左右),内容需包括:

  1. 自己近况

  2. 表达对老师,母校的感激

  3. 自己打算

  _____________________________________________________________

  _____________________________________________________________

  _____________________________________________________________

  Dear teacher,

  Yours

  Faithfully

  高考英语试题答案

  听力:1-5:ABCCA 6-10:ABCBA 11-15:AACCB 16-20:CCABC

  阅读:21-40:ABD DACC ABCD BABC DGAFC

  完形:41-60:ACDCA ACDBC DABCA CAADA

  语法填空:1.where 2.freely 3.the 4.healthiest 5.for

  6.are carried 7.When/As 8.it 9.grown-ups 10.called

  改错:Dear Jim,

  So glad that you are interested in my new flat. Now I would like tell you something about it.

  to

  Locating in the north of the city, this ResidentialCenter is small with only six building. My flat,

  Located buildings

  which covers the area of 36 square meters, is in the fourth floor in Building 2. It consisted of a

  an on consists

  sitting room, a bedroom, a kitchen and a toilet. When you enter into the flat, you will find yourself

  去掉

  in the sitting room. The sitting room is the part that I like best, because it is brightly with a lovely

  bright

  balcony, which I can enjoy the beautiful garden below. Although my flat is small, I like them very

  where it

  much because it is comfortable.

  Best regards,

  Yours,

  Li Hua

  参考范文:

  Dear teacher,

  How are you going recently ? I miss you very much.

  I was your student for four years and I really learned much from you. You taught us how to be real and honest people, for which I was grateful. From the bottom of my heart, I will say “thank you” to you and our school.

  I am getting along well with my friends and studies at university. In my spare time, I take part in some clubs, which I think is important for my improvement. If time is enough, I often go to the library for further study. As a result, I made rapid progress.

  Thank you again, my dear teacher. If I have time, I will go back to see you. Also I will study harder to repay you and our school.

  Yours

  Faithfully

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