（一）基础：引导词---who, which, that, whom,
练习1.I like cities___________are quiet and clean. 2.I prefer students _________are hard- working.
3.I hate TV shows _________ are noisy and boring.4.The music __________ is gentle and quiet attracts me a lot.
5.The food __________tastes delicious is not always healthy.
6.Those boys ___________ are playing basketballs over there are from Class Fifteen.
7.The books ____________ are written by Lu Xun are worth reading.
8.The town ___we visited last week is much larger than before.9.The book ___ he bought is very interesting.
2.被修饰的先行词为 ________________________________________________等不定代词时, 只能用 that.
3.先行词被 _____________________________________________等词修饰时，只能用 that，而不用 which。
4.先行词里同时含有______________________，如I can remember well the persons and some pictures that I saw in the room.
5. 以______________________引导的特殊疑问句，只能用that.如： Who is the girl that is crying?
1. I am interested in everything___ is about the 2006 World Cup.
2. Is there anything___I can do for you? 3. This is the very bike ______I lost
4.To my surprise, he gave me nothing __ I need. 5.This is the best dictionary __ I have ever used.
6. He was the first person _______passed the exam.
7.He talked happily about the men and books________interested him greatly.
1. The student ______father works in the factory is sitting there.
2. I like the rooms ______windows face south.3. This is the desk ______legs were broken.
4The woman ___ umbrella you took is angry about it.5.Here comes a girl ___ handwriting is the best .
6The banana __skin is green can’t be eaten.7That tall tree _ leaves are yellow is very old.
1-He is one of the boys who ____ (doesn’t, don’t) finish doing homework.
2-I like films which ____(be) exciting and interesting.
3-Children who often ____(eat) junk food are easy to become fat and unhealthy.
4-That boy who _____(run) fastest is from our class.
5Those boys who ____ playing the guitar are from our school. (be)
6The trees which _____ (be) watered yesterday belong to them.
7The man who ____ over there is our teacher.(stand)
8Those boys who ____ playing the guitar are from our school. (be)
9Mr. Brown is one of the foreign experts _______ _________ (work) in China.
10I’m one of the boys ______ ________(like) English best.
1）I will never forget the day __________ I joined the army.
2) I will never forget the days ______ I worked here.
3) I will never forget the year ____________ my son went to college.
1）Have you found the book ________I paid 29 dollars?
2）Have you found the book ________I spent 29 dollars?
3) Have you found the book _____________we learnt a lot?
4) Have you found the book _______she often talks?
1. It must be a good place ________________we can do a lot of exercise.
2.This is the village _________________we visited last week.
3.The house _______ we live in is very big./ The house _______ we live is very big
4. The woman ___________ talked to you just now is a doctor. The woman ______ you talked to is my sister.
The woman to ___________ you talked is my sister.
5. This is the hospital ____________ I was born in.
This is the hospital in _________I was born. This is the hospital____________ I was born.
1. The boy ______ is wearing the black jacket is very clever.
2. This is the present ____he gave me for my birthday.3.The man _______ talked to you just now is an engineer.
4. He talked about the teachers and schools _______ he had visited.
5. There is nothing in the world ______can frighten him.
6. We visited a factory _______makes toys for children.
7. Is this the place _______ your father once lived
8. I’ll never forget the days _______ I joined the League.
9The car______my father bought last month is beautiful.
10The man______hair is white is his grandfather.
如Where does she live? ( Do you know?) ----Do you know where she lives?
Which is the way to the nearest shop?/ What’s wrong with you?/ What’s up?/ What’s the matter?
如：1. It’s going to rain. I think. ---I think it’s going to rain.
2. “I will go with you .” he says. ---He says he will go with me.
3. He studied English ten years ago. I know. I know he studied English ten years ago.
如：It’s going to rain. I thought. ---I thought it was going to rain.
“I will go with you.” he said. ---He said he would go with me.
如1 The earth turns round the sun. The teacher told us---The teacher told us that the earth turns round the sun.
2 Light travels much faster than sound. She said … ---She said that light travels much faster than sound.
如1. He’ll be back in a month. ( I hear…) I hear ( that ) he will be back in a month.
2. I have been to the Great Wall once. ( He tells me…) He tells me ( that ) he has been to the Great Wall once.
如：*Does he live in that house? ( She asked me …) She asked me if/ whether he lived in that house.
*Have you finished your homework? ( I want to know…) I want to know if you have finished your homework.
3) ___________句，用原句中的特殊疑问词引导：what, who, where, when, which, why, how (many/ much/ often/ long/ old).如： Who are you waiting for? Can you tell me? --- Can you tell me who you are waiting for?
What did he do yesterday? I don’t know. ---I don’t know what he did yesterday.
***其中 以wh- 疑问词或how 引导的宾语从句与动词不定式可相互转换
如I don’t know what I can do.可以说成 I don’t know what to do.
The policeman showed me where I could get books. 可以说成The policeman showed me where to get books.
Can you tell me how I can make a kite?可以说成 Can you tell me how to make a kite?
4).宾语从句___________。在_________________________________等动词所跟的宾语中，如果从句谓语是否定的，一般要将否定词not转移至主句谓语上去，而将从句谓语改为肯定形式。如：I don’t think he has time to play with the girl.