Learn to use direct speech and indirect speech
2. Teaching important point
Summarize the rules of Direct Speech and Indirect Speech.
3. Teaching difficult point
Learn about the special cases in which the tenses shouldn’t be changed.
4. Teaching methods
Discussing, summarizing and practicing.
5. Teaching procedures
Step1 Lead in
T: In the last lesson, we learned Anne Frank’s story. She is telling her stories to two of her friends—you and Tom. Tom has something wrong with his ears,so you have to repeat Anne’s sentences, using indirect speech. Sometimes you explain Tom’s sentences to Anne.
“I have to stay in the hiding place.” said Anne. →
Anne said she had to stay in the hiding place.
“Do you feel sad when you are not able to go outdoors?” Tom asked Anne. →
Tom asked Anne if/whether she felt sad when she was not able to go outdoors.
“I don’t want to set down a series of facts in a diary,” said Anne.→
Anne said that she didn’t want to set down a series of facts in a diary.
“What do you call your diary?” Tom asked. →
Tom asked what she called her diary.
Ss go on this topic by themselves.
T: Now let’s look at these sentences again. If we want to change Direct Speech into Indirect Speech, what should be changed?
Ss discuss by themselves.
Ss: sentence structures, tenses, pronouns, adverbials of time and place and verbs should be changed.
T: Quite right. Look at the form on the screen. These are the rules.
She said, "I am very happy to help you."→
She said that she was very happy to help you.
2. 直接引语是一般/选择疑问句，变成间接引语时，由连词whether或if 引导。例如：
He asked me, "Do you like playing football?"→
He asked me if/whether I liked playing football.
注意：大多数情况下，if和whether 可以互换，但后有or not,或在动词不定式前，或放在介词后作连接词时，一般只用whether。例如：
She asked me whether he could do it or not.
3. 直接引语是特殊疑问句，变成间接引语时，由相应的疑问词who, whom, whose, how, when, why, where 等引导。例如：
My sister asked me, "How do you like the film?"→
My sister asked me how I liked the film.
4. 直接引语是祈使句，变成间接引语时，把动词原形变成动词不定式，并在动词不定式前加tell, ask, order 等的宾语。例如：
The captain ordered, "Be quiet."→
The captain ordered us to be quiet.
My teacher asked me, "Don't laugh."→
My teacher asked me not to laugh.
He asked Lucy, "Where did you go?"→
He asked Lucy where she went.
Tom said, "What do you want, Ann?"→
Tom asked Ann what she wanted.
They told their son, "The earth goes round the sun."→
They told their son that the earth goes round the sun.
He said, "I haven't seen her today."→
He said that he hadn't seen her that day.
Direct Speech Indirect Speech
Past past and past perfect
Present perfect past perfect
Past perfect past perfect
Present continuous past continuous
T: Turn to Page 5. Please change the following direct speech into indirect speech and indirect into direct.
1. “I’m going to hide from the Germans,” Anne said.
2. “I don’t know the address of my new home,” said Anne.
3. “I cannot ask my father because it is not safe to know,” she said.
4. “I had to pack up my things very quickly,” the girl said.
5. “Why did you choose your diary and old letters?” Dad asked her.
6. Mum asked her if/whether she was very hot with so many clothes on.
7. Margot asked her what else she had got.
8. Anne asked her father when they would go back home.
9. Anne asked her sister how she could see her friends.
10. Mother asked Anne why she had gone to bed so late the night before.
Step4 Correcting mistakes
T analyses the common mistakes Ss have made during the practice.
T: Now let’s look at the screen and pay attention to these sentences. Choose the right sentence and tell me why the other one is wrong.
Step5 A game
Play a guessing game “who is my secret friend?” One student comes to the front with his partner.
The rest students ask him questions while his partner changes them into indirect speech. In the end, the person who has guessed the right answer can come to the front to take the place of the first student .So the game goes on.
Can your friend speak?
What does he/she wear today?
Is he/she tall or short?
What do you and your friend do in your free time?
Do you quarrel with each other?...
Do Exercise1 on Page 42. Here is another page of Anne’s diary. Read it through and then use indirect speech to retell the story.
Period 4 integrating skills “Friendship in Hawaii”
1. Teaching objectives:
To learn about ways of showing friendship in Hawaii and share their opinions on friendship. Because it is a lesson of integrating skills, Ss are also asked to write sentences on friendship.
2. Teaching procedures:
1. Talk about different ways of showing friendship of minority groups in China.
2. Compare Chinese ways of showing friendship with Western ways. And discuss why there is a big difference. Therefore, show the sentence: Every culture has its own ways to show friendship.
3. Ask students if they can think of any place in the world where Chinese and Western cultures live side by side. They may think of Hongkong, Macao, Singapore. And the teacher will add one more -------Hawaii.
Step2 Fast reading
1. It is said that Hawaii is a place where the East truly meets the west. Consider how people show their friendship in Hawaii.
Show a picture and find the information from the textbook. ( by giving “leis” to one another.)
Explain what is a “lei”.
2. Read fast and find out more ways to show friendship in Hawaii to fill in the form.
3. According to the form, ask them to consider what friendship is in Hawaiians.
Step 3 Careful reading
1. Read the 2nd paragraph carefully and ask “Why do many different peoples call Hawaii their home?”
( Hawaii is a place where people make one big community from many smaller communities. It means Hawaii has a rich cultural diversity.)
Step 4 Writing task
1. Show proverbs about friends and friendship. Explain them and ask Ss to choose some they agree with and some they disagree with and explain why.
2. Discuss with their partner and try to write some similar sentences to show their opinions on friendship.
Step 5 Homework
Surf the Internet to collect materials like poems, stories about friendship. And share them with your friends.
Period 5 Listening & Writing
1. Teaching objectives
To practise students’ listening ability.
To practise students’ writing skills of how to offer advice.
To improve students’ ability to help others solve problems.
2. Teaching procedure
(Analysis: Listening and writing are expansion of the topic of the text. Listening is about Lisa’s problem of making a friend with a boy. She asks Miss Wang for advice. Through listening and exercise, students learn how to give advice and the skill of giving advice. And also let them think about the problem of boy’s making friends with girls and girls with boys. And then design a task to ask students to give advice according to the different problems to practise their ability to solve the problems. All of these lay the foundation for the next task writing. In this way, students feel that they have information to put out. And writing makes for the improvement of students’ writing ability, strengthening their comprehension of friendship.)
Step 1 Lead-in
Do you remember what Ann’s best friend is?
Is it a man or a thing?
Have you seen the film Cast Away?
When Tom is alone on a deserted island, what does he make friends with? ( a volleyball)
Guess what my best friend is? (Say sth. about music, pets or plants.)
So you see a man can make friends with anyone and anything.
Then boys, would you like to make friends with girls? Girls, would you like to make friends with boys?
What kind of girl would you like to make friends with? And what kind of boy would you like to make friends with?
If you see a boy classmate makes a friend with a girl, will you say something about them behind?
(If no, say you are kind. If yes, say you are a gossiper.)
If you are that boy/girl, would you like to be gossiped about?
But here Lisa has such a problem. Read the letter. Lisa is asking you for help. What advice will you give? You are given 2 minutes to discuss in groups and then offer group’s opinions.
Step 2 Listening
Besides you Lisa also asks Miss Wang of Radio for Teenagers for help. What advice does Miss Wang give to Lisa? Let’s listen to what she says.
Listen for 3 times and do listening exercises.
Step 3 Post-listening
Do you think Miss Wang’s advice is helpful?
Now suppose you are editors of Radio for Teenagers, here are some problems for you to offer advice.
(Give each group a problem and ask them to write down their advice.)
1. I don’t have enough pocket money.
2. I’m not satisfied with my appearance.
3. My desk mate has lost a reference book, she/he thinks that I’m a thief.
4. I work hard but I hardly make progress.
5. I want to travel to WuZhen Town with my fiends this weekend, but my parents don’t allow me to go.
6. I don’t like the way Mr. Li teaches us English, so I’m not interested in English any longer.
7. My mother has just given birth to my little brother. I’m worried that the baby will rob me of my parents’ love and even everything.
8. I quarreled with my best friend 3 days ago. Up to now, we haven’t said a word to each other.
9. I’d like to be monitor, but at the same time I doubt whether I have such ability.
10. I’m often late for school. The teacher is so angry that he threatens that if I’m late again, I will be dismissed.
Step 4 Writing
Your advice is good and helpful. All of you are qualified editors. Now I have just received a letter from a lonely boy. Read the letter, what is his problem? What is your advice for him? Write a reply.
Step 5 Homework
Write a story about you and your friend.