八年级英语下课件

课件 时间:2017-08-31 编辑:家瑱 手机版
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  八年级英语下课件1

  一、素质教育目标

  (-)知识储备

  1. 本单元的语言目标是“Talk about past experiences”(谈论过去的经历),围绕这一目标,要涉及句型:

  ---Have you ever been to an amusement park?

  ---No, I’ve been to an amusement park.

  ---Yes, I have. I went to there last year.

  因此要储备space amusement park, water world, Peru, Holland等表示地点的词,以便为上述句型提供语言材料。同时还有储备tour guide, flight attendant等表示职业身份的词。

  2. 本单元中,主要学习现在完成时这一语法概念,因此,要储备现在完成时有关的知识。“have/has+过去分词”是该时态的表达形式,过去分词的变化规律和动词的一般过去时相似。同时还要主要现在完成时和一般过去时用法的不同。

  3. 在学习本单元时,还要储备neither引导的倒装句相关的知识,以及用现在进行时表示将来发生的事件的用法。

  (二)能力培养点

  1. 培养学生能用现在完成时谈论自己过去的经历,能够正确地运用现在完成时和一般过去时。

  2. 培养学生的学习兴趣,开拓学生的视野,增强学生对外界知识的了解。

  3. 结合教材内容,培养学生的阅读能力。

  (三)情感体验点

  1. 使学生在学习中学会交流、合作,增强英语的重要性意识和未来的职业意识、世界意识。

  2. 使学生通过阅读交流,获得阅读的快乐、促进学习成就感。

  3. 引导学生观察、思考,促进认识能力的发展。

  二、教学设想

  1. 重点、难点、疑点

  (1)本单元的语言目标是谈论过去的经历,涉及到现在完成时的理解和运用,所以现在完成时是本单元的重难点。

  (2)学生在学习过程中,难以正确地理解和运用现在完成时和一般过去时,故现在完成时和一般过去时的区别是本单元的难点。

  (3)学生在学习现在完成时中,对have been to / have gone to 的区分以及现在完成时中怎样描述动作和时间都有疑惑,这些是本单元的疑难点。

  2. 课型及基本教学思路

  本单元的语法要点是现在完成时。语言目标是“谈论过去的经历”,涉及到表示地点的词和表示动作的词。因此在教学中要采用图片展示、谈论、引导的思路,充分利用教材内容和练习周围实际,通过交流、对话等手段,让学生在实际情景和运用过程中体验该时态的含义。

  三、媒体平台

  1.教具学具的准备

  教师应准备好录音机、磁带、图片、地图、调查表等。设计一系列地点制成图标附上图片。

  学生应准备好学习用品、调查表、标明地点的图片等。

  2. 多媒体课件撷英

  (1) 课件构想

  教师可以设计一系列卡通动物图片和地点图片,让卡通动物在音乐中说:I have ever been to the Monkey Island. I went there last year. I’m going there next year. 然后请学生复述这些卡通动物的过去经历。同时卡通动物会有一些问题询问学生,请学生们回答,如“Have you ever been to …? When did you go there? Do you want to go there again?”

  教师还可以设计一份自己过去的经历,请学生阅读完成表格,并向全班汇报。

  Name:

  ever last… next…

  (2) 素材准备

  在教学过程中,教学双方都可以储备可供谈论地点的图片或地图,储备必要的句型文字或表格、调查表。

  A. Have you ever been to an amusement park?

  Yes, I have. I went there last year.

  No, I haven’t.

  B.

  Name Place Have you ever … When ...

  C. 储备卡通动物的歌曲和地点。储备P70 3a以及P72 3a的文章的录音内容,供学生作文朗读示范。

  教学步骤

  Section A

  (一)本课目标

  1. 掌握现在完成时这一语法项目,即have/has + 动词过去分词。

  2. 掌握amusement park, space museum, water park等一些表示地点的词汇。

  3. 掌握利用现在完成时来谈论过去的经历这一语言功能目标。

  4. 学会区别一般过去、现在完成时和一般将来时这三种语法在时间上的不同。

  (二)教学流程

  1.情景导入

  教师可以让学生看一些熟悉的地点的图片,并问What place is this? Do you like it? Do you want to go there? 学生回答。

  2.课前热身

  教师可让学生看“amusement park, museum, water park”等地方的图片,并问学舌问题“What place is this?”引导学生说,“Yes, I have.或No, I haven’t.”再问学生一些同样的问题,然后向学生指明:“have/has + 动词的过去分词”这种结构为现在完成时。

  3. 合作探究

  (1) 整体感知

  Section A 语言目标是:谈论过去的经历(Talk about past experiences)。1a的图片内容很好地展示了现在完成时的结构用法和意义。同时1b的听力、1c的结对练习也是围绕“现在完成时” 这一语法项目开展练习的。2a、2b、2c是现在完成时在实际生活中的运用,师生可由地图的讨论开始,在完成听力任务后,结合2c的pairwork来进一步练习现在完成时。3a、3b是语言知识的综合运用和示范,学生可在教师的指导下完成。第4部分要求学生完成下来调查表,充分练习现在完成时谈论过去的经历,然后自己制定调查表,并进行调查。

  (2) 四边互动

  师生互动

  互动1

  师生之间进行对话,利用准备的图片。

  T: What place is this?

  S: It’s ….

  T: Do you like it?

  S: Yes, I do.

  T: Have you ever been there?

  S: Yes, I have./ No, I haven’t.

  明确:向学生呈现现在完成时基本句型结构以及谈论过去经历这一语言功能目标。

  互动2

  师生就所看的movie谈论过去的经历。

  T: Look at the movie. Has Mimi been to the Monkey Island?

  S: Yes, she has.

  T: When did she go there?

  S: She went there last year.

  T: Is she going there next year?

  S: Yes, she is.

  明确:使学生在兴趣盎然的情境下,区分一般过去时、现在完成时、一般将来时这三种语法在使用中的不同。

  生生互动

  互动3

  学生可以看1a的图画,利用1c所给的示范进行对话。

  S1: Have you ever been to an amusement Park?

  S2: No, I haven’t. Have you ever been to …?

  明确:学生学习运用现在完成时来提问或回答。

  互动4

  学生看老师的地图或课本上的图片,相互对话。

  S1: Have you ever been to the Space Museum?

  S2: Yes, I have.

  S1: When did you go there?

  S2: I went there last week.

  S1: Do you like it?

  S2: Yes. Very much.

  S1: Are you going there next year?

  S2: Yes, I am.

  明确:学生在模仿中学会正确运用这三种不同的时态。

  师生与教材互动

  互动5

  师生共同学习3a的内容,然后就3a的内容完成3b的任务,所编对话如下:

  A: Have you ever been to Huis Ten Bosch?

  B: No, never. But I’d like to go there.

  A: Why?

  B: Because there is a big zoo in it and I”ve never been to the zoo before.

  A: Neither have I.

  明确:通过学生的谈论过去的经历,加深学生对现在完成时的理解和运用。

  互动6

  师生就P70第4部分的Pairwork来完成本单元的调查报告,并把调查的结果向全班同学汇报。

  明确:让学生在完成调查报告的过程中,认真领悟“现在完成时”“谈论过去的经历”这一本单元的语言目标。

  (三)延伸拓展

  1.当别人询问某人在哪儿时,你应如何应答?如:

  A: Where is Mr Wang?

  B: He _________ Gulang Island. (A. has been to B. has gone to C. went D. has been)

  2.想一想你曾经去过哪些地方,请你告诉你的同学或朋友有关这些经历。

  3.课后,同学们根据实际情况,设计调查报告,去调查朋友或亲人曾经的经历,并把调查结果向全体同学汇报。

  Section B

  (一)本课目标

  1. 在本课中,进一步巩固运用现在完成时来谈论过去的经历。

  2. 学习现在完成时表示动作从过去一直延续到现在的用法,即对“动作和时间”的要求。

  3. 能够综合运用英语知识来谈论自己过去的,提供自己的语言运用的能力。

  (二)教学流程

  1.情境导入

  教师可向学生讲述几个关于学习英语重要性的小故事,激发学生学习英语的紧迫感和责任感。

  2.课前热身

  教师提出问题“Why do you study English?”学生讨论并给出自己的原因。

  3.合作探究

  (1)整体感知

  Section B是Section A内容的复习、延伸和拓展,是语言综合知识的运用和体现。教学过程中,可由1a的讨论、排序开始,再结合1a的内容,完成1b的pariwork。2a、2b的听力部分可在师生间必要的对话铺垫的基础上进行。学生独立完成后,可围绕2a的问题完成2c的对话练习。3a、3b是原因知识的综合运用。3a是范文示例,通完成八个问题的回答加深对文章的理解。3b是写作训练,其中的问题起重要的启示作用,有助于学生写作任务的完成。Self Check鼓励学生参照本单元的相关内容完成。

  (2)四边互动

  互动1

  师生对话,谈论“Why do you study English?”

  T: Do you like English?

  S: Yes, I like it very much. / No, I don’t like it at all.

  T: Why do you study English?

  S1: Because English is very important.

  S2: Because I have to study English.

  明确:在师生对话的基础上,学生完成1a的任务。

  互动2

  T: When did you start learning English?

  S: I started learning English two years ago.

  T: How long have you been studying English?

  S: I have been studying English for 2 years. (教师诱导)

  T: Have you ever been to an English-speaking country?

  S: NO, I have never been to an English-speaking country.

  T: Do you want to improve your English?

  S: Yes, because I want to travel the world. (教师诱导)

  明确:通过对话,使学生对听力部分的任务做些必要的准备,同时通过语言的运用,让学生进一步体会现在完成时和一般过去时的不同。

  生生互动

  互动3

  在完成听力任务后,学生可围绕2b的调查报告展开讨论,再进行2c的pairwork。

  S1: What’s the boy’s name?

  S2: His name is Thomas Buzic.

  S1: How long has he been studying English?

  S2: He has been studying English for 3 years.

  S1: Has he ever been to an English-speaking country?

  S2: Yes, he has been to the USA.

  S1: When did he go there?

  S2: He went there when he was 13.

  S1: Why does he want to improve his English?

  S2: Because he wants to travel the world.

  明确:提供祖国的语言材料和空间给学生,练习利用“现在完成时谈论过去的经历”,强调引导时间的介词for 和since的用法及对句子中动词的要求,动词要用延续性动词。

  师生与教材互动

  互动4

  师生共同看P72 3a的内容,完成内容下的8个问题。

  T: What does Mei Shan do?

  S: She is a flight attendant.

  明确:学习语言知识的综合运用,加深对输入的语言知识的理解。It was because I could speak English that I got the job.这是强调句结构。

  互动5

  师生共同看3b的问题,鼓励学生提出与之相关的问题,并回答这些问题。

  明确:这样做的目的,是有助于为学生的写作提供更多的语言信息材料的来源。

  (三)延伸拓展

  1.当你在询问时间时,要注意时态的不同。

  (1) How long has he lived in Beijing? (现在完成时)

  (2) When did he live in Beijing? (一般过去时)

  2.下面是三个同义句,你能说出什么规律吗?

  for 3 years.

  He has learned English for 3 years since 3 years ago.

  Since he was 14 years old.

  2.实践活动

  课后,学生完成一份调查报告,内容包括:A:你已经去过什么地方?B:你想去什么地方?C.你已经经历过什么事情?D.你想从事什么职业?为什么?统计出人们去过的最多的地方和最想去的地方。以书面形式向全班同学汇报,并把相关内容寄到报社或旅行社。

  八年级英语下课件2

  教学目标:

  1语言目标:掌握本单元词汇,听懂、掌握谈论读书的语言材料。

  2 技能目标:能听懂语言材料,掌握听的技巧;能就阅读方法提建议,掌握阅读策略;能读懂介绍名著的文章。

  3 情感目标:通过开展角色表演等活动,培养学生阅读兴趣。通过本单元的阅读,培养学生的文学鉴赏能力,陶冶思想情操。

  教学重点

  (1) 短语: hear of, be like ,go out ,full of, finish doing sth., be about, grow up,put down, hurry up, arrive on this island, make a boat, bring back, give up, wait for, cut down, build a house, kill…for food ,the marks of another man’s feet, who else, see sb. doing sth., run towards, help sb. do sth., name sb.…,teach sb. sth., be interested in ,can’t wait to do sth., used to, fight over, return home ,on the radio, make sb. do sth., think about, come to realize ,ever since, the home of, such as, belong to, be kind to sb., trust one another, remind sb. that…,have been to, do research on ,hope to do sth. introduce …to

  (2) 句子:Have you ever read Little Women yet?

  What’s it like?

  Oliver Twist is about a boy who goes out to sea and finds an island full of

  treasures.

  Steve, have you decided yet which book to write about for English class?

  Although I have lost everything, I have not lost my life.

  How long have they been here?

  So I will not give up and I will wait for another ship.

  Not long after that, I saw some cannibals trying to kill two men from a broken ship.

  One of them died, but the other ran towards my house.

  I named him Friday because that was the day I met him.

  Every time she is in the library, Sally looks at the many books she hasn’t read yet and can’t wait to read them.

  When Sarah was a teenager, she fought over almost everything with her family.

  Ever since then, she has been a fan of American country music.

  It reminds us that the best thing in life is free….

  Sarah hasn’t been to Nashville yet, but it is her dream to go there one day.

  He’s sold more than 120 million records.

  Have you introduced the singer to others?

  (3)语法:现在完成时

  教学难点:现在完成时与一般过去时的区别.

  课时划分

  Section A1 1a – 2d

  Section A2 3a-3c

  Section A 3 Grammar Focus 4a-4c

  Section B1 1a-2e

  Section B2 3a-3b Self check Summary

  Section A1 (1a – 2d)

  Step1 Presentation

  1a Look at the picture. Have you read these books? Check (√) the ones you know.

  ___ Alice in Wonderland ___ Little Woman

  ___ Treasure Island ___ Olive Twist

  ___ Robinson Crusoe ___ Tom Sawyer

  Step 2 Learn the new words

  treasure, island, classic, page, hurry, due

  Step 3 Listening

  1. 1b Listen and complete the chart.

  Book

  Title Name Have they

  read it? What do they think of it?

  Treasure Island Nick ×

  Judy √ exciting

  Robinson Crusoe Sandy ×

  Alan √ wonderful

  Little women Kate √ fantastic

  Harry ×

  Step 4 Speaking

  1c Practice the conversation. Then talk about the other books in 1a.

  Examples

  A: Have you read Little Women yet?

  B: No, I haven’t. Have you?

  A: Yes, I have already read it.

  B: What’s it like?

  A: It’s fantastic.

  Step 5 Listening

  2a Listen. Who has read these books? Circle the names.

  1. Treasure Island Mark / Tina

  2. Olive Twist Mark / Tina

  3. Robinson Crusoe Mark / Tina

  4. Tom Sawyer Mark / Tina

  Keys: 1. Tina 2. Mark Tina 3. Mark Tina 4. Tina

  2b Listen again. Write T for true and F for false.

  1. Oliver Twist is about a boy who goes out to sea and finds an island full of treasures. ( )

  2. Robinson Crusoe is a classic. ( )

  3. Tina thinks that Treasure Island is a fantastic book. ( )

  4. Tom Sawyer is about a boy who lives in the United Kingdom. ( )

  Keys: FTTF

  Step 6 Speaking

  2c Use the information in 2a and 2b to talk about the books.

  A: Has Tina read Treasure Island?

  B: Yes, she has. She thinks it’s fantastic.

  A: What’s it about?

  B: It’s about….

  2d Role –play the conversation

  Step 7 Language points and summary

  1. Oliver Twist is about a boy who goes out to sea and finds an island full of treasures.

  《雾都孤儿》是一个男孩去海边发现一个充满珍宝的岛的故事。

  full of 满是……的;(有)大量的

  e.g. The area is full of beautiful lakes and rivers.

  这个区域有大量美丽的湖泊和河流。

  2. Have you at least read the back of the book to see what it’s about?

  至少你已经读过书的背面,了解了它的大致内容吧?

  此句中的动词see表示“(通过查看、打听等)弄清、了解;查看、发现(信息或事实)”。作这种用法时,see常接how, what, when等引导的宾语从句。

  e.g. He agreed to go with me to see what was wrong.

  他同意跟我去了解一下毛病出在哪里。

  First of all, we need to take some time to see how it works.

  首先,我们需要花些时间了解一下它是如何运作的。

  3. You should hurry up. 你需要加快速度。

  hurry up 赶快;(急忙)做某事

  e.g. Hurry up, or we cannot get to the railway station on time.

  快些,否则我们不能按时赶到火车站了。

  4. Steve: …The book report is due in two weeks. 读书报告两周后必须交。

  Amy: Yes, I know… 是的,我知道…

  1) due adj. 预定;预期;预计

  后边引出预期的时间、地点等,还常常构成短语be due (to do something)或be due (for something)。

  e.g. Our plane is due at Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport at 12:30.

  我们的飞机预计于12:30降落在上海虹桥国际机场。

  Rose is due to start school in January.

  罗丝一月份就要开始上学了。

  You are due for a medical examination next month.

  你的身体检查预定在下个月。

  2) I know表示说话人对所谈的观点、内容已了解,无需多说,相当于汉语中“我早知道了;我全都了解”这样的意思,区别于许多日常交际场合中表示“我明白了;我知道了;我懂了”的用法。

  e.g. A: It’s already very late. You should get some rest.

  已经很晚了,你应该休息了。

  B: Well, I know. Thanks.

  对,我是知道的。谢谢。

  注意,当我们获知对方提供的信息后,常用I see. 表示“我知道了;我明白了;我懂了”。

  e.g. A: He lives in the countryside but works in the city during the week.

  他住在乡下,但工作日在城里上班。

  B: Oh, I see.

  哦,我知道了。

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