大学英语说课课件

课件 时间:2017-08-22 编辑:晓玲 手机版
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  大学的本质是一种功能独特的文化机构,是与社会的经济和政治机构既相互关联又鼎足而立的传承、研究、融合和创新高深学术的高等学府。那么大学英语如何学习?

  教学教材:

  《新视野大学英语》,外语教学与研究出版社出版.这是当前国内一套全方位立体式教材系列.该套教材与传统教材的不同之处在于,除了读写教程,听说教程以及快速阅读练习册等纸质教材外,还提供了教学光盘,网络课程,试题库和语料库.课文题材和体裁广泛,词汇量大,词汇分布呈渐进式,词汇在课文中复现率高.课后练习以主观题为主,有利于发展学生的语言运用能力.

  教学大纲:

  大学英语教学指基础阶段的英语学习,即一至二年级四个学期.其目的是为学生打好扎实的语言基础的同时,进一步培养和提高学生的阅读能力和一定的听,说,读,写,译能力.通过提问和讨论,培养学生分析,推理,归纳,综合等思考能力和表述,研讨,争辩,应答等语言运用能力.挖掘课本中富有"内涵意义"的语言内容,注重人对社会现实的思考.

  教学内容:

  《新视野大学英语》,第二册,第三单元,A部分:跨国婚姻.

  A部分为整个单元的精讲部分,起导入,语言学习的作用.

  教学对象:

  08级化学系本科班

  教学时间:

  4课时

  第一节至第二节:导入,听说活动

  第三节至第四节:A课文《跨国婚姻》分析

  教学目的:

  学生通过学习第三单元A部分内容,能够做到了解对于世界各地不同文化中对于婚姻的传统看法.

  思考相关话题:

  来自于不同文化的人结为夫妻,这样的婚姻将有怎样的优点和缺点 理解课文篇章结构以及如何使用论证法来写作.

  掌握A部分词汇及语言点.

  (通过达成以上教学目的,学生能够更好地理解课文A《跨国婚姻》的内容,以及在课文中出现的问题:为什么盖尔的父母反对她的跨国婚姻 )

  教学重点:

  课文内容相关文化背景知识.

  课文相关内容主题讨论.

  课文的中心思想和文章的篇章结构.

  课文语言点

  (第一,二节课为导入课,教师与学生须将更为注重主题内容和背景知识而不是语法和词汇点,教师鼓励学生开口说英语,以小组为单位积极展开讨论各个话题讨论.第三,四节课为课文精讲课,教师引导学生关注篇章结构和语言点,就此进行有目的地操练.)

  教学难点:

  对于跨国跨文化婚姻的理解和看法.

  课前预备活动的听力练习部分.

  掌握论证法写作技巧:

  在文章中就某一观点看法给予纠正并且给出作者自己的另一种看法.

  (1. 对于授课对象来说,跨国跨文化婚姻案例在他们周围的环境中并不常见.因此,教师应指导学生了解不同的人群对于跨国跨文化婚姻的不同看法,辅助以一些历史文化名人的跨国跨文化婚姻案例.

  2. 一些学生曾反映课前预备活动的听力练习部分较难,无法听懂,影响其对课文主题的深入理解,而这部分练习涉及到学生听说能力,因此教师通过篇章填空的形式适当降低难度.

  3. 教师教学和学生学习的过程中,往往会忽略文章的写作手法.而清晰明了地掌握课文中出现的写作技巧能够帮助学生提升其写作能力.)

  教学方法:

  视听教学法.

  启发式教学法.

  交际法.

  任务驱动法.

  第二课堂.

  (教师使用的以上教学方法应该是灵活多变的,并且有时根据教学任务的不同,可以混合几种教学方法.

  在A部分教学过程中,视听教学法主要是通过运用多媒体手段介绍课文背景相关文化知识,视频短片以及听力练习;

  在课文相关主题的介绍和讨论时,启发式教学法能够比传统的提问与回答更能激发学生的主动性和参与性;

  交际法有效运用于学生在导入部分的问题讨论;

  课文语言点讲解时,通过任务驱动法让学生就语言点相关例句和使用方法进行操练,加深理解;

  第二课堂要求学生通过网络搜索关于名人跨国婚姻的相关新闻并对此进行思考,培养其自主学习能力和创造力.)

  学生学习策略:

  独立搜索查找课文相关信息.

  充分预习课文并对课文中出现的语言难度做记号.

  学习的重心不仅仅在语言上还应在内容思想上.

  (学生通过以上策略来改进自己的传统的被动学习习惯,发展阅读技巧,培养独立思考和自主学习能力.)

  教学工具:

  多媒体教学设备;黑板

  教学方案:

  步骤一:导入

  1. 让学生猜测讨论"husband","wife"以及"family"这几个单词中每个字母在婚姻中蕴含的意义.

  2. 向学生介绍美国跨国婚姻的案例数据和相关信息.

  3. 给学生播放电影Pushing(《推手》)的关于跨国婚姻造成家庭成员文化冲突一小节片段

  4. 请学生就电影片段内容讨论:来自于不同文化的人结为夫妻,这样的婚姻将有怎样的优点和缺点

  5. 预备活动:学生听一小段关于盖尔和马克跨国婚姻的文章并且回答相关问题.

  步骤二:课文讲解

  1. 课文结构分析以及写作技巧分析

  2. 精讲词汇表中部分单词并让学生听词汇录音和跟读

  3. 精讲课文语言点与学生语言知识操练

  4. 布置学生课后任务:完成A部分课后练习,预习听说教程第三单元内容 板书设计:

  由于授课班级在多媒体教室上课,知识信息内容展现以PPT为主,板书为辅,以下是呈现在白板上的课堂内容:

  Unit 3

  (写下 "学生就'husband','wife'以及'family'这几个单词中每个字母在婚姻中蕴含的意义提出的看法")

  (写下 "学生就电影片段内容讨论得出的观点关键字")

  (写下 "学生在听力活动中对问题作出回答的关键字")

  Mixed Marriage

  (单词解析中,就学生出现的问题教师作出的进一步的解答)

  (课文解析中,就学生出现的问题教师作出的进一步的解答)

  课后学习任务布置:

  A部分课后练习

  预习听说教程第三单元内容

  附录:(第三单元A部分教案详案)

  教学对象 Teaching Subjects non- English major sophomore

  教学内容 Lesson Content New Horizon English 2 Unit 3

  教学目标 Teaching Objectives

  After studying this unit, the students are expected to be able to:

  1. learn about some traditional ideas about marriage practiced by different cultures around the world.

  2. understand the main idea and structure of Section A and Section B;

  3. learn device for developing a paragraph which starts with a correction of one idea and goes on to present another idea.

  4. master the key language points and grammatical structures in the text;

  5. conduct a series of reading, listening, speaking and writing activities related to the theme of the unit

  教学方法 Methodology

  1. Explanation & Translation

  2. Task-driving & communicative Method

  3. The Audio-Visual Approach

  教学用时 Time Allotment 8 periods

  1st-2nd period: Leading-in & reading activities

  3rd-4th period: Text analysis ( the key language points & structure ) 5th-6th period: Checking on students' learning tasks (Exercises in Section

  A & reading activities of Section B )

  7th-8th period: Listening practice

  重点 Key Issues

  1. Understanding and using the key words, phrases & expressions, patterns of Section A;

  2. Understanding the main idea and structure of the text;

  3. Mastering the device for developing a paragraph which starts with a correction of one idea and goes on to present another idea.

  难点 Potential Problems and Difficulties

  ● using the vocabulary and sentence structures learnt to talk about personal views on intercultural marriages.

  ● Mastering the device for developing a paragraph which starts with a correction of one idea and goes on to present another idea.

  教具 Teaching Aids

  Language computerized repeater / tape player / multi-media equipments 教学过程设计 Teaching Procedure:

  步骤1 Step 1 导入 Lead-in

  I. Introductory remarks: ideas about marriage

  Choosing a life-long partner can be one of the most challenging communication tasks for many people. Staying with that partner during sickness and health, in hard times and in good times, takes much skill and patience beyond the initial love that brings two people together. In this unit you will meet Gail and Mark who face the added problems that two different races bring to a marriage. You will observe how both cultures misunderstand each other's customs when you read about Rich's first meeting with his girlfriend's Chinese family. Finally, you will learn some traditional ideas about marriage practiced by different cultures around the world.

  II. Warming-up

  1)Guess the Real Meaning of Husband , Wife and Family

  For example w-washing i- f- e-

  (divide the students into 2 groups: girls and boys. Ask girls to think of the Real Meaning of Husband and Family while boys to think of the Real Meaning of Wife and Family. )

  2) Give Ss some information about the mixed marriage in U.S.A

  According to research conducted by Jenifer L. Bratter and Rosalind B. King on behalf of the Education Resources Information Center, Black male-White female and Asian male-White female marriages are more prone to divorce than White-White marriages. Conversely, marriages between White males and non-White females (and between Hispanics and non-Hispanic persons) have similar or lower risks of divorce than White-White marriages.

  3) Oftentimes, couples in intercultural marriages face barriers that most married couples of the same culture are not exposed to. Intercultural marriages are often influenced by external factors that can create dissonance and disagreement in relationships.

  ( Introduce Ss to watch clip from the movie Pushing)

  4) After watching the movie, Ss should discuss the topic: What benefits and differences may a couple from different cultures have in your opinion

  (e.g.: in terms of language, food, family pressure, social pressure, moral idea, etc.)

  5) Listening to a passage about the mixed marriage of Gail and Mark and answer the questions on page 52. And discussing the question: Would you mind marrying a person from a different culture or nation Why or why not

  步骤 2 Step 2 课文学习 Section A Mixed Marriage

  I. Idea catching

  ●How is the text organized

  The text falls into three parts: the mixed marriage of Gail and Mark, the reaction of Gail's mother toward their wedding plans, and the response of Gail's father toward their wedding plans.

  The text is a typical example of narration given in the first person. Through his narrative, the writer, a black man, tells the reader his mixed marriage and gives a vivid description of the attitudes of his girlfriend's parents toward a mixed marriage.

  The narration goes hand in hand with argumentation. This can be seen clearly in the second part.

  ● Structure Analysis

  Step IV. Text Structure Analysis

  (Paras. 1-4) The mixed marriage of Gail and Mark

  Device: Narration (叙事法): The story is told in the first person. Through his narrative, the writer, a black man, tells the reader his mixed marriage (Paras. 5-9) The reaction of Gail's mother to the marriage

  Device: Argumentation (论证法): Typical example of argumentation by rejecting the first idea and presenting some other idea. (page 64-65) (Paras. 10-21) The response of Gail's father to the marriage

  Device: Dialogue (对话法)

  II. New Words

  mutual

  mutual trust /compromise / support / benefits / understanding / tolerance

  2. overlook pretend not to notice

  She overlooked his offensiveness and tried to pretend nothing had happened.

  3. prejudice n. unreasonable dislike and distrust of people

  - What kind of prejudice is common in the world

  - Women have to face a great deal of prejudice in the workplace.

  - Prejudice against black people is common in many parts of America.

  4. confirm v. show that sth. is true

  Everything you have just said confirms the view that nobody can be trusted.

  5. hesitate v. pause before saying or doing sth.

  - Is there anything in the world that you never hesitate to pay - I never hesitate to pay for (gift for my mother, CD, etc.)

  6. proceed v. start to do sth., often after doing sth. else

  The interview proceeded in a most friendly environment.

  7. resolve v. find a solution ( to a problem, crisis, etc.)

  They hoped the crisis could be resolved peacefully.

  (Let Ss listen to the new words in the CD-rom and read them loudly) Assignments: 1) Reading aloud and reciting: new words, phrases & expressions of section A,Para. 4 of section A; 2) Doing exercises of Section A;

  III. Detailed study of the text

  ● Language points:

  1) Gail and I imagined a quiet wedding.(Para. 1)

  Meaning: Gail and I planned to have (or: thought about having) a wedding without many people or without much activity.

  imagine: vt. (here) plan to have, think about having…

  We imagine a quiet holiday at home for this summer after a busy year.忙碌了一年,我们打算今年夏天在家过个安静的假期.

  If "imagine" is followed directly by a verb or a "non+verb" structure, the verb should be in the –ing form.

  Eg. It's hard to imagine living in a place where there are no telephones or cars.

  很难想像生活在一个没有电话,没有汽车的地方会是个什么样子.

  I can't imagine George being unfair to anyone.

  我不能想像乔治竟然会对谁都不公正.

  2) … the usual ups and downs of a couple…(Para. 1)

  ups and downs: a mix of good experiences and bad experiences

  Life is full of ups and downs. 人生充满了欢乐与痛苦.

  He has seen the ups and downs in the history of the relations between the two countries. 他经历了两国关系史上的圆缺阴晴.

  3)But through it all we had honestly confronted the weaknesses and strengths of each other's characters. (Para.1)

  Meaning: But in experiencing all the ups and downs we had honestly faced and tried to deal with the weak sides and good sides of each other's characters.

  through: prep. From the beginning to the end of

  I have read halfway through the article but found it uninteresting. 这篇文章我已看了一半,可是觉得它枯燥乏味.

  4) …had honestly confronted the weaknesses and strengths of each other's characters.

  Weaknesses and strengths: weak points and strong points

  It's important to know your own weaknesses and strengths.

  了解自己的缺点和优点很重要.

  Character: n. all the qualities that make a person or place different from other people or places

  He has a strong but gentle character. 他的性格坚强而温柔.

  The twins look the same but have very different characters.

  这对双胞胎长得很像,但性格很不同.

  5) …and being open with each other. (para. 2)

  Open: a. willing to talk honestly, frank

  Let's be open with each other. 让我们彼此开诚布公吧.

  He is a very frank and open person. 他是个很坦诚的人.

  6) Gail and I had no illusions about what the future held for us as a married, mixed couple in America. (Para. 3)

  Hold: vt. Own, be able to contain or offer. "Hold" in this sense can also be used figuratively.

  He holds a half share in the business. 他在这个企业中拥有一半的股份. Life holds many surprises for us. (喻)人生中有许多意想不到的事情. married: a. If you are married, you have a husband or wife.

  Her married life was exceptionally happy. 她的婚后生活十分幸福. a married woman 一位已婚妇女

  mixed couple: a couple of different races

  7) …they overlooked serious personality conflicts in the expectation that marriage was an automatic way to make everything work out right. (Para. 4) Meaning: They ignored serious personality conflicts. They hoped that everything would go right automatically when they lived their married life. overlook: vt.

  i) fail to notice or realize how important sth. is, miss

  You have overlooked several of the mistakes in this work.

  你忽略了这项工作中的几个错误.

  The secretary is very careful and never overlooks any little points. 秘书是个很细心的人,从不放过任何细小问题.

  ii) pretend not to notice; forgive

  We'll ovelook your bad behavior this time, but don't do it again. 这一次我们不计较你的错误行为,但是切勿再犯了.

  iii) have or give a view of (a place) from above

  Her bedroom has large windows overlooking a lake.

  她的卧室有几扇对着湖面的大窗子.

  8) …to make everything work out right. (Para.4)

  work out:

  i) have as a result, turn out, happen or progress in a certain way In this sense, the verb phrase is intransitive.

  How the situation will eventually work out only time can tell.

  情况最后将会是怎样,只有以后才能知道.

  ii) find by reasoning or figuring

  In this sense, the verb phrase is transitive.

  Have you work out the answer 你已经得出了答案来了没有

  9) That point was emphasized by the fact that Gail's parents, after thirty-five years of marriage, were going through a bitter and painful divorce,..(Para.4)

  Meaning: That point was made particularly true when Gail's parents, after thirty-five years of marriage, were experiencing a bitter and painful divorce.

  go through: experience

  The country has gone through too many wars. 这个国家经历了太多的战争. go through hardships 历尽千辛万苦

  10) Her mother, Deborah, all along had been supportive of our relationship…(Para. 5)

  Meaning: When Deborah heard our plans, she did not express her congratulations but advised Gail to be really sure that that was the marriage she did want.

  congratulations: n. (pl.) If you offer someone your congratulations, you congratulate them on something nice that has happened to them or something admirable that they have done.

  To offer one's congratulations on her success 对她的成功表示祝贺 Congratulations on your marriage!恭喜你们喜结良缘!

  upon: prep.(the same as "on") immediately after, directly after (and often as a result of)

  Upon(or: On) hearing the news, she burst into tears.

  一听到这个消息,她就放声大哭起来.

  11) …I harbored reservations about a mixed marriage, prejudices you might even call them.(Para. 7)

  Meaning: I had doubts whether a marriage between a white and a black would work out well, which you might even call prejudices.

  harbor: vt. have (feelings, thoughts, images etc.) in one's mind over a long period of time

  He harbors a secret hatred against his father. 他对他的父亲暗怀憎恨.

  12) We've seen each other at our worst many times. (Para. 8)

  Meaning: We have had many times when we behaved as unpleasantly as possible towards each other.

  at one's worst: when one is behaving as unpleasantly as possible

  This was his mother at her worst: her voice was sharp and loud, and she was to be angry at anyone.

  这是他母亲脾气最坏的时候:说话声音又尖又高,对谁都会发脾气.

  13) Why the haste

  Meaning: Why do you want to get married in such a hurry

  This is an elliptical question(省略式问句).Another example in this reading passage is: Then why the rush (Para. 12) 干吗匆匆忙忙的

  In why-questions we often have ellipsis(省略).More examples:

  Why bother waiting any longer (= Why should we bother waiting any longer ) 为什么我们还得费功夫等下去呢

  Why not 干吗不

  ◆ Patterns for using as model

  句型提炼

  1. 1. Typical patterns for showing the changes of one's mind

  原句:To start with I must admit that at first I harbored reservations about a mixed marriage,…. But when I met Mark, I found him a charming and intelligent young guy. (L. 28) 首先我必须承认,刚开始我对异族通婚是有保留的,?但当我见到马克时,我发现他是一个既讨人喜欢又聪明的年轻人.

  句型提炼:

  To start with, sb. admits ( feels / believes) that at first ( at the beginning)… But when (as)…, he / she found (realized) that…

  首先某人承认(感到/认为),起初,? 但是当??时,某人发现(感觉到)?

  应用:a. 首先我应该承认,起初她的外貌并没有给我留下什么印象.但随着我们接触增多,我发现她温柔,贤惠,善解人意.

  To start with I must admit that at the beginning her looks left little impression on me. But as we made more contacts with each other, I found her gentle, virtuous, and good at reading my mind.

  应用: b. 他首先承认当初他对此事想得太简单,觉得不用费多大力.但当他着手做此事时, 他突然意识到,凡事想做好都不容易.

  To start with he admits that at first he took the matter for granted, assuming it is unnecessary for him to make much effort. But when he set about doing it, he came to a sudden awareness that nothing is so easy if one wants to do it better.

  2. Typical patterns for showing one's disapproval of doing sth.

  原句:If we had to resolve all doubt before we acted, very little would ever get done. (L. 63)

  假如我们在做任何事情之前,必须把所有的疑难问题全部解决的话,那么我们几乎就什么都干不成了.

  句型提炼:

  If sb. has to do sth. before sb. does what he wants to do, little (nothing) would…

  在??之前,假如必须做??,那么几乎什么(没有任何事情)可以(能够)?

  应用: a. 诚然, 谨慎的确重要.但如果在采取行动之前我们总得瞻前顾后, 那么什么事情也做不成.

  Admittedly, being cautious really matters. But if we always have to look ahead and behind before we take actions, nothing could be achieved. 应用: b. 假如我们在实施一项计划之前必须征得每个人的支持, 那么很多机会就会白白丧失, 从而一事无成.

  If we have to get everyone's approval of a plan before we put it into effect, many opportunities would be wasted, thus leaving little to be done.

  3. Typical patterns for expressing one's reservations about sth.

  原句: You may be right. But I still think that waiting won't hurt. (L.41) 你也许是对的.但我还是认为再等一段时间有好处.

  句型提炼:

  Sb. (Sth.) else may be right (correct / reasonable / true). But sb. still

  thinks (believes / considers / feels / takes the view) that…

  某人(某事)也许是对的.但某人仍然认为??

  应用: a. 发展当地经济是正确的.但我仍然认为以牺牲环境为代价来发展经济无异于杀鸡取卵.

  Developing local economy is correct. But I still believe developing the economy at the expense of the environment is no different from killing the goose to get its golden egg.

  应用: b. 他关于成功的定义也许是对的.但我仍然认为一个成功的人是执着追求自己梦想的人.重要的是过程,而非结果.

  His definition of success may be right. But I still think a successful person is one who persists in pursuing his dream. It's the process, not the result, that counts.

  Assignments: 3) writing: Choose one of the topics given to write a paragraph, which starts with a correction of one idea and goes on to present another idea; 4) Preview: Section B.

  自我评价问题Questions for Self-evaluation:

  Do I understand the text and fully master the useful words and expressions Have I learned some traditional ideas about marriage practiced by different cultures around the world

  Have I mastered the devices of developing a paragraph which starts with a correction of one idea and goes on to present another idea

  4. Have I conducted a series of listening, speaking, reading and writing activities assigned by the teacher and done it well

  教材与教学资源Resources and Materials:

  New Horizon English 2 --- Reading and Writing

  New Horizon English 2 --- Listening and Speaking

  New Horizon English 2 --- Reading and Writing (Teacher's book)

  New Horizon English 2 --- Listening and Speaking (Teacher's book) New Horizon English 2--- Speed Reading

  Online Resources about New Horizon English

  教参References:

  Oxford Advanced Learner's English Chinese Dictionary

  Macmillan English Chinese Dictionary

  A Dictionary of English Collocations

  A Chinese English Dictionary

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