英语语法新思维课件

课件 时间:2017-08-21 编辑:少伟 手机版
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  教学主题的一致性使每一个步骤的呈现都显得那么自然不突兀,熟悉而亲切。下面是小编整理的英语语法新思维课件,欢迎大家阅读参考,希望帮助到你。

  【相关理论】

  1.行为主义心理学把语言看成是一种行为,是一系列的刺激和反应:S1——R1...S2——R2。S1:实际刺激(stimuli),R1:语言替代性反应(response),S2:语言替代性刺激,R2:实际反应。其中,S1就相当于我们语言教学中创设的真实情境,S2则是通过语言表达功能给学习合作者传递的虚拟情境,学习者(包括合作者)接受这两种情境的刺激,完成语言习得的全过程,即R1、R2所表示的两种反应。

  2.情境认知理论反对把知识当作“一个整体的、自足的,从理论上讲与学习和使用它的情境相脱离的东西”。因为这样的知识正如著名的数学家、逻辑学家怀特海(White—head,A.N.)指出的,是“呆滞的知识——仅为人脑所接受却不加以利用,或不进行检验,或没有与其他新颖的思想融为一体,因而,当需要用这些知识来解决实际问题时,它们往往被证明是没有用的。也就是说,情境认知理论超越了传统的知识观,强调知识的情境性、真实性、社会性、应用性、互动性。

  【教学过程】

  T: Today we are going to have fun watching stories. Wu xx,do you like stories ?

  S1: Yes,of course.(这是我们建筑班号称“睡神”的学生,他立刻兴高采烈地回答了问题)

  T: Good. Xiao x is a boy who likes stories.(我用此句作来引出目标语法,定语从句,然后引导学生译成中文) And, Chen xx,do you like stories?

  S2: Yes. (这是我班少有的几名不自信女生中的一位)

  T: Very good. Miss Chen is a girl who likes stories. Do you all like stories?

  SS: Yes.

  T: So you are the students who like stories.(我把此句板书在黑板)Now, let’s watch the stories on CCTV13.

  我开始播放CCTV13新闻1+1系列节目:失依儿童,凉山需要温暖。慢慢地,教室里开始鸦雀无声,学生全神贯注地观看故事,就连往日里常开小差、爱睡觉的孩子也不例外。播完其中的一小片段,我把它暂停并就片中内容提出了两个简单的问题。

  T: Look at these children. Are they poor?

  SS: Yes.(没等到我个别提问,全班齐答)

  T: Where do they live? Zhang xx,can you tell me?

  S3: They live in Daliang.(这是我班对英语没有兴趣的学生之一)

  T: Great. You are so careful. They live in Daliang Mountain, and people there are very poor, right?

  SS:Yes.

  T: You are quite right. They live in Daliang which is a very poor place in Sichuan.(我把该句板书于黑板,把定语从句部分用彩笔画线,把关系词标上着重号)Daliang is a poor place in Sichuan province where many children can’t go to school. Those children have to make a living by themselves. You are the lucky children that can get education. Let’s see more about the children in Daliang.

  新闻故事在继续,许多孩子一边看着视频,一边小声议论着。那些调皮鬼们也在专注地观看视频,显然,他们被故事里的真实场景震撼了。这时,我抛出了问题:

  T: Are they lucky like you?

  SS: No.(全班再次齐答)

  T: Why aren’t they lucky like you?( 问题抛出后,同学们非常积极地讨论,很快,便有了答案)

  S4: They are not lucky because they are poor.

  T: You are right. Many of them do not have enough money to go to school.

  S5: They aren’t lucky because some of them don’t have parents.

  T: Yes. There are quite a lot of children whose parents died of disease.

  S6: They have to leave school. So I think they are unlucky.

  T: In fact,they don’t really want to leave school.

  S7: They have to help look after their small brothers and sisters.

  T: Yes. They are unlucky children who have to leave school or have no chance to go to school. They have to make a living by themselves. But they also have dreams. What is their same dream?

  S8: Go to school.

  T: Their main dream is to go back to school. We are much luckier than them. We should help them. For them school is a place where they can live a happy life. I think you are the students who have dreams. I’m a teacher that also has dreams. What are my dreams, can you guess?   S9: Teach English well.

  S10:All the students study hard.

  S11:Stay young.

  T: I’m so happy that you know me very well. My dream is to make you feel happy to learn English.

  Now, let’s watch Hunan TV. (提到湖南卫视,学生有点兴奋了。我不是播放《快乐大本营》,而是选择了《爱与希望》武艺现场感动放歌的片段,借此来教育同学们懂得爱、懂得感恩、懂得去帮助他人、懂得珍惜现在的学习机会)Now,can you remember the girl whose name is Mahai Qubu? What is the best food that she has eaten?

  S12: Rice.

  T: Quite right. The best food that she has eaten is rice. For us it is unbelievable. Let’s see Asu Zhitie. Who is the person that he misses the most?

  S13: His mother.(这是我班一位心地善良的女孩。答题时,我看到了她脸颊旁的两行眼泪)

  T:What an unlucky boy! The person who he misses the most is his mother. These children live a hard life,but they are stronger than we think. And they also have dreams. They want to go back to school and go to college in the future. We are the lucky ones. We should learn from them...

  借助故事导出的例句,我给同学们讲解定语从句的概念、结构与部分规则。大家听得格外认真,最后的反馈练习的正确率也是出乎意料的高。一堂有效的语法课在不知不觉中结束了,也留给我很多的感悟。

  【教后反思】

  一、注重导入,精选例句

  俗话说:“好的开始是成功的一半。”对于英语课堂教学来说,精彩别致的导入无疑会为课堂教学顺利、有序地进行奠定良好的基础。从心理学的角度来看,上课开始的几分钟是学生思想最易集中的时候。课堂的起始语对稳定学生的情绪,增强对学生的吸引力有着不可低估的作用。在本节课中,我针对学生爱听故事的心理特征,在导入定语从句时引用感人的故事,抓住了学生的好奇心,吸引了全班同学的注意力,激发了学生的学习兴趣,使一向被认为沉默的、枯燥的语法课立马活了起来,为课堂教学的进一步展开作了充分的情感铺垫。在举例环节,我继续引用系列故事,从中挖掘、精选例句,延续了学生的学习兴趣,让他们通过感知、体验、实践、参与等方式完成任务、实现目标,感受成功。

  二、开发教学资源,寓德于教

  在英语教学过程中教师要学会艺术地将品德教育充盈在英语学习过程中,在传授知识的同时也应让学生感受道德和精神的力量。面对一群综合素质不太高的中职学生,教师不能一味的沮丧与无奈,而要转变教育教学观念、转变教学方法。在本节课中,我利用真实的故事作为教学资源,引导学生主动积极地学习本课的语法知识,同时也让他们的心灵得到了净化,让他们懂得感恩的必要性与珍惜机会的重要性。从课堂中学生的积极态度可以看出德育以课堂教学、以知识为载体具有巨大的说服力和感染力,能够给予学生深刻的影响,促进达成有效教学。

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