初三英语单元课件

课件 时间:2017-08-04 我要投稿
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  英语(English)是印欧语系-日耳曼语族-西日耳曼语支下的语言,由26个字母组合而成,英文字母渊源于拉丁字母,拉丁字母渊源于希腊字母,而希腊字母则是由腓尼基字母演变而来的。下面是小编为你带来的初三英语单元课件 ,欢迎阅读。

  Unit 3 Could you please tell me where the restrooms are?

  【学习目标】

  学习生词 stamp n. 邮票;印章

  掌握1a短语 掌握宾语从句的句型变化

  【学习重点难点】

  掌握宾语从句的句型变化X k B 1 . c o m

  【学法指导】

  复习—引入---听说—听力—巩固

  【教学过程】

  一、 导入(启发探究 3分钟)

  1.打扰了。请问去书店怎么走?

  (1)Excuse me. Could you tell me to the bookshop?

  (2)Excuse me. Could you tell me how the bookshop?

  (3)Excuse me. Could you tell me how to the bookshop?

  (4)Excuse me. Could you tell me the bookshop ?

  (5)Excuse me. is the way to the bookshop, please?

  (6)Excuse me. the bookshop, please?

  (7)Excuse me. How can I get to the bookshop, please?

  2、Where can you do the things below?

  get some money get some magazines

  have dinner get a dictionary

  get some information about the town buy a newspaper

  buy some stamps get a pair of shoes

  二、自学(自主探究 6分钟)

  拼读单词,牢记意思

  restroom /restru:m/ n. (美)洗手间;公共厕所 p.17

  stamp n. 邮票;印章 p.17

  bookstore n. 书店 p.17

  读记1a短语,明确含义

  get some money get some magazines

  have dinner get a dictionary

  get some information about the town buy a newspaper

  buy some stamps get a pair of shoes

  完成1a任务

  三、交流(合作探究 10分钟)

  完成1b学习

  听磁带一次,完成任务,同桌交流,核对答案。

  再听磁带一次,填空。

  Conversation l

  Girl: Excuse me, could you tell me where I can buy some ?

  Boy: Yes. There’s a post office on Center Street.

  Girl: Oh, could you tell me how to get to Center Street?

  Boy: Sure. You see that bank there?

  Girl: Hmm…oh, yes.

  Boy: Just go the bank and then right. The post office is on the right, to the library.

  Girl: Thanks a lot!

  Conversation 2

  Boy: Excuse me, do you know where I can get a dictionary?

  Girl: Sure. There’s a on Main Street.

  Boy: Oh, could you please tell me how to get ?

  Girl: Yes. Go along Center Street and then turn left on Main Street. Then you will see the bookstore on the side of the street.

  Boy: Thanks! Do you know when the bookstore today?

  Girl: I think it closes at 7:00 p.m. today.

  听读材料,模仿语音语调、句群停顿。

  朗读材料,勾画短语。

  go past the bank turn right.

  on the right, next to the library.

  Thanks a lot! Could you please tell me how to get there?

  Go along Center Street turn left

  on the other side of the street.

  Do you know when the bookstore closes today

  it closes at 7:00 p.m. today.

  完成1c任务

  朗读1c的对话

  新编对话并表演

  四、总结(引深探究 15分钟)

  宾语从句的句型变化

  ①.许多带复合宾语的句子,宾语从句经常移到句子后部,而用it做形式宾语。结构是:主语 + 动词 + it + 形容词/名词等宾语补足语 + 宾语从句

  We think it wrong that he told a lie to everyone.

  I thought it impossible that he could finish this job in just two hours.

  ②. 带有宾语从句的复合句的疑问形式一般是对主句进行变化。

  I know he will come to my party.

  → Do you know he will come to my party. ?

  → I don’t know he will come to my party.

  Lucy tells me that he likes the English teacher.

  →Does Lucy tell you that he likes the English teacher?

  →Lucy doesn’t tell me that he likes the English teacher.

  ③. 宾语从句的否定转移

  主句的谓语动词是think,believe,imagine,suppose,consider,espect,fancy,

  guess等,并且主句的主语是第一人称而且为一般现在时,从句的否定词一般要转移到主句上来,其反义疑问句一般与宾语从句一致.

  我认为他不会来我的舞会。 I don’t think he will come to my party.

  我认为他不喜欢英语老师。I don’t think he likes the English teacher.

  (4)完成反意问句

  在think / believe / suppose / guess / imagine / expect等动词后跟宾语从句否定式时,应转移到主句上去,完成反意问句时,应与从句主、谓保持一致。(注: 否定前移的条件是,主句主语是第一人称)

  eg. I don't think you are right,are you

  I don't believe they have finished their work yet,have they?

  I don’t suppose they will come, _______ ______ ? (改为反意疑问句)

  → I don’t suppose they will come, will they ?

  再如:

  She doesn’t suppose they will come, _______ ______ ? (改为反意疑问句)

  She doesn’t suppose they will come, does she ?

  (5) 宾语从句的简化问题

  对于含有宾语从句的复合句进行简化,即由复合句变成简单句,可以分为两种情况:

  第一:如果主句的谓语动词是,ask,tell,hope,wish,decide,agree等,从句部分可以转化为动词不定式结构。例如:

  I hope that I can receive your email(改为简单句) →

  I hope to receive your email.

  例:I don’t know what I should do next.

  I con’t know what to do next.

  He didn’t know where he would live.

  He didn’t know where to live.

  第二:有些以特殊疑问词引导的宾语从句,从句部分亦可以简化为动词不定式结构,即特殊疑问词+to do ,特别是当主句的谓语动词为know,ask,forget,remember,learn,tell,teach等。例如:

  I don't know how I can get to the hospital.(改为简单句) →

  I don't know how to get to the hospital.

  这类题也可以反过来做:

  例如:Lucy hasn't decided which trousers to buy.(改为复合句) →

  Lucy hasn't decided which trousers I will can buy.

  五、练评(包含“考点链接” 应用探究 6分钟)

  1、Excuse me. Can you tell me how ________ get to the cinema?

  A. can I B. do I C. I can D. I do

  2、Do you know _________?

  A. where is the post office B. how can I get to the post office

  C. which way can I choose D. how to get to the post office

  3、Look! There are some boys _______ football on the playground.

  A. are playing B. play C. playing D. played

  4、Could you tell me how _______ (mend) the bike?

  5、I don’t know what I shall do next. (改为简单句)

  I don’t know ____________________ next.

  6、I think if you want to buy a computer, you’d better __________ (取点钱).

  ______________ (集邮) is good for your growing.

  Could you tell me _______________________(这儿是否有个邮局)?

  I don’t know ______________________(从哪里买杂志?).

  I _____________________ (买了一双鞋子) to Jim yesterday.

  _____________________________(三楼有一家银行).

  【教学反思】

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