Unit 1 School life
Unit 1 School life
attend vt. 参加，出席
earn n. 获得
respect v. 尊敬，敬重
achieve v. 取得，完成
grade n. 等级，成绩
subject n. 科目
literature n. 文学
average adj. 普通的；平均的
an average of
cooking n. 烹饪
extra adj. 另外的，额外的
Spanish n. 西班牙语
adj. 西班牙的, 西班牙人的，西班牙语的
miss v. 想念
dessert n. 餐后甜点
dessert , desert /e/
dessert表示甜点，而desert 表示沙漠。但是desert也可以发/ i /, 这时它是作为动词，意思是抛弃，离弃。例：荒岛 a deserted island
experience vt. 经历，体验
article vt. 文章
immediately vi 立刻，马上
What do you mean?
1）mean that +宾语从句
I mean you needn’t finish it today.
Falling into the river on such a cold day means losing your life.
Learning English means spending a lot time.
3）mean to do 计划=plan to do
I didn’t mean to hurt you.
We mean to give you a surprise.
What’s the meaning of this word? Do you know?
2. attend, take part in, join和join in
attend, take part in, join和join in都表示“参加”的意思。但是，attend 通常与meeting, lecture搭配。take part in 常常指参加一个重大的活动。join表示参加一个“组织”、“团体”等, 也可以说加入某人, join sb, 而join in表示参加一个活动。如join in （doing） sth, join sb in （doing） sth.
We attend school every day.
He took part in the celebration.
He joined army five years ago.
3. This sounded like my school in China.
That sounds like a good idea.
Your explanation sounds reasonable to me.
Your voice sounds sweet in the phone.
联想1：与sound有相同用法的词还有look, taste, feel等感官动词。
You look beautiful in this blue dress.
This sofa feels comfortable.
联想2：sound n. 声音
sound, voice 与noise
4. used to do
Einstein used to be a student who is not good at Maths.
They used to swim together every day.
联想1：used to do 与be used to doing
used to do表示过去常常做某事，而be used to doing 表示习惯做某事
I’m used to living in China now.
I am still not used to getting up so early every day.
5. I usually went to the Computer Club at lunchtime, so I could e-mail my family and friends back home for free.
for free 免费的
We provide tea for passengers for free. 我们免费为乘客们提供茶。
6. Though it didn’t look like a table when it was finished, I still liked it very much.
例：Though he got up early, he didn’t catch the train.虽然他起得早，但没赶上那一趟车。
Though I am not a rich man, I still would like to help others.
例：I got a cold, not serious though.
例：I found the homework was not as heavy as what I used to get in my old school.
I hope I will be as beautiful as my mother.
She is not as pride as she used to be.
He is as tall as that small tree. （a boy）
He is as tall a boy as that small tree.
例：We have as good a time as you have.
否定：not as… as, not so … as
例：This means I could get up an hour later than usual as schools in China begin before 8 a.m.
I felt lucky as all my friends were kindhearted.
As he grew older, he lost interest in everything except gardening.
1. Some girl students asked me to ________ them in _______ Mary a happy birthday
A. join; to wish B. attend; to wish C. join; wishing D.take part in; wishing
2. Life here is much easier than it .
A. is about to B. thanks to C. used to be D. belong to
3. She shouldn’t that gift, for it her sister.
A. accept, belongs to B. accept, is belonged to
C. received, belongs to D. received, is belonging to
4. The young man spent as much time as he over his lessons.
A. went B. has gone C. would go D. could going
5. I _______ if you’ll give me some advice on how to learn English.
A. wonder B. ask C. am puzzled D. wish
6. —Be careful! Your hair might get caught in the machine.
—Thank you. I _________ I ________ so close to it.
A. don’t know; am B. haven’t known; was
C. didn’t know; was D. haven’t known; am
7. —Why haven’t you bought any butter?
—I _______ to, but I forgot about it.
A. liked B. wished C. meant D. expected
8. They made an important decision _________ the end of the meeting.
A. in B. by C. on D. at
9. —Would you like some coffee?
—Yes, but only ________.
A. little B. very little C. a little D. little bit
10. Pop music is a great _________ with young people.
A. favorable B. favored C. favorite D. favor
Robert and Joanna like school very much. At school they can talk to their friends but Robert and Joanna cannot see their friends. They live 100, perhaps 300 miles away and like Robert and Joanna, they all go to school by radio.
Mount Ebenezer is in the centre of Australia. Not many people live in “The Centre”. There are no schools with desks and blackboards and no teachers in “The Centre”, school is a room at home with a two-way radio. The teacher also has a two-way radio. Every morning she calls each student on the radio. When all the students answer, lessons begin…. Think of your teacher 300 miles away!
11. The children in “The Centre” do not go to a school because .
A. they live too far away from each other
B. they do not like school
C. they are not old enough to go to school
D. their families are too poor
12. In order to send their children to school, parents in “The Centre” of Australia need to provide _________.
A. a desk B. a car
C. a school room at home D. a special radio
13. Teachers in “The Centre” of Australia teach .
A. not in a classroom but at the homes of the students
B. by speaking only and not showing anything in writing
C. without using any textbooks or pictures
D. without knowing whether the students are attending
14. When children are having a lesson, they can hear their teacher, .
A. but their teacher cannot hear them
B. and their teacher can hear them too
C. but cannot hear classmates
D. and see him or her at the same time
一、1—5 CCADA 6—10 CDDCC
二、11、A 12、D 13、B 14、B
运用所学语言，围绕体育活动这一题材，完成教科书和练习册中规定的听、说、写的任务。阅读课文“The Olympic Games”，认真理解，并完成有关课文内容的练习。
熟练who / which / that / whom以及介词 + whom / which引导的定语从句
I quite like football / I like to skate with my friends / I enjoy watching TV .
I prefer vegetable to meet / My favorite song is “Right here waiting” / what’s your favorite ? / which do you prefer , …or…? / I prefer sth .
Better do it later / I think it’s better if you do it later / what about going there by bus ? / I prefer to do…
How about a cup of coffe ?
－Would you please let me know your address ? －Sure . No.5 Street .
－Will you please give me some fish ? －Certainly . / Sure . / No problem .
1.Do you often have sports at school ? 你在学校常做运动吗？
sport指户外游戏或运动，仅限于体力锻炼，包括娱乐性的及竞赛性的；不以胜负为目的。而game则指有一定规则的，双方竞争的游戏或运动，既可以是体力运动，也可以是脑力劳动，以输赢为主要目的。sports和games都表示“运动会”，但有大、小之分，如school sports（校运会），the Asian Games（亚运会），the Olympic Games（奥运会）
do / have sports 进行体育活动
2.Which do you prefer , horse riding or shooting ?
prefer意为“宁愿要”或“更喜欢”，与“like…better”意思比较接近，但使用不同。prefer后面可以接名词，不定式或V·ing形式构成动宾结构，还可以用prefer (doing) sth. to (doing) sth .的句型表示比较级，常用句型如下：
▲Prefer A to B . 喜欢A胜于B。相当于like A better than B . to为介词，后面可接名词或动词。
①I prefer tea to milk . 我喜欢茶不太喜欢奶。
②He told me he preferred the country life to the city life . 他告诉我，和城市生活相比，他更喜欢乡村生活。
③Even on holidays , she prefers doing something to doing nothing . 即使在假日里，她也愿意干点什么事，而不愿意闲着。
▲Prefer单独使用时，相当于like very much .后面可接名词、代词、不定式。
①She preferred to work and live with the common people . 她喜欢工作在普通人中间。
②Do you prefer staying with your children on holidays ? 你喜欢和孩子们一起度假吗？
▲Prefer to do sth. rather than do . 宁愿做…，也不愿做…。
①I preferred to stay behind rather than go with you . 我宁愿留下来不愿和你们去。
②She preferred to write to him rather than telephone him . 她宁愿给他写信也不愿给他打电话。
3.What about wrestling and sailing ? 摔跤和赛舰又怎么样呢？
What about…? 用作劝告、建议、征询意见的交际用语。作“…怎么样？”或“…怎么办？”解
①－What about a cup of coffee ? 来杯咖啡怎么样？
－Yes , thanks . 好的，谢谢。
② “Of coure . I’ll come . What about Wendesday ?”－That’s ok . 我当然要来，星期三怎么样？－“好吧！”
4.Are you good at sailing ? 你赛舰很行吧？
be good at + n. / ving . 善于、擅长于
①I like physics , but I’m not good at it . 我喜欢物理，但学的不好。
②She is good at singing and dancing . 她善于唱歌跳舞。
5.Would you please let me know when you have a race ? 你们有比赛的时候，请告诉我好吗？
“Would you please…?” 是表示请求的交际用语。
①－Would you please let me know your telephone number ? －请把你的电话号码告诉我好吗？
－Sure , 12345678 . －好的，12345678。
②－I’m leaving this morning : Would you please take a message to Mary ? 我今天上午就要走了，请你给Mary捎个信好吗？
－Certainly . Please go ahead . 好的，请说吧。
6.Every four years athletes from all over the world take part in the Olympic Games .
take part in = join in . 参加活动。
①All the students in our class took part in the sports meeting which was held in our school every other year . 我们班全体同学都参加了学校每年一次的运动会。
②May I join in the Game ? 我可以参加比赛吗？
积极参与可以说 “take an active part in” “join actively in .”
join sb. (in) 意为和“某人一起（做）”。而take part in则不能这么用
①Will you join us . 你愿意和我一起干吗？
②He joined his wife in her study . 他和他妻子一块从事研究。
7.The old Olympic Games from which the modern games came began around the year 776 Be in Greece . 现代体育运动的起源古奥林匹克运动会大约在公元前776年在希腊首次举行。
①The room in which I lived when I was a child is painted by myself .
②The man for whom you are waiting is a cheat .
8.Many of the sports were the same as they are now . 许多项目和现在的都一样。
①I have the same idea as yours .
②Do you have to feed the plants as we feed chickens ?
③You should do everything as your teacher tells you to .
④As she sang , tears ran down her cheeks .
⑤As a child , Lincoln used to work hard and help his father on the farm .
⑥As we can see , the earth is a huge . water-covered globe .
⑦You must speak English as often as possible .
⑧As soon as Mr Li comes , I’ll tell him about it .
9.The Olympic Games in mordern times happened in 1896 .
①In ancient times people ate meat without cooking it .
②What wonderful times we live in !
③I have met him several times .
10.After that more and more countries joined in the games .
①After that he never passed any exam .
②After that they took more attention to what I said and did .
▲more and more表示“越来越…”可表示数量之多，也可表示程度的快速递增。
①The park is getting more and more beautiful .
②Our life is getting better and better .
11.The Olympic motto is “Swifter , Higher , Stronger .” It means that every athlete should try to run faster , jump higher , and throw further .
12.In Barcelona the Chinese team got 16 gold medals , of which 12 were won by women .
= In Barcelona the Chinese team got 16 gold medals , 12of these 16 gold medals won by women .
1.We are going to have a picnic next week . Will you us ?
A. take part in B. go in for C. join D. join in
2.The box is what I saw in the shop .
A. some as B. the same like C. the same that D. the same as
3.Is this the farm you visited the other day ?
A. the one B. to which C. that D. on which
4.The doctor told me to take the medicine .
A. every four hours B. four hours each
C. four each hour D. every fourth hours
5.Mary is no longer she was five years ago .
A. whom B. that C. what D. when
6.Do you remember there a river here ?
A. used to be B. used to being C. was used to being D. was used to be
7.You may take anything useful .
A. which you want B. you want it C. what you want D. you want
8.－Lock ! Lintao has just jumped over the pole .
A. I don't think so B. It's wonderful C. My pleasure D. Well done
9.There is in today’s newspaper .
A. interesting special nothing B. nothing specially interesting
C. specially interesting nothing D. nothing special interesting
10.Every player tried his best to the game .
A. win B. catch C. take D. best
11.English is becoming .
A. more importancl and more important . B. more and more important .
C. importanter and importanter D. important and mone important
12.People are not allowed freely at the meeting and they don’t allow either.
A. to talk ; smoking B. to talk , to smoke
C. talking , smoking D. talking , to smoke
13.Galileo built a telescope he could study the skies .
A. which B. that C. with that D. through which
14.He is the only one of the teachers French in our school .
A. who knows B. who know C. that know D. whose
1－5 C , D , C , A , C 6－10 A , D , D , B , A 11－14 B , A , D , A
1.join sb. (in…) 意为“和某人一起”（做某事）Will you join us ? 你愿意和我们一起吗？
She didn’t join them in their talk . 她没有参加他们的交谈。
5.every two days = every other day = every second day .每2天
May已不再是5年前的样子了。What原意为the thing which，这里引申为the girl who .
6.表示过去有应该用there used to be .表示过去经常发生的动作，或存在的状态，而现在已不再发生或存在。如：
①He used to get up very late .
be used to doing sth .意为“习惯于…”；be可用get或become替换。
②I wasn’t used to city life , but now I have got used to living in this city .
be used to do sth . 意为“被用来做…”。如：
③Cotton can be used to make cloth .
12.be allowed to do sth . / allow doing . 允许做某事。如：
①Please allow me to introduce myself first .
②Women are not allowed to take part in the games .
③My parents don’t allow smoking .
My parents don’t allow us to smoke .
13.考察介词的使用。Galileo could study the skies through a telescope .
14.考察定词从句中主谓一致的问题。He knows French in our school . “Who”代替的是 “He”，所以应该用第三人称单数。