II. Grammar and Vocabulary
( A )
A Night Out
Michelle walked out the theater humming a tune. She’d just seen a wonderful musical at the beautiful Paramount Theater. 1______________ she closed her eyes, she could still see the beautiful costumes and stage sets. It was now after 11 p.m., and she really didn’t like being out late by 2______________. Since on one else had wanted to go to the show, she 3_____________ ______________ go alone. She headed down the dark Seattle Street toward her car. No car. The parking space was empty. “That’s odd,” she thought. “Am I on the wrong street?” She checked the street signs. No, she was on Pine Street. And she was sure that this was 4_______________ she’d left her car. But her car was nowhere to be seen. She began to feel nervous. Someone had stolen her car! What was she going to do?
Should she call the police or call someone to give her a ride? She decided to call someone. She took out her cellphone only 5_______________(find) that her battery was dead! Now what? Maybe she could take a cab. She only had $1 in cash 6_____________ she checked every corner of her wallet. And to her horror, her credit card was missing! Then she remembered. She’d ordered something on the internet and left the card by her computer. She headed back toward the theater and the lights on Pike Street. Then she saw something familiar. Her car! She realized she 7_____________(park) on Pike Street not Pine Street! Once again, 8______________(sing) a song from the show, she got into her car and headed home.
1. When/If 2. herself 3. had to 4. where 5. to find 6. although
7. had parked 8. singing
( B )
Most religions have some kind of holy text on which the religious beliefs are based. For Christians this text is the Holy Bible; for Jews it is the Torah and for Muslims it is the Koran.
Muslims believe that the Koran 1_____________(consist) of revelation from God to Muhammad during the years 610 to 632 when Muhammad died. These revelations were written down by those 2_____________ were close to him during this time and for several years after his death. They were gathered into the text 3_____________(know) as the Koran during the years 630 to 650.
The interpretation of the Koran has always been a difficult task, even for Islamic scholars. For example, the meanings of some words are determined by dots above the vowels. In ancient Arabic, however, very often these dots 4____________(omit). As a result some letters looked identical. Thus, the meanings of these words depended in many cases 5_____________ the memories of the men who had written them. Early Muslims had to try to get the exact meanings of the words 6______________ these people died and it was too late.
Unlike the Bible, in which the events are provided in time order, there is no reference to 7_____________ things occurred in the Koran. In any case, unlike the Bible, most the suras --sections -- are composed of orders and warnings. Unlike in the Bible, there are very few stories in the Koran.
Muslims believe that by 8____________(recite) the book, they create a holy atmosphere, and there are many Muslims who have learned the Koran by heart.
1. consists 2. who 3. known 4. were omitted 5. on 6. after
7. when 8. reciting
When young people begin to live independently, home-hunting can involve some stress. But they would do well to remember that a new __1__ is available -- micro-homes.
Fondly called “tiny houses”, these houses have all living necessities in a small package, including kitchen, bedroom and bathroom. Generally under 50 square meters, most tiny houses __2__ just one or two people though some claim the space for more. What’s lost in size is not lost in design as these homes are often quite unique and modern in design.
Besides an attractive appearance, tiny houses can also __3__ unique practical features. Making the best urban space, the 72- to 122- centimeter-wide Keret House in Warsaw, the world’s narrowest home, filled in an alley. The sample home Ecocapsule uses solar power, wind power and rainwater collection to enable its owner to live practically anywhere. A system of rails allows the DALE micro-home to __4__ room size and number as well as adding the option of an open or __5__ courtyard.
As visually __6__ as micro-homes are, there are a few disadvantages to consider before getting comfortable on a mini-couch. Moving into a tiny house requires the __7__ of most non-essentials, no matter the emotional connection to them. Guests will also mostly be out of the question as the limited space may even cause a(n) __8__ individual to experience some cabin fever. And finally, a micro-home is likely a temporary living option for most people since they will probably start families and acquire more __9__.
Though the limitation will scare some, there is usually a benefit. A small size results in a small price tag and small bills, making tiny houses easier to save up for and __10__. And though you won’t have much stuff around the house, this can provide the comfort of simple living and maintenance. Micro-homes are also practically mobile and claim eco-friendliness that can’t be matched by other homes. They probably aren’t for everyone or forever, but when it comes to your next (or first) home, they could be just what you need.
B A C I F J E K H D
III. Reading Comprehension
At 1:30 p.m. on March 31, 1981, John Hinckley Jr. stepped from a crowd of onlookers and tried to kill Ronald Reagan, the president of the United States. Although he failed, he did cause injury to the president. The crime was committed in clear view of many people, __1__, at the end of his trial, Hinckley was found not __2__ by reason of insanity. Instead of prison, Hinckley was sent to a mental hospital, where he remains.
The judgment in Hinckley’s&n