V-ing 的 四 种 时 间 关 系
1).Fleeing/having fled Germany, Einstein went first to France…
2).The revolutionaries sentenced him to death , discovering / having discovered that he was an enemy of the state.
The poor of the cities, having lived such a hard life for so long , took up their guns and knives to kill the nobles.
(1)._______what to do , he asked his teacher for help. [A]
A. Not knowing B. Having not known C. Being not known D. not to know
(2)._____ here for three years , he wasn’t familiar with everyone [B]
A. working B. having worked C. worked D. being worked
(3).______ the news , she couldn’t help crying. [B / C]
A. heard B. hearing C. having heard D. being heard
2.V-ing在remember ,forget ,regret 以及apologize for , excuse…for , thank…for , sorry …for等之后作宾语时，可用一般体代替完成体，表示一个发生在谓语动词之前的动作。
1).I remember posting /having posted the letter.我记得把那封信寄过了。
2).Thank you for giving /having given us so much help
---I must apologize for ______ ahead of time. （MET94）
---It doesn’t matter.
A. letting you not know B. not letting you know
C. not letting you to know D. letting you not to know. [B]
Do you remember ______ me at a party last year? (84)
A. meet B. to meet C. meeting D. met [C]
V-ing作结果状语时[只能是终止动词，其前常加thus , only , thereby],表示一个发生在谓语动词之后的动作。
1.His parents died, leaving him an orphan.
2.The thief stole into the house , only being caught by the people there.
He opened fire, killing twenty enemies.[B]
A. to kill B. killing C. kill D. killed
1).They stood there, waiting for a bus.[表示伴随]
2).They sat facing each other.[表示方式] 他们面对面地坐着。
3).[While]Burning , oil gives heat and light.[表示时间]
(1)._____ here in time , they came _____ all the way.[B]
A. getting ; running B. To get ; running
C. To get ; to run D. Getting ; to run
(2).I walked as fast as I could , _____ to catch the first bus.[C]
A. hoped B. to hope C. hoping D. being hoped
(3).The secretary worked late into the night, _______ a long speech for the president. (MET91)
A. to prepare B. preparing C. prepared D. was preparing [B]
2.V-ing在see , notice , find , look at , catch sight of ,listen to , hear, feel , smell等感官动词之后作宾语补足语时，表明与谓语动词同时发生，且强调动作正在进行。
1).When I entered the room , I found them reading.
2).I felt the wind getting stronger.
3.V-ing 在let , have , make , leave, get , keep后作宾语补足语时表示一个从过去到说话时一直进行的动作。
Don’t let him waiting outside. 不要让他在外边一直等着。
(1).---There is something wrong with the chair.[B]
---Yes , I can ______
A.feel it to move B. feel it moving
C.feel it that it is moving D. find it moved
(2).It was so cold that they kept fire ______ all night.[C]
A. to burn B. burn C. burning D. burned
1.He lives in a house facing (=that faces) south.
2.Last year we had a holiday lasting (=that lasted) 50 days
3.People wishing (=who wished) to see the film had waited for twenty minutes. 想要看着部影片的人们在外面等已等了20分钟。
The teacher scolded the student who had broken the window.
The man who has graduated from Beijing University will teach us English.