V-ing 的 四 种 时 间 关 系 (人教版高三英语下册教学论文)

发布时间:2017-10-10 编辑:互联网 手机版

V-ing 的 四 种 时 间 关 系


1. V-ing用作时间状语、原因状语方式状语、让步状语时,常用一般体代替完成体,表示一个发生在谓语动词之前的动作。只有终止性动词才有这种用法。

1).Fleeing/having fled Germany, Einstein went first to France…


2).The revolutionaries sentenced him to death , discovering / having discovered that he was an enemy of the state.



The poor of the cities, having lived such a hard life for so long , took up their guns and knives to kill the nobles.



(1)._______what to do , he asked his teacher for help. [A]

A. Not knowing B. Having not known C. Being not known D. not to know

(2)._____ here for three years , he wasn’t familiar with everyone [B]

A. working B. having worked C. worked D. being worked

(3).______ the news , she couldn’t help crying. [B / C]

A. heard B. hearing C. having heard D. being heard

2.V-ing在remember ,forget ,regret 以及apologize for , excuse…for , thank…for , sorry …for等之后作宾语时,可用一般体代替完成体,表示一个发生在谓语动词之前的动作。

1).I remember posting /having posted the letter.我记得把那封信寄过了。

2).Thank you for giving /having given us so much help



---I must apologize for ______ ahead of time. (MET94)

---It doesn’t matter.

A. letting you not know B. not letting you know

C. not letting you to know D. letting you not to know. [B]

Do you remember ______ me at a party last year? (84)

A. meet B. to meet C. meeting D. met [C]


V-ing作结果状语时[只能是终止动词,其前常加thus , only , thereby],表示一个发生在谓语动词之后的动作。

1.His parents died, leaving him an orphan.


2.The thief stole into the house , only being caught by the people there.



He opened fire, killing twenty enemies.[B]

A. to kill B. killing C. kill D. killed



1).They stood there, waiting for a bus.[表示伴随]


2).They sat facing each other.[表示方式] 他们面对面地坐着。

3).[While]Burning , oil gives heat and light.[表示时间]



(1)._____ here in time , they came _____ all the way.[B]

A. getting ; running B. To get ; running

C. To get ; to run D. Getting ; to run

(2).I walked as fast as I could , _____ to catch the first bus.[C]

A. hoped B. to hope C. hoping D. being hoped

(3).The secretary worked late into the night, _______ a long speech for the president. (MET91)

A. to prepare B. preparing C. prepared D. was preparing [B]

2.V-ing在see , notice , find , look at , catch sight of ,listen to , hear, feel , smell等感官动词之后作宾语补足语时,表明与谓语动词同时发生,且强调动作正在进行。

1).When I entered the room , I found them reading.


2).I felt the wind getting stronger.


3.V-ing 在let , have , make , leave, get , keep后作宾语补足语时表示一个从过去到说话时一直进行的动作。

Don’t let him waiting outside. 不要让他在外边一直等着。

(1).---There is something wrong with the chair.[B]

---Yes , I can ______

A.feel it to move B. feel it moving

C.feel it that it is moving D. find it moved

(2).It was so cold that they kept fire ______ all night.[C]

A. to burn B. burn C. burning D. burned

Ⅳ. 表示一个经常性的动作或当时的状态。


1.He lives in a house facing (=that faces) south.


2.Last year we had a holiday lasting (=that lasted) 50 days


3.People wishing (=who wished) to see the film had waited for twenty minutes. 想要看着部影片的人们在外面等已等了20分钟。

注:V-ing 的完成体不能作定语,通常用一个从句来表达完成的动作。

The teacher scolded the student who had broken the window.

[不用having broken]


The man who has graduated from Beijing University will teach us English.

[不用having graduated]