初二U4知识点(人教版八年级英语教案教学设计)

发布时间:2016-7-14 编辑:互联网 手机版

Feed: vt.喂养, 饲养, 放牧, 靠...为生

I am feeding the children. 给孩子们喂饭

Have you fed the animals? 你喂过动物了吗?

句型:feed sb\sth on(with) sth = feed sth to sb\sth

句型:feed sb\sth sth(不常见)

I feed wheat to cattle. (= I feed cattle on\with wheat.) 我用小麦喂牛。

I fed fish to the cat. = I fed the cat fish.我把鱼喂给了猫

vi.(动物)吃东西,以……为食物,经常用on连接

Rabbits feed chiefly on grass.兔子以草为主食。

辨析:feed on与 live on

1 在表示动物以……为食时可以互换。

Rabbits feed chiefly on grass. = Rabbits live chiefly on grass.

2 live on可以用于人,作“以……为主”,可接食物或生活来源

Babies live on milk.

The old man lives on a small pension.老人靠一小笔退休金生活。

Follow: v

1跟随

Follow me, please.

Monday follows Sunday.

2理解

I don’t follow your meaning.我不懂你的意思。

I can’t follow you.我听不懂你说的。

3遵循

He likes to follow people.

You should follow the rule.你应当遵循这个规则。

4沿…前进

Follow this road to the bus stop.沿着这条路走到汽车站。

5效仿,以……为榜样

Follow Lei Feng’s fine example.学习雷锋好榜样。

vi.跟随, 接着

You go first and I will follow.你先走,我随后就到。

Grow: vt.种植, 栽培, 培育

The farmer grows many trees on the hill.

He grows vegetables. 他种植蔬菜。

She is growing her hair.她正在留长发。

vi.生长, 成长, 渐渐变得, 增长, 增高

Rice grows in warm climates. 稻子生长在温暖的地区。

The trees are growing well.

How quickly the baby is growing! 这个婴儿长得多么快啊!

The city is growing fast. 城市正在飞速发展。

He is growing old. 他渐渐老了。

词组:grow into成长为; 变得成熟有经验

He's grown into a fine young man. 他已长成一个有教养的青年人。

词组:grow up长大;长成;成年

She has grown up.她已经长大了。

辨析:grow与turn

Hear: vt.听到, 听说, 听取, 审理, 允许

Can you hear the signal? 你能听到这信号吗?

I heard a loud noise. 我听见一声巨响。

She listened but could hear nothing.她注意听了, 但什么也听不见。

vi.听见, 听到

I heard about your accident.我听说你出车祸的事了

I have never heard about him.我从未听说过他。

句型hear from收到…的来信、电话或传达来的信息

I hear from my mother every month.我每月都接到母亲的信。

句型:hear of听说;得知

Who's he?--I've never heard of him.他是谁?我从没听说过他。

I've never heard of anyone doing that. 我从未听说有人做那种事。

句型:hear sb do\doing意思是“听到……在干……”。

I hear him singing a song.我听到他在唱一首歌

能够用于这种句型的动词,除hear外,还有see, find, watch等。

I often see some students at school talking to each other in English.

我常看到一些学生在学校用英语交谈。

Sometimes we find them driving the tractor on the farm.

有时我发现他们用拖拉机在农场干活。

句型:hear (that) 从句

You had better hear what I'll say.你最好听听我要说些什么。

I heard that he was ill. 我听说他病了。

I heard that his son had gone to London. 我听说他儿子到伦敦去了。

Nobody: pron.谁也不, 无人, 任何人, 没有任何人(只作单数)

Nobody told you to go.没有人告诉你走

There is nobody here. 没有人在这里。

She likes nobody and nobody likes her. 她谁都不喜欢,也没有人喜欢她。

辨析:nobody与no one意思相同,但nobody更加口语化

Nobody\No one will listen to him.没有人会听他说话。

注意:在反意疑问句里,用they代替nobody

Nobody was hurt in the match, were they?

Pick: vt.采摘(花、果实),选择

We picked apples (from the tree). 我们(从树上)摘苹果。

I picked a book to read. 我选了一本书读。

pick the best seeds挑选最好的种子

vi (被)采, 摘

Ripe apples pick easily. 熟苹果容易摘下来。

句型:pick up

1捡起,拾起

He picked up his bag.

Will you please pick it up for me?

2 (车、船)在途中搭人、带货

I picked up a young girl.

3恢复健康

He is beginning to pick up now.

Stop: n.停止, 车站

We waited at the bus stop. 我们在公共汽车站等(车)。

v停止

The rain stopped. 雨停了。

句型:stop doing sth停止做某事(停止正在做的)

We stopped eating. 我们停止吃东西。

He stopped talking.

句型:stop to do sth停下列去做某事(停止正在做的,开始另一件事)

He stopped to talk.

句型:stop sb (from) doing sth叫某人停止做某事

What stopped you from coming?你为什么没来?

Nothing shall stop us from studying.什么都不能阻止我们学习。(shall特殊用法表决心)

The conductor stopped the boy (from) getting on the bus.

注意:当用于被动语态时,from不可省略。

The boy was stopped from getting on the bus by the conductor.

Town: n.市镇, 城镇(尤指与乡村相对,此时为不可数)

They live in town.

Do you live in town or in the country?

用在介词之后,不加冠词,表示

A (一个地区的)商业区

I am going into town this morning.我今天上午要到商业区去。

B (一个地区的主要的)镇或城市

He is not in town. = He is out of town.他不在城里。

He went up to town this morning.他今天早晨进城了。

She is spending the weekend in town.她正在城里度周末。

辨析:city与town

1 city指大而重要的城市,还表示“都市”

London is a big city.

I was born in Paris city.

2 town通常指“城镇、集镇、小镇”,对应于country/countryside.

有时指城市里的闹市区或商业中心。

A town is bigger than a village but smaller than a city.

Ashland is a small town from the city of Richmond.

I saw him in town just now.

注意:go to town习惯不用冠词

I shall go to the city. I shall go to town.

Until: prep.到...为止, 在...以前conj.到...为止, 在...以前, 直到...才

1 until用于肯定句中,,表示动作一直持续到until所表示的时间为止。

主句的谓语动词是表示持续动作的词。意思“一直,直到”

We danced until dawn.我们跳舞一直跳到天亮

We walked until it got dark.我们一直走到天黑了下来

He waited until the volcano became quiet.他一直等到火山平息下来。

I will wait here until the concert is over.我将一直在这儿等到音乐会结束。

Stay here until the lights turn green.等到亮绿灯才能通行。

I lived in that city until I was 15.

Until he returns, nothing can be done.他不回来什么也不能做。

Go straight on until you come to a large building.

一直往前走, 直到你走到一座大楼。

2 not…until用于否定句中,表示动作的转折。意思为“直到……才”

主句的谓语动词是表示瞬间(终止性的)动作的词。

She can't leave until Friday.在星期五之前她不能离开

You cannot leave until your work is finished.在你的工作被完成以前你不能离开

We can't go until Thursday. 我们要到星期四才能去。

He did not go until night.他直到夜里才走。

I didn’t get\receive the letter until last Sunday.

Lucy didn’t finish her homework until her father came back.

He didn’t start working at the factory until 1999.直到1999他才进工厂工作。

I couldn't sew until I was six. 我直到六岁时才会用针缝东西。

We can't start the job until we have the approval from the authority concerned.

没有有关当局的批准我们不能开始这项工作。

3句型:It is not until…that + 从句

It was not until the next da