Period 1 Warming up & Listening & Speaking
Step 1 Warming-up
1. What do you know about Australia? List three things that interest you.
The national flag of Australia . The national emblem of Australia
2. Do you know where the Pacific Ocean, the Indian Ocean, Sydney, Melbourne and Canberra are?
3. Look at the map of Australia. Which of the places would you like to visit?
Why? What would do there?
Step 2 Listening
1. Look at the word list below. Tick the words you think you will hear on the tape.
( ) environment ( ) confusing ( ) dangerous
( ) technology ( ) rafting ( ) adventure
( ) studying ( ) thrill ( ) safety
( ) pollution ( ) equipment ( ) outback
2. Listen to part 1 of the tape and complete the chart below with the
information from the tape.
Bushwalking Cycling Surfing
Where: Where: Where:
Why: Why: Why:
3. In the second part of the tape, you will hear an experienced outback guide give advice about safety and equipment. Use what you know about adventure travel and safety to list a few items in the chart below. Then listen to the tape and complete the chart.
Safety Equipment Environmental protection
Step 3 Speaking
Work in groups. You are planning a 10-day trip to Australia. You are meeting to decide where to go and what to do. You have also invited a tour guide who will answer your questions and help you prepare for your
trip. Prepare the role cards below.
Period 2 and 3 Reading
(1) What do you know about Australia?
Australia was discovered about 53 000 years ago. It is possible that the first people crossed into Australia from Asia on great land bridge when the water above of the oceans was lower.
(2) Look at the map of Australia. Australia is surrounded by many oceans: the Indian ocean in the west, the Southern Ocean in the south and the Pacific Ocean in the northeast.
(3) Show more pictures about Australia to the students.
Which questions will be answered in the passage and tick them.
1. How large is Australia?
2. When was Australia founded?
3. Who lives in Australia?
4. What is the capital of Australia?
5. What animals are native to Australia?
6. What is Australia famous for?
7. What does the Australia flag look like?
8. How many people live in Australia?
9. How is Australian English different from British and American English?
Step2 Fast reading
How many parts can the passage be divided into? Five
What’s the main idea of each paragraph?
Para1: The portrait of a nation
Para2: The first Australians
Para3: A nation of prisoners
Para4: Another new world: The birth of a nation
Para5: Speak Australian? No worries!
Step3 Careful reading
1.The Australian flag shows________.
A. the UK flag and seven stars
B. the USA flag and a large star with seven points
C. the UK flag and six large stars with seven points
D. the UK flag, a large star and a group of small stars
2. Who were the first people to arrive in Australia?
A. Spanish, Portuguese and Dutch.
B. Prisoners and criminals from England.
C. Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders.
D. Asian explorers.
3.According to the text, Asian countries have _________ on Australia culture.
A. great influence B. little influence
C. no influence D. no effect
4.In 1770, Captain James Cook claimed the east coast of the continent for the_______ Crown.
A. British B. Spanish
C. Portuguese D. American
5.What does the word ‘‘claim’’ mean in Paragraph 3 of ‘‘A nation of prisoners? ’’
Australia A. need B. demand C. believe D. buy
6 It was ________ that made the original Australians suffer.
A. the American War of Independence
B. Captain James Cook
C. the English prisoners
D. the first fleet of 11 ships
7.After the Second World War, Australia began to_______
A. form the commonwealth
B. transform itself into the modern country as it is today
C. change its attitude towards immigration
D. suffer from the Depression of the 1930s
8. The last part of the text tells us __________.
A. Australian English is the same as British English
B. there are no differences between Australia English and British English
C. all the words in Australian English have a different meaning from British words
D. "down under" means the country of Australia to Australians
9. From the national flag of Australia, we can know________.
A. there are 5 states altogether in Australia
B. people of Australia like American society
C. people of Australia think they have something to do with the English people
D. Australia suffered from immigration
10 From the text we can infer Australia came into being ________ the continent began to exist.
A. long before B. long after
C. at .the same time when D. shortly after
Answer the following questions.
1) What do the symbols on the Australian flag represent?
Six of the points represent the original states (Western Australia, South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania) and the seventh stands for all the territories. The other stars on the flag represent the Southern Cross.
2) Who were the first people to arrive in Australia?
The Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders.
3) Why were prisoners sent to Australia after 1788? Where were they from?
The American War of Independence made it possible for England to send prisoners to North America. They were from America.
4) What happened to the original Australians when the European newcomers arrived?
The newcomers changed the way land was managed and introduced new plants and animals that were harmful to the Australian ecosystems. As a consequence, the original Australians suffered.
5) What was the problem with Australia's Constitution?
The Constitution governing six states stated that men were free and equal, explained their base civil rights and described the new government.
6) How did the two World Wars change Australia?
After the First World War, the country experienced social and economic unrest and suffered from the Depression of the 1930s. After the Second World War, Australia began to transform itself into the modern country as it is today.
7) How does Australian English differ from British English?
Australian English differs from British English in pronunciation and some of the vocabulary.
Step5. Language Points
1. Modern Australia is made up of six states and two territories.( 由…组成)
e.g. The solar system is made up of a star and nine plants.
make up 和解,和好;虚构,编造;化妆;补偿,弥补;凑钱
e.g. It is very hard to make up the quarrel between the couple.
Don’t make up any excuse to cheat me.
I find no time to make myself up every day.
Hard work can make up for a lack of intelligence.
Have you made up the money for your class?
2. Australia is surrounded by many oceans.
e.g. The house was surrounded by high walls.
3. claim vt（根据权利）要求，认领，索赔; 自称；主张
e.g. Did you claim on the insurance after your car
e.g. She claims that she is related to the Queen.
e.g. She claims to be related to the Queen.
4. as a consequence 结果，后果
as a consequence= in consequence/as a result
e.g. After graduation, he became quite lazy. As a consequence, he lost what he owned.
in consequence of =as a result of/because of/due to/owing to
In consequence of his rudeness, he was fired by his boss
e.g. As a consequence, she lost everything she
5. have an influence on/upon 对…有影响
have an influence on/upon=have an effect on/upon
influence sb./sth. affect sb./sth.
I don’t think this kind of system will have a great influence on our school.
e.g. SARS has a strong influence on human
6. transform vt. 转换, 改变, 改造, 使...变形 [(+into)]
e.g. The Greens have transformed their garage into a guest house
7. resemble vt. 相似, 像,类似 [(+in)]
e.g. He strongly resembles his father in appearance
8. differ vi. 不同；不像；相异[(+from)] =be different from
①不同,相异 A differ from B in…
e.g. We differ from each other in tastes.
We differ from/with him on that problem.
e.g. She differs from me in many ways.
9.make it + n./adj.+ (for sb.) + to do sth. / that clause
e.g. She made it clear that she objected to the
10.represent 代表,象征; 表现; 描绘,塑造; 声称
e.g. The moon represents my heart.
I’d like to thank you representing my whole family.
=I’d like to thank you on behalf of my whole family.
He represented himself as a wealthy man, but in fact he was as poor as a church mouse.
11.stand for 象征,代表; 支持;
e.g. What does WTO stand for?
It stand for World Trade Organization.
Before we elect him, we want to know what he stands for.
Period 4 Integrating ski!ls
Step 1. Fast-Reqding: fill in the table
Information about Australia
Animals：__ kangaroo, koala bear, parrot, snake, digo, sheep, cattle _
Distance 3220 km from north to south 3860 km from east to west
Size:_ the same as the USA( without Alaska__
Population:_ 18 million__
Agriculture:_ wheat, fruit, vegetables, meat, wines_
Natural resources:___ metals, precious stones, coal, iron
Climate:_ cool and wet winters, warm and dry summers in the south; warm and dry winters, hot and wet summers in the north dry or desert in two thirds of the country
Sports:_____ tennis, sailing, swimming
Step 2. Careful-Reading: answer the questions
(1) Why does Australia have so many plants and animals that can not be found anywhere else in the world?
Because Australia has been separated from other Continents for millions of years.
(2)Why do kangaroos carry their young in a pocket of skin on their stomach?
Kangaroos give birth to very small and weak young. They are carried in a pocket of skin for several months while they feed on the Mother's Milk and grow stronger.
(3)In what way is Australia different from all the other countries in the world?
Australia is the only country in the world which covers an entire continent.
(4)Compare the Climate in different areas of Australia with that found in different parts of China. Does the climate in your area affect the way you live?
The climate in Australia is different depending on the area. The south has cool, wet winters and warm, dry summers. The north has warm, dry winters and hot wet summers. The south of China has warm winters and wet, hot summers. The north of China has cold, dry winters and hot summers.
Step 3. Language Points