The Former Residence of Dr. Sun Yat-sen
Ladies and gentlemen,
Good morning! Speaking of Cuiheng Village, Chinese citizens will have a familiar and friendly feeling. It is because this village is the home town and birth place of the man behind China's first democratic revolution, Sun Yat-sen. It is located southeast of Nanlang Town, Zhongshan City. It is near the Pearl River to the east, while Qi'ao Island, Zhuhai City is directly opposite the village, across the South China Sea. Finally, Wugui Hill is directly west of Cuiheng Village. The village is now home not only to Sun Yat-sen's former residence, but to a Sun Yat-sen monumental middle school and movie city as well, all of which are related to or named after the father of modern and democratic China .
Besides being rich in history, Cuiheng village is next to mountains and the sea. This good geographical setting and its exquisite natural environment make the village's inhabitants carefree and happy. While walking in the village or stepping onto the Cuishan road, one will feel like he/she is in a forest “paradise” of trees, flowers and birds. Even within the village, you can gaze at the distant hills and cliffs. The vegetation here is well protected, so the forest is verdant and luxuriantly green. Along the two sides of the Cuishan road, the dark green umbrage helps cool the air and provides Cuiheng village with a natural air-conditioner. Even during the sultry summers, you can enjoy the mountain's cool breezes and green shade.
Sun Yat-sen's former residence is located at the Cuiheng Village and faces west. The residence sits on a 500 square meter area site and is itself 340 square meters. Sun Yat-sen built it with the money sent from Honolulu by his elder brother Sun Mei in1892. We are now standing in front of Sun Yat-sen's former residence. The building is a half-timber house and combines Western and Chinese architectural styles with a wall surrounding the courtyard. Its outward appearance imitates a Western building and its upper floor has seven ember ornamental arches. The middle of the house's penthouse is decorated with aureole under which there is an annotated hawk with a silver ring in its mouth. Going inside, we can see that the building's interior is designed in traditional Chinese architectural style. The parquet is in the middle, while separate penthouses are off to two of the parquet's sides. The four brick walls are grey with white line outlining every brick, and the windows each with two leaves open under the-main roof beam. There are doors at all the four sides of the house that lead out to the street. A well is off to the right side of the courtyard, and the area of about 32 square meters surrounding the well is the place where San Yat-sen was born on November 12,1866.
Now we are in the parquet of the former residence. The ornaments of the hall were decorated by Sun Yat-sen himself. Please look at the two kerosene burners put on the abutment; Sun Yat-sen brought them here from Honolulu in 1883. The penthouse off to the right is Sun Yat-sen's bedroom. The bedroom still contains his big wooden bed, dresser table and the wooden bench. Sun Yat-sen lived here from 1892 t0 1895 and in 1912. Stepping up to the second floor, the south part of the floor has Sun Yat-sen's study. Sun Yat-sen's photo, taken when he was 17 years old, hangs on the wall. This study also has some of the things Sun Yat-sen used everyday, such as his desk, chair and iron bed.
Let's return to the courtyard. There is a wild jujube tree off to the left. It was brought by Sun from Honolulu in 1883 and he planted it himself. It grows well. Off to the right, there is a brick raised flowerbed.
There is a big banyan tree in front of the former residence. There Sun Yat-sen used to listen to the stories of the Taiping generals against Qing told by the old farmers who had fought in the Taiping army.
Everyone, that is all. Thank you for visiting Sun Yat-sen's former residence!