Good morning, ladies and gentlemen. Did you sleep last night? Great. I'm sorry, the baggage was delayed last night. As the baggage car broke down, we had to ask for another one. By the way, have you opened your luggage? No wonder it's sunny outside. Our tour guide often said, "the guests brought the sunshine in the bag.". I thank you for that. Good well. I have announced the schedule for breakfast. Today we will go to the old city of the sea, that is, the location of the Yu Garden and the Yu Garden mall.
Our car is driving in the Bund. Your left is the famous Huangpu river. We'll be here later.
In order to save time, I would like to talk about Chinese gardens and Yu Garden before I get to Yu Garden.
In China, gardens are divided into three major categories: Royal Gardens, private gardens and temple gardens. Yu Garden belongs to private gardens. Chinese gardens have many skills, such as borrowing scenery, blocking scenery and so on. But they are all made up of four basic factors. These four factors are water, plants, buildings and rockery. Most of the private gardens are in the south of the Yangtze River, just because there are many water sources and stones suitable for making rockery. Yu Garden is the Ming dynasty built more than 400 years ago. The owner surnamed pan, is a senior official. He built this garden to please his parents and make them enjoy their old age. Therefore, the word "Yu" of Yu Garden takes its meaning of "Yue Yue". It's a pity that his parents could see Yu Garden fall and die. At the end of the Qing Dynasty, the pan family was weak and its descendants sold the garden to the local guild. There is another reason why Yu Garden is famous. In 1853, a sword Club uprising broke out in Shanghai, and a hall was used as the headquarters. Today, Yu Garden is a must go place. So I suggest that there we must not become separated, the best you closely, okay?
Here is the parking lot. If someone here, please remember the bus number three last number is 121. I think it's best not to happen. I will be holding a small red flag, all of you will accompany Mr. Zhang dianhou. Are you ready yet? Let's hit the road. Please pay attention to your bike when you get off.
Ladies and gentlemen, this is the famous jiuquqiao. Why is nine? Because it is the highest number of yang. Walk on the bridge and stay long. You can also enjoy the scenery from different angles. Also, it is said that ghosts can only walk in a straight line, so you don't have to worry about ghosts.
In the middle of the bridge, there is a pavilion, built in the Qing Dynasty, about 80 years ago, was converted into a teahouse. The old people like to come here in the morning, meet friends, make a pot of tea and chat. Generally they drink a green tea called Longjing. This teahouse is also the place where foreign leaders often come. For example, in 1986, Queen Elizabeth II of England came to Shanghai, also went to the teahouse to drink tea.
Indeed, it is also a pleasure to have a pot here. Imagine, on a summer day, when you come to the teahouse and sit by the window, overlooking the green pond full of lotus flowers. A cool breeze blew in the face. In the elegant Jiangnan Silk sound, you lift the teapot, slowly sipping lukewarm Longjing green tea. If you feel floating losses.
Would you like to have a pot? Sorry, I still can't let you go. Will it be OK for us to make a decision after we finish Yu Garden?
This is the entrance to the Yu Garden. When you walk into a private garden, the sight of what things are always blocked, sometimes is a rockery, sometimes this Su zhaobi. This is a garden skill, called "barrier landscape". Don't let you know one day, but let you see a part, and then achieve the effect of moving scenery.
This hall is called mount Du hall. As you all know, Shanghai is located in an alluvial plain, with no mountains or forests. So this mountain refers to the rockery opposite. It is 12 meters tall and weighs 80 tons. It has been a miracle in the past and even today. Because more than 400 years ago, no cement and plaster, people use cooked glutinous rice, add alum and lime, the stones together. So far safe. See the pavilion on the top of the mountain? Four hundred years ago, it was the highest point in Shanghai. From there you can see the Huangpu River on the fishing boat, sails, but these can only see in movies today. You can only see the top of their heads up. For the winding paths are covered with trees and stones. This is really the masterpiece of Zhang Nanyang, a gardener. It is also recognized as the best local rockery.
After the rockery, there is a dragon wall. This is a characteristic of this garden. There are five dragon walls in all. This way, I'm going to take you to a place where you can see another dragon wall clearly.
Ladies and gentlemen, this is the dragon wall I just mentioned. Dragons are actually imaginary animals. We call ourselves the descendants of the dragon. I wonder if you have read Pearl Buck's Dragon seed. If you've seen it, a lot of things are familiar to you here. Look at the dragon. You'll see it's a complex of many kinds of animals. You see, it looks like cattle, eyes like shrimp, horns, I do not look like cattle. We usually say a deer, a snake, a scaly fish, a claw like chicken or an eagle. Please tell me, how many toes do you see?. Three pairs. But the dragon should have five toes. Why three? There's a story. Previously, only emperors and royals were equipped with dragon designs. Pan Yunduan, the gardener, used the dragon as a wall. He was ambitious. Somehow, when the emperor learned of the matter, he sent for an investigation. When Pan Yunduan heard of it, he immediately knocked two toes. The delay officers arrived, master said: look, this is not long, only three. It is a wise man, otherwise he would be killed.
You said you wanted to take a picture. I think it's the best place for the dragon wall. Let me shoot for you. Don't forget to say "Cheese".
located at the center of the mainland's coastline, shanghai has long been a major hub of communications, transportation, and international exchange. the municipality covers an area of 6,341 square kilometers and has a population of more than 13.5 million. shanghai is china's largest economic comprehensive industrial base, and a famous historical and cultural city.
the city consistently attracts investment and is seen as an ideal venue for business gatherings. it is also a must on any agenda during a tour of china. shanghai has fostered a comprehensive transportation network that incorporates land, sea, and air travel, as well as a convenient urban transportation system. more than 300 airlines serve the city, proving direct flights to more than 20 countries and regions. the addition of the shanghai pudong international airport, which went into operation in 1999, is expected to increase the annual passenger volume to some 20 million.
special tourist trains running between shanghai and the neighboring provinces of jiangsu and zhejiang, as well as tourist bus routes along newly-constructed expressways, offer great convenience for regional travel. shanghai has more than 400 travel agencies to assist visitors, and the 127 star-rated hotels offer a total of 40, 000 guest rooms.
visitors to shanghai are not only dazzled by the modern metropolis and gateway to a developing china, but are also able to immerse themselves in the unique shanghai culture, a combination of chinese and western elements. colorful festivals and celebrations dot the yearly shanghai activities calendar, such as the shanghai nanhui peach blossoms festival, shanghai international tea culture festival and shanghai china international art festival.
shanghai has also introduced special tour packages aimed at the different interests of visitors, such as bicycling tours, hiking tours, gourmet tours, rehabilitation and health care tours, study tours, japanese young women's tours, honey moon tours, and convention and exhibition tours.
the well-known bund is a must for visitors to shanghai. fifty-two buildings lining the narrow shoreline of the huangpu river offer a living exhibition of gothic, baroque, roman, classic revival and renaissance architectural styles, as well as combinations of chinese and western styles. they are also a condensation of the recent history of the city. the wide embankment offers ample room for strolling and is used by locals for morning exercises and evening gatherings. in the evening, colorful lights illuminate the area and create a shimmering image deserving of the name pearl of the orient.
the yu garden
the yu gardens are a classical landscape in the southern chinese style with a history of more than 400 years. pavilions, halls, rockeries and ponds display the finest in landscaping from the southern style as seen in the ming and qing dynasties. more than 40 landscapes were ingeniously separated by latticed walls, winding corridors, and lattice windows.
people's square has become the political and cultural center in shanghai since 1994, when it was rebuilt. in and around the square are a massive fountain named the light of huangpu river, 10,000 square meters of lawns, six groups of relief carvings that depict the history of shanghai, the new shanghai museum, the offices of the municipal government, an underground shopping plaza, the shanghai grand theater and the shanghai exhibition center
the orient pearl tv tower
the orient pearl tv tower is 468 meters high, the tallest in asia and third tallest in the world. it faces the bund across the huangpu river. when viewed from the bund, the tower and the nanpu and yangpu bridges create a vivid imagery known as "two dragons playing with a pearl." the sphere at the top has a diameter of 45 meters and is 263 meters above ground. the observation deck in the sphere offers a sweeping view of the city. the revolving restaurant is set at 267 meters above pudong new area. the dance ball, piano bar and 20 karaoke rooms, at 271 meters, are also opened to the public. the penthouse, which sits at 350 meters, has an observation deck, meeting room, and coffee shop. the tower integrates broadcasting technologies with sightseeing, catering, shopping, amusement, and accommodations. it has become the symbol of the city and a major tourist attraction in shanghai.
cruise on the huangpu river
cruising on the huangpu river, visitors can gaze at the mighty skyscrapers, the monument tower to the people's heroes, the famous waibaidu bridge and huangpu park on one bank, and the orient pearl tv tower, international convertion center, jin mao building and the newly rising pudong new area on the other. the yangpu and nanpu bridges span the river. from the river, visitors can also view the ruins of ancient cannon emplacements and fortifications at wusong and the magnificent view of the yangtze river as it empties into the sea.
nanjing road east, honored as "china's no. l street", has become an all-weather pedestrian arcade. shops and restaurants provide products and services with their own characteristics, making it an ideal place that integrates shopping, restaurants, amusement and sightseeing.
the museum and tomb are located in lu xun park. lu xun was an imminent man of letters. the museum exhibits lu xun's manuscripts, some of his personal effects, document., and photos. the headstone at the tomb of lu xun is in the calligraphy of vhio zedong and reads "the tomb of mr. lu xun."
dr. sun's residence
dr. sun yat-sen, the forerunner of the chinese democratic revolution, and his wilr soong ching ling, lived in this building from 1918 to 1924. it was in the residence that dr. sun yat-sen met representatives of the communist party and fostered the first cooperation between the chinese communist party and the kuomintang.
soong ching ling's residence
this is the former residence of soong ching ling. an honorary chairwoman of the people's republic of china and the widow of sun yat-sen. she lived, worked, and studied here during the last years of her life.
birthplace of the communist party of china.
in july of 1921, the first national communist party congress was held in this building. the congress passed the party's program and resolutions, elected the central committee, and declared the founding of the cpc.
the new shanghai library, which covers an area of some 80,000 square meters, has a collection of 13 million books and is considered one of the top ten libraries in the world. the library incorporates the open-stacks approach favored in the west, which allows for convenience in borrowing books.
shanghai grand theater
located in the northwestern corner of people's square. the shanghai grand theater covers 70,000 squat, meters. it is actually composed of three theaters. the theaters can accommodate performances of ballet opera, symphonies, chamber music modern dramas, and musicals. the theater also owns the largest, fully automatic stage in asia. the theater has become a symbol of modern culture in shanghai.
cultural celebrities' street, located along duolun road and surrounding areas,is a living memorial to the modern cultural celebrities of shang-hai and is also a condensation of modern culture. such chinese literary giants as lu xun, mao dun, guo moruo and ye shengtao lived and wrote here,making the road an important feature in china's modern cultural history. in addition, the famous gongfei cafe. celebrities mansion, the shanghai art opera troupe, and hai shang jiu li also display the accumulated cultural atmosphere of duolun road today.